Instruction

1

Perhaps the greatest challenge lies precisely in the technical impossibility to translate Giga-calorie in cubic feet or back. It is absolutely different physical quantities: one is the measurement of thermal energy, the other volume, and, suggests a basic physics course, they are not comparable. The task of the consumer of utilities in the end is to calculate the ratio of the amount of heat and volume of hot water consumed.

2

In order not to get confused, you should start with the definition of the calculated values. Thus, under the understand calorie the amount of heat necessary for heating by 1°C one cubic centimeter of water. In Gcal billion calories in a cubic meter is a million inches, therefore to heat by 1°C one cubic meter of water, you need a 0,001 Gcal.

Considering that hot water should not be colder than 55°C, and cold water enters at 5°C, it is obvious that you will need to heat it to 50°C, that is, to spend on each cubic meter of 0.05 Gcal of heat energy. In the sphere of tariffs of housing and communal services operates a slightly higher ratio of heat consumption for heating one cubic meter of water – 0,059 Gcal, it is connected with the heat losses that occur during transportation of water through pipelines.

Considering that hot water should not be colder than 55°C, and cold water enters at 5°C, it is obvious that you will need to heat it to 50°C, that is, to spend on each cubic meter of 0.05 Gcal of heat energy. In the sphere of tariffs of housing and communal services operates a slightly higher ratio of heat consumption for heating one cubic meter of water – 0,059 Gcal, it is connected with the heat losses that occur during transportation of water through pipelines.

3

Then everything is simple, the heat consumption according to the readings of the counter divide by the number of tenants. Get thus the heat consumption of each tenant, and dividing the resulting figure by the standard 0,059 - the amount of hot water in cubic meters, which must be paid by each tenant. The only subtlety in this calculation is the need to subtract from it, those residents who have installed meters in the apartment.

4

Consider the calculation for example: flow obsidianovom at the counter was 30 Gcal that tenants who are domestic meters, spent a total of 35 m3 of hot water, tenants without metering devices in the house – 75 people.

5

Consider:

35*0,059 = 2,065 is the amount of heat consumed by residents, which are metering devices;

30-2,065 = 27,935 Gcal – the remainder of the expense to other tenants;

27,935/75 = 0,372 Gcal heat consumption per occupant;

0,372/0,059 = of 6.31 m3 of hot water will be invoiced to each tenant, one of those whose apartments are not equipped with metering devices.

35*0,059 = 2,065 is the amount of heat consumed by residents, which are metering devices;

30-2,065 = 27,935 Gcal – the remainder of the expense to other tenants;

27,935/75 = 0,372 Gcal heat consumption per occupant;

0,372/0,059 = of 6.31 m3 of hot water will be invoiced to each tenant, one of those whose apartments are not equipped with metering devices.

# Advice 2: How to convert to cubic meters

A unit of volume in standard SI units - cubic

**meters**, but we do not always meet the task. In this regard, there is a need to translate the value from a specified unit in cubic**meters**. How to do it?Instruction

1

Cubic meter - the volume of a cube with an edge length of one meter. Remember that translate to in cubic

**meters**only the volume, but not mass, length or area.2

The translation of the volume units associated with meters, but with any set-top boxes (decimeter, centimeter, millimeter, micrometer, nanometer, kilometer), the standard translation mechanism.To translate cubic kilometers to cubic

**meters**comnote the number 10 to 9 degrees.To translate cubic decimeters to cubic**meters**, divide the number by 10 to 3 degrees.To translate cubic inches, divide by 10 to the 6th degree.To translate cubic mm divide by 10 to 9 degrees.To translate cubic micrometers, divide by 10 to 18 degrees.To translate cubic nanometers, divide by 10 to 27 degrees.3

Now consider a liter. 1 liter is the same as 1 cubic decimeter. Accordingly, to convert from liters to cubic

**meters**, divide the number by 10 to 3 degrees.1 milliliter is equal to 1 cubic meter. So, to convert from milliliters to cubic**meters**, you need do nothing.4

If the problem is from the mass to volume (e.g. pounds

**meters**cubic), you need to know the density of the substance. Use the physical formula m=p*V (m is mass, p is the density, V is the volume).# Advice 3: How to convert kWh to Gcal

Calorie is a unit of derived from which are used in particular for measuring the amount of heat. For example, in determining the capacity of the heating equipment, the calculation of costs for municipal services for hot water supply, etc. used Giga-calorie. In the SI system for the measurement of "thermal power" is watts and its derivatives. There is a coefficient for converting kilowatts per Giga-calorie.

Instruction

1

Use a ratio of 100

**kW**= 0,0859845**Gcal**in terms of capacity, measured in kilowatts per hour in power, expressed in gigacalories per hour. This compliance follows an inverse relationship: 1 cal = 0,001163 kW.2

Use any calculator for the practical transfer of values measured in kilowatts, the appropriate value in Gcal. For example, one of the options calculator of the Windows operating system is the conversion of units. To access this calculator through the main menu of the operating system. Press the Windows key or click the "start" button to expand the menu. Then go to "All programs" and open the sub - "Standard" - it and placed the string "Calculator" which you must click. You can do without the "start" button and move the menu - press the key combination WIN + R, then type calc and press Enter.

3

Activate options calculator related to the conversion of units. To do this, open in the menu "View" and select "conversion". Additional options are placed in the left pane of the changed interface of calculator.

4

Expand the Category list and select the line "Energy". In placed below the drop-down list "Initial value", click the string "kWh". In the third list ("Final value") select "kilocalorie". Gigacalories in these lists is not therefore necessary to perform additional surgery with the result.

5

Click the input field of the calculator and enter the value in kilowatts, which must be converted to Giga-calorie. Then click the "Translate" button and the calculator will display the value in kilocalories. To translate it in Giga-calorie, divide the value per million - click with a slash ("slash"), input 1000000, and then press the equal sign.

# Advice 4: How to calculate cubic meter of wood

In everyday life and technology wood called the internal part of the tree underneath the bark. For

**wood**, the main and most important are the following properties: texture (figure fibers**of wood**), strength, hardness, deformability (the ability derivativesa), specific viscosity, thermal conductivity, sound conductivity.You will need

- To measure the cubic capacity of the lumber you will need a tape measure and a special table (which you can request from the seller, called "subatomic".

Instruction

1

Wood is a raw material for the production of more than twenty thousand products and articles. Methods of processing of wood raw material divided into three groups: mechanical, chemical-mechanical and chemical. Mechanical processing

**of wood**is to change its shape by sawing, planing, milling, peeling,drilling, cleaving. As a result of mechanical processing receive a variety of consumer goods and industrial products. The value of various species**of wood**is their strength, durability and uniqueness of the figure. This wood is used to make beautiful furniture, flooring, doors, and various interior items that are considered elite, given the initial high cost and the size of the effort spent on processing it. In Russia, the most common the following species: oak, cherry, beech, pear, rosewood, mahogany, walnut, maple.2

Board — lumber thickness up to 100 mm and a width exceeding twice the thickness. Boards are made of logs or timbers. Used in construction, furniture industry, manufacturing etc. depending on propylesoste edges are of the following types of boards: edged ( skromnoi both sides), one-way cut (with the edge on one side) and edging. When the sale of the timber, of course, have to measure them. Indeed, in contrast to other types of products do not sell them either individually or by weight, and in cubic

**metres**. Volume of sawn softwood and hardwood is defined in two ways. You need to measure par and calculate its volume, the volume is calculated by the formula V= length X(times) width X(times) the thickness. So you will get the volume of one Board, now count all the plates, multiply the volume of one Board on a number of boards and you will get the volume you imported lumber.3

Still the amount

**of wood**you can calculate using the so-called kubaturnykh (GOST 5306-83), which is designed to calculate the amount of edging saw-timbers of coniferous and deciduous species. In subatomic (standard) a table of the volume of one meter length and table of one piece of lumber. Based on these, and determine the purchase price. For example, we need to find the volume of 70 edging boards thickness 22 mm, width 125 mm and length 4.5 m. For this table, find the thickness of sawn timber 22 mm and at the intersection of horizontal column where you specify the width of 125 mm, and vertical columns, wherein said length of 4.5 m, find the volume 0,01238 m3. Then by multiplying the volume by the number of timbers in the party will get the desired volume in m3: 0,01238 m3 X 70=0,8666 m3. For reference will answer that in four-axle gondola is about 55-60 m3 of edged softwood lumber.Note

Recalculate your results 2 time to avoid errors. Be careful with wood, don't get yourself a splinter, it is better to use gloves.

Useful advice

Do not hurry with the payments, the seller will have to sell and you to buy!

# Advice 5: How to transfer the apartment to the communal

Translate apartment in public housing on the basis of a court ruling on the division of joint property share in kind. Each owner shall register a separate right to his share. On the basis of this General account will be disconnected.

You will need

- - passport;
- - title documents;
- - cadastral extract;
- - statement of claim;
- - certificate of ownership on your share;
- - statement to the billing center.

Instruction

1

Housing code, which entered into force in 2005, does not allow to translate an apartment in public housing. However, article 256, 244 of the Civil code and article 34 of the Family code of the Russian Federation continue to allow a section of common property in nature, where each owner has the full right to make the appropriation of his share, to issue the right of property, to divide the personal account and to dispose of their property at their own discretion. So the apartments are still divided, and they become communal.

2

Partition of the share in kind is made exclusively in a judicial order. To the court you need to file the statement of claim, all passport owners, title documents for housing, cadastral plan and explication, which mark the apportionment of shares with a pencil. The housing Commission will determine the possible appropriation of a share in kind or not. If you received the act of the possibility of such section, the court make a positive ruling.

3

The court decision, legal documents, please contact the Bureau of technical inventory. Technical officer will inspect your share and prepare technical documents. On this basis, you will make a separate cadastral documents, obtain statements from them and register the right of ownership to the state records center.

4

For registration of rights of ownership, you will need: passport, legal documents on housing, statement, court order, inventory records, copies of all documents, receipt of payment for services.

5

Having a separate certificate of ownership, please contact the clearing centre with the application, submit the passport and documents of title to the share. You will share a personal account. If the apartment is equipped with common metering devices, each owner is obliged to install individual meters on the basis of the testimony which will charge utility bills.