Advice 1: How to make a UAZ all-terrain vehicle

Unfortunately, today, cover most of the roads, especially in rural areas, leaves much to be desired, so driving on them is possible only in the summer and then when there is no rain. That's why many Koreans are showing increased interest in cross-country vehicles, and some of them are doing their own hands, for example, on the basis of the Oise.
How to make a UAZ all-terrain vehicle
You will need
  • - corrugated duralumin sheets;
  • - screws M5;
  • - rubber or metal lining;
  • - synthetic rugs;
  • - laminated safety glass;
  • - foam;
  • - soft plastic;
  • gasket;
  • - the propeller shaft from the "Volga";
  • tools.
Instruction
1
The body of the Rover consists of a frame and cladding. The frame should be made of strong steel pipes, in fact it will be a significant burden. Of course, you can use the body of the Oise.
2
Floor in the cabin and the lining of the hood of the vehicle, run from a special material – corrugated duralumin. The thickness of the used sheets of corrugated aluminum should be 1.5-2 mm. To the frame attach the leaves using the M5 screws with countersunk heads, and all formed between the corrugated aluminum to cover the joints of metal or rubber pads.
3
The cab interior line a rimmed thin foam rubber and soft plastic. Glazing of all-terrain vehicle use laminated safety glass.
4
Doors man additional sealant, and the floor cover special synthetic rugs. All this will allow to minimise noise and prevent dust penetration into the cabin.
5
Seat use of the Oise. Behind the rear seats and install bottom fuel tank with neck (capacity 45 litres), descended outside, and above the tank, place the inner boot.
6
When assembling the front axle of this vehicle, consider the camber. First weld the bottom, and it's ball bearings. The front and rear axles attach to the frame with bolts, clamps and telescopic shock absorbers.
7
Torque from the engine of the vehicle to the rear of the bridge can be transmitted to the propeller shaft from "Volga". The choice of this element due to its simplicity, reliability and ease of installation. However, there is one important caveat: the bore hole of the propeller shaft from the Volga and the engine of the Oise may not be the same, so the flanges of the axle and gearbox will blow the adapter.
Note
Fixing all elements of the vehicle must be performed efficiently.
Useful advice
The principle of building a Rover: reliability plus simplicity. Remember it, creating your vehicle.

Advice 2 : How to make a trunk on UAZ

If you use the car UAZ for multi-day journeys the space inside the cabin and trunk at night turns into a sleeping compartment. Marching all reserves moved to the top of the trunk. If any, of course. In addition, the upper trunk will be useful for transportation of oversized, polluting and other goods, or otherwise not suitable for carriage in the cabin.
How to make a trunk on UAZ
You will need
  • 1. Tube size 20x20x1.5 number 24 m
  • 2. Pipe size 25х28х1.5 in the amount of 7.5 m
  • 3. Pipe size 15x15x1.5 in an amount of 1.5 m
  • 4. Mounting plate, welding wire, nuts, bolts, amplifiers.
  • 5. Paint.
Instruction
1
To complete the bottom perimeter of the trunk and uprights at the corners of the head tube size is 28х25. The upright reinforcing side walls of the trunk run from the pipes 15x15. The rest of the pipe take 20x20. Forming a base pipe of the dimension 20x20, set on edge to give maximum rigidity. And prevaricate them at a distance of not more than 220 mm that you can safely stand on the trunk.
2
Angled front trunk make the hollow inside and the sides of weld nuts. They are useful for mounting on the trunk of the tent. To enhance the structural strength, these hollow uprights weld amplifiers.
3
The size of the inner part of the trunk is selected based on the brands UAZand sizes and set up tents. So for a double tent will fit size 1440х1900 mm.
4
The front part of the trunk install the unit auxiliary lights. The optimum set, which may consist of a chandelier, should include four main lights, two floodlights, loudspeaker and air horn. Before the block additional lights provide mounting of strikers branches.
5
On the back of the trunk install mounting brackets reversing lights so that the headlights themselves are located between the trunk and roof.
6
In addition, provide a mounting bracket of the SV-antenna. Wiring must be routed inside the tubes. So be careful about the necessary technological holes and the wire for pulling wires.
7
In order to securely attach a roof rack without welding, inside the cabin on the ceiling install two plates of 5-mm metal with screw holes. In the roof do the desired number of 9-mm holes. To ensure the density of the inner plate over it with mastic. Between the rear roof pillars and outside lay the plastic strip and pull the bolts with the sealing composition.
Useful advice
Other variants of fastening of the upper trunk, it is possible to use welding in the area of the drains. Or attachment to standard rails.

Advice 3 : How to make the most tuning UAZ

Tuning UAZ there are two pitfalls. The first is the process of tuning UAZ is so fascinating that it almost never fails to finish. Therefore, it is best to carry out the tuning in stages. Second caveat – the UAZ, like any SUV, it is very sensitive to eretailing. This negatively affects the terrain increases the loading of the suspension. So avoid unnecessary details. All work on the tuning, start with the most basic and important operations.
How to make the most tuning UAZ
Instruction
1
Replace the wheels. This is the first and most important step in the increased permeability of the Oise. To do this, select the tire with the outer diameter 31, 33 or 35 inches. Wheels to do this, replace the 15-inch. They are cheaper and more prevalent in the market. The model and the tread pattern define depending on the purpose of tuning. Select the universal or the category of all terrain tires. In most cases, the price of pleasure will be up to 18000 p for the wheel Assembly.
2
The second stage tuning smoothly follows from the first. To new wheels did not touch the arches on turns and bumps, guide the Elevator body. To do this, place additional spacers between the frame and the wheel and the arch trim. Everything else, the body lift will also improve the permeability of the Oise. The cost of this stage depends on the level of littuania and most likely will not exceed 15000 p
3
For holding suspension tuning, install an additional leaf spring and replace the shock absorbers on the more energy-intensive and long stroke. In some cases you will need to install two shock absorbers per wheel. At this stage, get ready to spend about 10,000 p.
4
Standard bridges of the Oise is either civilian or military (with reducers) or axles of the "Spicer". They all require additional equipment devices for differential locks. These devices can be either enforces or self-locking. If you have no skills and experience with locking differentials, limited slip select option. The average cost of installing the locks would amount to about 20,000 R for the bridge.
5
On older or budget models UAZ install disc brakes. They are less worn out during the dirt, more safely tolerate the fording, extend the track of the SUV (increasing resistance). It costs 15000 p
6
To overcome the grave fords and mud baths, seal the neck of the lubrication system, makesup on the crankcase of the engine and ventilation system transmission, transfer case, axles. Install the upper intake – the snorkel. All water-sensitive electrical details set as high as possible. High-voltage wires deliver high quality. The cost of this phase will be from 5000 rubles and above.
7
Install a more powerful bumper. They may be just a thick tube or a specially purchased option, and the bumper of his own design. Take care of censuring, videotraining (ropes-wires), the thresholds, additional roof rack. Protect important parts of the vehicle floor. Floor plate easy-to-clean aluminum panels. The cost of the work in the most cost-effective option will be 10,000 R.
8
For the final preparation to overcome the lack of roads get a winch and a Jack of the type "hi-Jack". Install kit auxiliary lights on the roof, the high-performance compressor to adjust tire pressure. With all this, there is a need for two batteries and a more powerful generator. A complete set of such additional equipment will cost 15-50 thousand.
9
To improve comfort in the cabin of UAZ is possible by installing hinged Windows or electric Windows (it is more difficult and more expensive) as well as tie-hunting of the hatch. Install instead of military seats soft comfortable chairs. Use a steering damper will solve the problem of yaw on the road, and the use of Gura – the issue of heavy steering (especially when installing large and heavy wheels). The steering wheel replace the soft imported model is heated. Installation of pre-heater like a Webasto, which solves the problem of starting the engine in cold weather. For longer trips, provide system navigation and communication, for hunting – stands and mounts for weapons. The cost of this phase is determined only by the owner of the Oise.
Useful advice
1.The first three steps seriously increase ground clearance, the height and center of gravity of the car. And this increases the possibility of overturning on roads and on a good road. Therefore, strive not with a facelift without the need for it.

Advice 4 : How to make a self-propelled vehicle with sonar

Continuing the theme of toy ATVs with Arduino. We have already done with your jeep on the radio from a smartphone via Bluetooth. Now make a vehicle that drives itself, go around obstacles and signals "lights on" turn or stop.
Toy vehicle with sonar
You will need
  • - Arduino UNO or equivalent;
  • - ultrasonic distance meter (ultrasonic module) HC-SR04 or similar;
  • - the motor driver L9110S or equivalent;
  • - tracked platform for the tank Pololu Zumo or equivalent;
  • a piece of fiberglass the size of the Board or Arduino shield for prototyping;
  • - 2 motor, suitable to the selected chassis;
  • - 2 white LEDs (front "lights"), 2 red LEDs (rear "lights") and 4 180-220 Ohm resistor;
  • - batteries (1 "Crown" or penlight 4-6);
  • - connecting wires;
  • - soldering iron;
  • computer;
  • - fasteners - 6-10 bolts M2,5, washers, nuts to them.
Instruction
1
First, collect the platform. In a previous article we have discussed in detail how to make the chassis of the toy vehicle. Here the steps will be exactly the same. Why dwell on it will not. Collected the chassis for all-terrain vehicle with installed on them with an Arduino Board shown in the photo.
Chassis self-propelled toy vehicle
2
It is now the turn for electronics. First, consider the wiring diagram. Please note that all the LEDs are connected through resistors with a nominal value of about 200 Ohms. The sonar is connected to two arbitrary digital pins to the Arduino and +5V. Driver connection of the motors to the Arduino and to the motors shown in the diagram. If you have any uncertainty, read the previous article where we discussed this in more detail, or ask questions in the comments.
Connection diagram of the toy vehicle
3
Gather on the diagram above, the heart and brain of our toy ATV. You can mount everything on a circuit Board is much easier for installation and possible future modifications. The photo electronic components are placed on a special Silde for prototyping for Arduino UNO. The sonar looks straight ahead movement of the vehicle. Rear LEDs will simulate the stop-signal lights, front, respectively - headlights.
Collect the electronics of toy vehicle
4
Time to write a program for the management of our vehicle. The code of the sketch (programs for Arduino) shown in the illustration.
The main caveat in this sketch to work with sonar. The point is that we send a short pulse trigger measure the delay time of the echo - reflection and time delay determined by the distance to the target. If the distance is less than the specified (in the sketch - 20 cm), the Rover inspects it.
The control algorithm of the engines we considered in the previous article. When you turn the Rover will include a "turn signal", when stopping - brake. When an obstacle is detected will be included headlights, and the Rover will drive around it. To the vehicle was more "intelligent", let us ask him a random direction around obstacles.
The comments in the code explain the whole program in more detail.
Sketch for a toy vehicle
5
"Pour" a sketch in an Arduino (we have already discussed in past articles several options how to load a program with an Arduino). Connect the shield with electronic components of the Rover to the Board Arduino. The power supplied. And watch our the Rover "alive".
Ready self-propelled toy vehicle
Useful advice
Order all the parts in the Chinese online stores. It will be 4 times cheaper than buying it in regular stores. But will have to wait, on average about 1 month.
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