Advice 1: How to restore the pan

Over time, the coating of the pans wear out, and preparing the food starts to burn and stick. Cast iron, aluminum and stainless steel cookware can be restored, unlike Teflon, damage which is dangerous for health. In order to return the pans lost properties, it is enough to use the ingredients that are in every home.
How to restore the pan
You will need
  • Sol;
  • - vegetable oil;
  • - water.
Instruction
1
When restoring a pan, open the window. Chad and smell that will come from the dishes during the procedure, should be allowed to leave the premises. In addition, include the hood.
2
Heavily soiled, heat the pan over high heat. In a bowl pour enough salt. Heat it for one hour, stirring occasionally. Salt will gradually become a darker shade.
3
Sprinkle the salt and rinse the pan. Again preheat cookware on high heat. In a heated pan pour vegetable oil. Leave the oil to heat for 40 minutes.
4
Drain excess oil, cool the pan to the oil hissed. The last stage to restore the pan to boil water in it several times. In the process of boiling will keep the whole Deposit. Clean cast-iron pan, wipe with a dry cloth or paper towel.
5
Restore the non-stick coating on a cast iron skillet, which you have previously cleared. To do this, liberally grease the dishes with vegetable oil. Put the pan in a preheated 160-180 ° C oven and leave for an hour.
6
Aluminum pan or stainless steel cookware will reset in the following way. Glow capacity on high heat. Pour into the pan iodized salt evenly. The layer should be at least 1 cm.
7
Warm salt for half an hour. It absorbs the organic food residues and cleanse the pores of the metal. Pour the salt of a metal of the pan, wipe the utensils with a dry cloth or tissue.
8
New frying pan with Teflon coating before using to prevent from fouling. But from the damage it can protect you alone, if you use the utensils carefully without scratching the surface with sharp metal blades.
9
Pour into the pan with water almost to the brim. Boil the water for 10 minutes, then drain the liquid. Place a large Teflon coating a drop of vegetable oil and distribute throughout the pan.

Advice 2: How to clean a Teflon pan?

Often, dishes with non-stick coating becomes unusable. The cause of this is improper care. Sometimes people in the care of the utensils do not take into account the characteristics of the material of which it is made. Properlyto clean a Teflon pan will help you a very easy and fast way.
Teflon cookware requires good care
You will need
  • 2 tablespoons of baking powder, half a Cup of water
Instruction
1
Since the Teflon is very easy to scratch, for cooking, use a smooth spatula. Never use metal shovels as well as knives or forks to flip your food. Don't eat from the pan and don't try anything to cut. Accessories spices, burnt foods as well as salt crystals and bones easily scratch Teflon coating. If you cook in Teflon cookware meals, try to add water, and when frying use oil or fat.
2
Not rakes leftover food from the pan. To clean just pour in a little hot water and rinse in the sink. Extreme temperatures can cause delamination of the non stick layer. Never place a hot pan under a stream of cold water.
3
When washing dishes do not use hard or metal sponge. Immediately after cooking, wash the pan with hot water and a soft sponge. As a detergent suitable conventional gel for washing dishes.
4
When washing the pan can also be used in a very simple way. Take a glass and fill it half with clean water. In the panyou wish to clean, pour a glass of water. Add two tablespoons of baking powder. Turn on the stove, put it on the pan and bring everything to a boil. Cool water and wipe the walls of the Teflon pans with a soft cloth.
5
If you don't have time to wash the pan, just fill it with water to the brim and add detergent. Keep in mind, if residues of grease and food stuck to the pan, then pull them off to get only part of the Teflon layer.
6
When cooking, keep in mind that the rapid destruction of the non-stick layer contributes to excessive heat. In addition, when heated above 200 degrees, Teflon begins to emit toxic substances that will get into food.

Advice 3: How to clean aluminum pan

Aluminum pan heats up quickly, is durable and is perfect for boiling milk. Over time, it forms a film which spoils the appearance and may be hazardous to health.
How to clean aluminum pan
You will need
  • Silicate clay, soda ash, ammonia, dishwashing detergent, baking soda, citric acid, vinegar.
Instruction
1
Aluminum pan can not be cleaned with a stiff metal brushes. This way you will damage the metal and utensils will quickly lose luster. It is forbidden to use abrasive cleaners. Aluminum frying pan may darken after washing in the dishwasher.
2
Clean aluminum pan can be people's way. In a large pot, pour 80 ml office silicate glue, which should be pre-diluted with water. Add 100 g of soda ash. Pour water and dip the pan. Place the container on the fire and bring to a boil. Leave it for 30-40 minutes. Remove the pan and wash as usual. Then rinse under running water. After this treatment, the carbon softened.
3
Aluminium pans should be washed with warm water. Use baking soda and ammonia, which copes well with fat as well as liquid dishwashing. After be sure to rinse the dishes under running water.
4
Take 10 grams of borax pharmacy, dissolve in a glass of warm water and add to the mixture a few drops of ammonia. Soak the sponge for washing dishes in the solution and clean aluminum pan. Rinse dishes in a large quantity of water.
5
For cleansing aluminum pans you can use baking soda. Mix it with water to make a slurry. Then with a sponge wash the pan. This method effectively removes dirt and does not damage the metal, but will have to spend a lot of time and effort.
6
To clear the pan from the burnt food, use checked by experienced Housewives method. Pour water and add 2 teaspoons of citric acid. Bring to a boil and set aside the dishes for a while. Then wash the pan as usual.
7
If the pan has lost its former luster, use vinegar. Dampen a rag in the tool, and clean the dishes. Stains from burnt food, wipe with a sliced Apple.

Advice 4: How to restore cast-iron bath

Often to restore a cast iron bath is necessary in case if the old throw not only pathetic, but quite expensive. There are three ways of restoration of such baths. The first is to cover cast iron bathtub enamel, second way is "cheating", and the third is the so-called acrylic liner.
How to restore cast-iron bath
Instruction
1
Method of restoring cast iron bathtubs enamel by attracting affordable price. For starters, get a special enamel. And then with a brush manually cover it a bath.
2
Apply enamel top – sides down, to the bottom, so you minimize the possible damage. You can use a roller, but the enamel consumption will increase slightly. Do not try to fill from the first time, it is possible to apply several layers. After a bath do not use within three days. During this time it should be dry.
3
Following the way of restoration with a dusty and time-consuming. It is a method called "cheating". It is used if the cast iron is chipped and deep cracks. Find old sheet and have a large amount of unnecessary papers. The essence of the method is as follows: by pouring the liquid stakril instantly fill all voids and depressions, the surface of the bath at the same lines. Bathtub can be used after about four days. Compared with the previous method, this method provides perfect smoothness of the surface of the bath and extends its lifespan for a longer period of time.
4
And finally, the third method is the restoration of the surface of a cast iron bath using acrylic liner that is a solid acrylic. You can hear another name of this method, namely "tub in tub", because the essence of this method is that a liner from a solid acrylic is put on the tub on top, and then attached to its sides. But first you need to make this liner, making pre-measurements of the bath.
5
Using any of the above methods can be a long time to return a cast iron bath to its original form. But, it is important to comply with all terms of the care of the restored bathroom. In this case, the enamel will last another ten years. It should be noted that the restoration of cast iron baths is a guarantee of its long service, and reasonable savings. And if your choice did you stop on the white enamel, it will be especially noticeable novelty and purity of your updated bath.

Advice 5: Marking of stainless steel in Russia and abroad

Stainless steel is one of the most common types of metal used in many industries. For specific purposes steel is available in different types that are marked according to domestic and foreign nomenclature.
Round bars stainless steel
The main property of stainless steel - almost complete resistance to corrosion under the influence of natural oxidation and aggressive environments. This feature became evident due to the higher chromium content in the original alloy. Also composed of stainless steel have the impurity of Nickel and various related production and brings additional properties of the elements: carbon, manganese, phosphorus, silicon, titanium and others. Depending on the percentage of additives is determined by the steel grade, which is recorded in accordance with Russian or international standards.

Labelling of stainless steel according to GOST


In the CIS countries is the most intuitive scheme for marking stainless steel. In accordance with the state standardization of production, any grade of stainless steel has the General form: 00Х11Н22М3, where each letter represents a chemical element and the number that comes after it - the contents of this element in the alloy. That is, the grade of steel 03Х17Н14М2 contains about 17% chromium, 14% Nickel and 2% molybdenum. In addition to these substances present in the steel and other components, the precise content of which can be found in the special table.

Brand stainless steel in accordance with AISI


American standard does not always indicate the brand name, the composition of the alloy, and defines only the group and the family of stainless steels or product code. The entry of the brand has the following form: AISI 304 or AISI N08904. Exact match grades of steel and their composition can be set specifically for the table. In any case, the brand of wide application consists of three digits, and beginning with literal prefix N or S are special trains, which have no analogues in the domestic system of notation.

German marking stainless steel


German manufacturer assigns a product code stainless steel grades which are closest to the standard CIS. The notation is called DIN, and the overall record marks about the following: X3CrNiMnMoNbN 23-17-5-3. That is, at the beginning of the notation specifies the type of stainless steel, followed by a listing of chemical elements that are present in the alloy as impurities, and in the end, you specify the content of these elements in the same order in which they were listed.

Stainless steel with European label


In Europe for steel grades accepted a conditional designation of the type 1.4301. The specified steel grade, for example, is an analogue of 08X18H10 in the notation of the CIS countries. In Europe it is customary to specify only the numeric code of the alloy, and the exact chemical composition and the appointment of a metal is determined by the tabular method.

Advice 6: How to use a pan with a damaged non-stick coating

Frying pans with non-stick coating are now very popular among Housewives who love to cook delicious meals. But over time this coating can become damaged, which introduces the myth of the Teflon getting into food and causing severe disease. So what is the non-stick coating and is it possible to use the frying pan if it is damaged?
How to use a pan with a damaged non-stick coating

All about the non-stick coating



Non-stick frying pan coatings made from PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene), which is inert and safe material, consisting of carbon and fluorine. This material has excellent non-stick properties and will not react to alkalis, acids, solvents and oxidizing agents. Chemical resistance PTFE exceeds the resistance of all known precious metals and synthetic materials.
Polytetrafluoroethylene is resistant to high temperatures and does not react with household chemicals, food and water.


Use a pan with a damaged non-stick coating is permitted, since the particles that enter the body are removed from it in a natural way and is not broken down by digestive enzymes. The manufacturers recommend heating the pan more than 230 degrees because of the butter at this temperature, start to smolder, releasing carcinogens and making the food less healthy. However, the modern frying pan with non-stick coating does not require the use of large quantities of oil or do not need it.

Using a damaged fryer: is there any harm?



Most often the non-stick coating is damaged fork, knife, hard washing sponges and extreme temperature changes. Such properties are partially lost, and the food begins to burn – however, the oxide film formed on the coating when in contact with air, does not allow the metal to get to the products. Use a pan with a damaged coating can be the same as immediately after its purchase, the only important condition is – you should not store food in the pan, putting it together with the contents in the fridge.
Polytetrafluoroethylene is the substance that is biologically compatible with the human body, which is often used in medicine.


Wash the damaged pan to gently and soft sponge which will not "hurt" the non-stick coating even more. Today, you can find Teflon, ceramic and titanium coating is damaged Teflon use is strongly not recommended, but high-quality ceramic and titanium are not cheap, but safe fun. However, according to many experienced mistresses, the best and inexpensive solution for cooking are the traditional pans without non-stick coating.

Advice 7: How to clean burnt pan

Even with very careful handling of kitchenware in life there are situations when foods burn in the frying process. In order to easily clean the pan and don't damage it, you need to consider the properties of the material from which it is created, and know the little tricks.
How to clean burnt pan
You will need
  • - baking soda;
  • - coarse sea salt;
  • - vinegar;
  • - glue stationery;
  • - soda ash.
Instruction
1
The easiest way to wash a frying pan with Teflon coating. To do this, soak it in warm water with a detergent, then carefully remove the burnt food with a soft sponge. Use abrasives and harsh scourers, wire or surface mounted. In that case, if burnt food is strictly not washed from the bottom of Teflon pans that last one best part, because this can happen if the Teflon is not a quality or during the operation has managed to lose all of its properties. This fryer can be dangerous for health.
2
The pan is made from aluminium brushing with ordinary baking soda. This material is sensitive to acids, so the use of alkaline substances is impossible. From the wire pads on the surface of the soft aluminum can stay deep scratches, which food will burn to the pan regularly.
3
To wash a cast iron pan you can, if you boil it for several minutes in a tablespoon of coarse salt, covered with vinegar so that the liquid completely covers the bottom of the pans. When the solution comes to a boil, add a tablespoon of baking soda. When the vinegar is almost completely evaporated, remove the pan from the heat and rinse under running water.
4
Burnt frying pan stainless steel wash off if you fall asleep Nagar coarse salt. In this condition leave the pan for a couple of hours, then wash with a sponge.
Useful advice
If soot remains in the pan and after cleaning, to give dish the original purity can boil it in a solution from a bottle of paper glue and cups of soda ash. You just need to find a pan that the pan will fit completely. After 1.5-2 hours boiling Nagar easily behind the walls. A similar procedure can be carried out with any pans, in addition to Teflon.
Is the advice useful?
Search