Advice 1: How to determine the coordinates of a point on the map

It is often necessary to pass information about the location of any object to another person. In any case, the most accurate will be the information containing the geographic coordinates of the place. But first they need to identify.
How to determine the coordinates of a point on the map
You will need
  • - map of the area;
  • meter.
Instruction
1
Every coordinate system must have a point of reference and at least two axes of abscissa and ordinate. On Earth the x-axis is the equator line equidistant from the North and South poles and divides the globe in half. The second axis is the y – coordinate is conventionally adopted for starting the Greenwich Meridian. The distance North or South of the equator and East or West of the Meridian in degrees from 0 to 90 and 0 to 180 respectively, and will determine the coordinates of the point.
2
Each map displays the scale of the earth's surface on a plane in Mercator projection. For convenience, the card is divided into Parallels and meridians. Parallels are horizontal lines of the equator. Meridians are plotted vertically and on the map they, in turn, also parallel to each other and the zero Meridian.
3
Decide in which hemisphere this object is located – North or South, East or West of Greenwich. Depending on the required accuracy will determine the scale of the map. For example, it is the Northern hemisphere East of the zero Meridian.
4
Locate the selected card required object. Take a meter and put one leg to the desired point, and the other, extending, bring to below lying parallel. Move the meter without knocking the raster to the left or right edge of the card.
5
On the coordinate scale, place one leg of meter on the same parallel. Count the number of minutes or seconds to the place where stood the second needle, and add them to the number indicated on Parallels. Record the coordinate, for example: 50 degrees, 35 minutes, 20 seconds North latitude.
6
In the same way with a meter lock removing the point from the nearest line to the left of the Meridian. Move the raster to the top or bottom coordinate of the scale. Add the deletion to the value on the Meridian and note. For example: 96 degrees, 15 minutes, 26 seconds East longitude. Coordinates removed.

Advice 2 : How to determine latitude and longitude on the map

The globes and maps has its own coordinate system. Because of this they can be used to find any object on our planet. Geographic coordinates are longitude and latitude, these angular values are measured in degrees. They can be used to determine the position of the object on the surface of our planet relative of the Prime Meridian and the equator.
How to determine latitude and longitude on the map
Instruction
1
Find parallel, which is the selected object, and determine his latitude. This coordinate defines the angle between the equator and the vertical line at the selected point. Latitude Parallels are marked on the frame geographical maps and is measured from 0 to 90 degrees. In the southern hemisphere latitudes are South and North - North. For example, Cairo (capital of Egypt) is located North of the equator and is located on the parallel of 30°. Consequently, one of its coordinates - 30° North latitude.
2
Learn to determine the latitude of the object if it is located between the Parallels. To do this, define the latitude Parallels are closest to the selected object, and then add to it the number of degrees of the Meridian arc from the object to the parallel. For example, the capital of Russia is located to the North of the parallel of 50°. Between it and the parallel of 6°. It turns out that Moscow is situated at 56° North latitude.
3
Find Meridian, which is the selected object, and determine its longitude. Longitude is the angle between the Meridian on which your property is located, and the initial Meridian. Its value can be between 0 to 180°. Usually the map longitude indicated at the intersections of the equator with the Meridian. Longitude, which is East of the Prime Meridian is called the Eastern, West - West. For example, St. Petersburg is located 30 degrees East of the zero Meridian, so its coordinate 30° East longitude.
4
Try to determine the longitude of the object, located between the meridians. To locate the nearest longitude Meridian with respect to the zero and add the number of degrees of arc Parallels between your object and the Meridian. For example, the Russian capital is 8° East of the Meridian of 30°, then its coordinate is 38° Eastern longitude.

Advice 3 : How to find a place by coordinates

With a steadily growing business, or personal interests, it is sometimes necessary to carry out frequent travel to cities or places where there never was. There is a probability to get lost or to be lost. To avoid such a sad outcome to your visit, it is important to always accurately set the correct coordinates of the final destination.
How to find a place by coordinates
Instruction
1
Subject to finding required destination within a specific locality specify only the mail address with the names of cities and streets, rooms of the house (flat). This purpose get to travel, set your car Navigator, which is currently represented at various levels of hardware complexity and cost. Set the data type in the Navigator, which itself will pave the optimal route. When traveling, follow the guidelines displayed on the display device. But do not trust him 100%. For the opportunity to personally ask about the movement of other drivers and pedestrians.
2
To determine the coordinates of its location means install the intersection of longitude (East or West) and latitude (North or South) showing the digital expression of the desired Meridian or parallel with the required accuracy to degrees, minutes or seconds. For this purpose, use public services provided to individuals official providers information satellite systems, the Russian GLONASS or us GPS.To map a specific place, take a reference location relative to two (possibly more) long-term fixed objects and landmarks that are available in the area. As these benchmarks use solid structures, and artificial landscape features (ditches and rivers). The binding location perform by specifying the guides of the motion vectors of the selected reference points. Guidelines for the direction of motion detect or according to compass directions, or by way of motion that must change in strict accordance with the existing map.
3
Directly on the ground, always use small-scale maps, and to establish the ways possible approaches — use a medium-sized location plans.

Advice 4 : How to determine the coordinates of the location

You want to show your friends location on the map where you are going to relax the whole company. Maybe you do astronomy, and you need to determine the coordinates of the observation point to document an important discovery. How to do it?
How to determine the coordinates of the location
Instruction
1
Use Google Earth. For this you need computer or laptop connected to the Internet. Click on the link http://www.google.com/intl/ru/earth/download/ge/agree.html. Click on the "Accept and download" and follow the instructions to install the program Google Earth.
2
Run the program and wait until the screen appears the image of the globe. Pressing and holding the left mouse button, rotate the Orb so that the area where you are, was right in front of you. Using the mouse wheel to gradually bring the image of the ball's surface, gradually changing the scale in the direction of increase.
3
At first the image will be severely blurred and pixeltan. Do not pay attention to it, as gradually the picture will become clearer: it is loaded into the cache on your computer for more detailed photos of the area.
4
Note the numbers at the bottom of the screen. They show current coordinates: latitude, longitude and altitude above sea level. These figures vary depending on where you move the cursor.
5
Continue to adjust your location by moving the mouse cursor while holding left button and zoom in with her wheel until, until you find the image of the surrounding area. You can even see the house where you are, cars and people captured by a camera at the time when I take pictures.
6
When you see on the image place your immediate location, note the coordinates displayed at the bottom. This is what you need. Place a link to a point within the service or send the coordinates to friends in text form. They will be able to find you through the search coordinates in Google Earth or by typing the link in the memory of his Navigator.

Advice 5 : How to find latitude and longitude on the map

Any point on the terrain has its own geographic coordinates. With the advent of gps accurate positioning ceased to be a problem, but the ability to understand the map – in particular, to establish the latitude and longitudeis still quite relevant.
How to find latitude and longitude on the map
You will need
  • - A globe or world map.
Instruction
1
If you have a globe, to understand the concepts of latitude and longitude is very simple. But, in its absence, sufficient and normal maps. To start, locate on the globe or the map , the equator and the poles, North (top) and South (bottom).
2
The equator divides the globe (the globe) into two halves: the top, she is North and bottom – South. Note the Parallels – the circle line, encircling the globe along the equator. These lines set the latitude. At the equator it is equal to zero, as you move towards the poles increases to 90°.
3
Locate on a globe or map of your locality – for example, Moscow. Let's see what Parallels it is, you should have 55°. This means that Moscow is at 55° North latitude. North, because it lies to the North of the equator. If you, for example, searched for the coordinates of Sydney, he would have been 33° South latitude, because it lies South of the equator.
4
Now look at the map of England and its capital London. Please note that it is through this town passes one of the Meridian – lines extending between the poles. Near London Greenwich Observatory is, places made to count longitude. Therefore, the longitude of which is the Observatory is 0°. Everything that is West of Greenwich to 180°, refers to the West longitude. That to the East and up to 180° - East longitude.
5
Based on the above, you can determine the longitude of Moscow – it is equal to 37°. In practice, to pinpoint the location of the settlement is determined not only degrees, but also minutes, and sometimes seconds. Therefore, the exact geographical coordinates are: 55 degrees 45 minutes North latitude (55°45?) and 37 degrees 37 minutes East longitude (37°38?). The geographical coordinates mentioned above of Sydney, lying in the southern hemisphere, is equal to 33° 52' South latitude and 151° 12' East longitude.
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