Advice 1: How to make krakelyurnogo varnish

Very trendy and stylish look of the product using decoupage technique, decorated with "antique" craquelure. The surface of such products looks like a cracked from time to time. To create a mesh of cracks is possible to buy one - and two-component varnishes. However, they are usually quite expensive, so if you have just started to do crafts, you can try to make an analogue krakelyurnogo varnish yourself.
How to make krakelyurnogo varnish
You will need
  • - acrylic paint
  • - brush
  • - sponge (sponge)
  • - Hairdryer
  • - furniture lacquer PF-283
  • - wheat dextrin
  • - PVA glue
Instruction
1
With the help of furniture varnish PF-283, which is a solution of alkyd resins, it is easy to produce an analogue krakelyurnogo varnish. Apply a coat of varnish to the surface of a decorated item and wait 3-4 hours. The varnish should be slightly sticky.
2
Apply second layer of acrylic paint and once dry the product on a Hairdryer. Cracks will depend on the method of application of the top layer of paint. If you apply it with a brush, the cracks will follow the movement of the brush. If it is desirable to obtain the mesh, the top layer must be applied with a sponge-sponge.
3
Leave to dry the finished product of not less than 36 hours.
4
For the manufacture of krakelyurnogo varnish you can also use wheat dextrin, which is a heat treated starch. The powder of dextrin, add boiling water and dissolve on a water bath to the consistency of liquid yogurt.
5
The well-dried finished the work necessary to put a thick layer of glossy lacquer on water base and let it dry.
6
After that you need to apply the prepared dextrin with a brush, as thick and allow to dry for one hour in a natural way.
7
There is also a method of creating a simulation krakelyurnogo varnish using PVA glue. Paint a thick layer of PVA glue all the surface and allow the glue to dry to tacky condition.
8
Allow the glue to dry to tacky condition.
Note
Do not use krakelyurnogo varnish near the open fire sources. Work in a well-ventilated area, rubber gloves, personal protective equipment. When you hit a nail on the skin, wash it with warm water and soap.
Useful advice
- Do not hurry up to process the entire surface of the product immediately (especially if it's big, but you have little experience). It is best to start kekeliruan from inconspicuous areas where it will not be visible errors.
- The thickness of the layer krakelyurnogo varnish depends on the thickness desired cracks.
Really old, the surface looks a little different than krakelyura, and usually one glance is enough to distinguish an original from a fake.

Advice 2: How to open a dried varnish

The days when nail Polish was very difficult to get and buy are long gone. However, every woman in the beautician is certainly the most favorite bottle of varnish, which is almost dried up, but continues to be the best in your collection of shades. And, of course, the second such not to find anywhere else! What do you do if one day you are horrified to find that the cap is tightly stuck to the bottle, and open it does not seem to be absolutely no way?
How to open a dried varnish
You will need
  • Hot water, liquid varnish remover, wire cutters, a towel.
Instruction
1
No need to panic. Your favorite nail Polish can still be saved. He's just in the place where the cover comes into contact with the neck of the bottle, dry, tightly securing the two parts of the bottle together. The simplest thing you can do in this situation is to heat up your nail Polish. Put the bottle in a container of water and put on the stove. Bring to a boil not necessary, just a good warm up. After the lacquer heats up and becomes more plastic, the bottle can be opened. Good wipe it with a dry cloth or towel and sharply turn the cover. Should work.
2
If the paint has dried on the border of the bottle and you see his marks on her shoulders, you can try to open it the quick way with the help of liquid varnish remover or plain acetone. Generously soak a cotton wool and liquid nail Polish remover and cover the shoulders of the bottle in the place where the visible leak. The liquid will quickly dissolve dried lacquer on the outside, you will be able to open the bottle. By the way, if you really have to clean the bottle in this way, be sure to remove the remnants of dried Polish not only the shoulders of the bottle, but also a place where thread. It is here that most often occurs in the drying and bonding the cap to the bottle.
3
The third way to open a Polish – purely mechanical. If you are not near men with strong hands and you already have exhausted the last supply own imagination, you can resort to the most simple and harmless method of opening using wire cutters. Take a bottle of varnish for the handle and forcefully knock her about any solid object or surface. You need to knock the place which is dried up varnish. After a series of good strokes of the varnish films may become loose and the bottle is easier to open. Now take the wire cutters and firmly holding the bottle, begin to Unscrew the lid. The method is not especially original, but works in 99% of cases.
Note
If you decide to open a nail with wire cutters, be sure to calculate the pressure force. If the pressure on the cap too hard it might just crumble. Then the paint will have to be thrown away.
Useful advice
Whichever way you decide to open a dried paint, first it is necessary to slightly heat up in hot water. This will make it more soft and pliable and will greatly facilitate your work.

Advice 3: Where used bakelite varnish

Bakelite varnishes are solutions of resins in alcohol-based, made using the condensation of phenol and formaldehyde. The catalyst in the chemical reaction in this case is ammonia, which gives the varnish odor.
Where used bakelite varnish
Bakelite varnishes are used for coating various surfaces, their main purpose is to protect equipment from the effects of агре6ссивной industrial water, weak and strong acids. Also, these paints are used for painting gas tanks and as connecting means for laminated plastics. In contrast to many analogues, bakelite varnish may be used for impregnation and even gluing pieces of highly adhesive materials.

Manufacturer of varnish



For preparing bakelite lacquer is used of the phenol, formalin, ammonia water and ethanol. Phenol is an organic compound which is completely soluble in water and solidifies at temperatures above 40o C. formalin is a transparent liquid with a low degree of reactivity, phenol is considered a poison. The ammonia water is 20% aqueous solution of ammonia. Ethyl alcohol or ethanol is a colourless thin liquid, the product of the distillation of carbonaceous products. The result is a transparent solution that can be as red, and brown.

The shelf life of the lacquer should not exceed three months from the date of its manufacture.

Types of paint



Bakelite varnishes are of different varieties:
- Lbs-1 and lbs-2 (top grade),
- Lbs-4,
- Lbs-5,
- SBS-1,
- Lbs-8,
- Lbs-16,
- Lbs-20 lbs-29.

Depending on the brand varies with the percentage of the above substances in the resin varnish. In the result, change its properties and functions. So, for example, varnish lbs-4 is used for the production of plastics with mineral fillers and SBS-1 for the production of wood plastics and plywood.

The main task of bakelite varnish is the creation of a thin protective film, which may consist of inorganic and organic polymers. This film does not change the color of the surface, hides imperfections and prevents the penetration of moisture into the product. A feature of this Polish is the vegetable oil part of it. Also, the bakelite varnish is cellulose, which is pre-processed.
Properties of bakelite varnish will not change if you add the dye, so you can easily find the right color of nail Polish.


The use of bakelite varnish at home is complicated by the fact that after applying the Polish on clean and dry surface must be exposed to heat, gradually increasing the temperature to 160оС. In the end (after 20 seconds) will be the polymer film, which will last a long time if the ambient temperature is above 20 ° C, and also excluded a direct effect of sunlight.

Advice 4: Wood varnish for exterior use – the beauty of the material under reliable protection

Working with wood, craftsmen strive to preserve its texture. This is possible using a tool like varnish. Coatings, wood made on a different basis, so their properties as the drying period varies.
Wood, lacquered, longer retains its quality
Lucky for the tree of good that does not hide, but rather emphasize it. But this is typical only for transparent or very light compositions, colored give the tree shade. Varnishes are made of water, alcohol, polyester, acrylic, cellulosic, polyurethane, oil-based.


Some wood varnish to choose?




Varnishes for wood, water-based are odnokomnatnaya. This is the most dolgosrochnuyu compositions among all of these types of coatings for wood. They can be diluted with water, easy to apply, suitable for all types of work.


Varnishes based on polyurethane are inexpensive and dry quickly. They are both one - and two-component. Some of them require precoating of the surface. These compositions diluted with solvents, so they have quite a pungent smell. Mainly used in furniture manufacturing. Among the shortcomings of these tools of wood processing include the availability of harmful substances.


The nitro lacquer is made on the basis of cellulose. This is perhaps the most popular type of varnish, the reason for that – short drying time and low cost. But these compositions have significant disadvantages: low resistance to abrasion and UV radiation and possible delamination.
Acrylic varnishes are more expensive than their counterparts, but are often used in furniture manufacturing because of its excellent light fastness, durability, high-quality gloss. These compounds a very long time to dry, that does not prevent them to be the most popular among those who are passionate about decoupage.


Varnishes based on polyester are used quite rarely because of the complexity of application and high toxicity. They are sprayed in aerosol form, and require a special tool. These compounds are used in the manufacture of musical instruments, as they are able to create a fairly thick layer of the coating.


What a lucky tree suitable for outdoor use?




For external works use cold-resistant, light-resistant, moisture-resistant coating. Only such coatings can reliably protect the wood from rain, wind and sunlight. You cannot apply for wood which is on the street, the compositions forming the non-elastic film. These include the nitro lacquer. In addition, the varnish for exterior use should contain anti-bacterial additives that protect wood from insects and prevent rot.


For outdoor work you can use varnish on acrylic, oil, water-based. Most worthy among these coatings consider high strength yacht varnish. The most popular formulations for exterior grades of "Hello", "Aqua", "Flourishing", "Eurotex", "Bor".
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