Advice 1: How to determine the cluster size

Users of any operating system has ever faced such concept, as a cluster. This word means a certain value, that is, the size of the cell to store files. Typically, this size depends on the memory media.
How to determine the cluster size
You will need
  • The Windows operating system.
Instruction
1
To find out the size of cells (clusters) on the hard disk, it is sufficient to understand how the forms this value. This size is set when formatting the hard disk by the program, the algorithms which are the same for all utilities of this plan. For example, for media with less than 1 GB a size of cluster up to 1 KB to 4 GB, this value is increased to 4 KB, etc.
2
However, it is not always PivotTables programs formatting correct. When you convert from one file system to another the size of a cluster may be equal to some value, for the resulting standard file system. For example, after converting a hard drive from FAT32 to NTFS , the size of the cells storing information does not exceed a value of 512 bytes.
3
There are several ways to quickly find out the size of the clusterwithout installing any additional software. One of them is to check the status of defragmentation, your system or other partitions. To do this, press "start" and select "control Panel". In the opened window, double-click administrative tools.
4
In the window that appears, open the shortcut "computer Management" and go to "data Warehousing" (storage devices). In this unit, you need to run the "disk Defragmenter".
5
Click the "Analyze" button. A few seconds will automatically scan the selected hard disk partition. Click the "view report" to view detailed status information of the hard disk. In the window that appears, note the line "the Size of the cluster". In this example this value is 4 KB, and therefore, the volume of the system partition at least 12 GB.
6
In some cases, information about a selected topic it is better to keep. Click "Save as". In the opened window, specify the saving directory and file name and press Enter.

Advice 2: How to choose a cluster size

The cluster storage device (hard disk, for example) represents the minimum amount of disk space that can be placed files. For clustersconsisting of adjacent sectors, the file system based Windows OS. The question of choice of size of the cluster is relevant when formatting the disk.
How to choose a cluster size
Instruction
1
Open "My computer", then right-click the hard disk icon that you want to format. Click "Format". In the opened window, select file system and set the cluster size to be used by this disk.
2
If you are running Windows 7 or Windows XP with the NTFS file system choosing the size of the cluster vary between 512 bytes and 64 kilobytes. If you are using the FAT file system, then there is no choice, only one option is available to 64 kilobytes. As FAT32 you can choose the amount between 1024 bytes and 32 kilobytes. The widest range of cluster sizes is supported by the file system exFAT – from 512 bytes to 32 Mbytes.
3
Determine which use a cluster size when formatting hard drive. It will depend on the files that will be stored on a flash drive or hard drive. If it will be a small file size, select a smaller cluster size. If the drive is designed for storing video, music, and other files of great volume, would be the optimal choice of the larger size of the cluster.
4
Please note when selecting the size of the cluster is the fact that it represents the minimum amount of space allocated on disk. For example, if the chosen cluster size of 512 bytes, and the file copied to it, weighs 1 byte, it will occupy to store all 512 bytes. Therefore, a large number of small files takes up less space on the disc, where the cluster size is smaller. From another point of view, the larger the cluster, the faster will be the operation of recording and reading information. For the disk on which you are going to copy only movies select the maximum cluster size, and flash, designed to work with documents, install the minimum size.

Advice 3: How to find hard drive size

Hard drive size does not directly affect the power of the computer. But, nevertheless, it depends on how much information you can store on your computer. Even quite capacitive Winchester can be completed in just a few months. To know the capacity of hard disk is quite simple. And if its size will seem too small, do not worry, you can always buy another hard drive.
How to find hard drive size
You will need
  • - Computer with Windows;
  • program AIDA64 Extreme Edition.
Instruction
1
One of the easiest ways to learn the size of the hard disk is the system. Open "My computer". Click on the tab hard disk right-click. In the context menu that appears then, select "Properties".
2
In the resulting window scroll to "Capacity". There will be information available about its capacity. After you learn the capacity of one section, repeat the same operation with the following. Thus, the amount of partitions on your hard disk and will be his total capacity.
3
Also, this information can be learned through numerous diagnostic programs. Download from Internet the program AIDA64 Extreme Edition. Install it on the hard disk of the computer. Run the program.
4
After scanning your system you find yourself in the main menu AIDA64. In the right window select "Computer", and then in the next window - "total information". After a few seconds the program window will display information about all components of a computer.
5
Information will be available in sections. Scroll to the "data Storage". Then find the string "Total size". This string value is the full size of the hard disk.
6
Also in this section will be information about the model name of your hard drive and the producer firm. Clicking on the model name of the hard disk , right-click, you will see the link "product Information". After selecting it, you open the web page where you will be able to find the hard drive.
Useful advice
Hard drive size is almost always slightly less than stated. For example, if you purchased the hard drive to 320 GB, but after checking it turned out that there are only 300 GB, this is not a defect hard drive. This is due to some features of the calculations. Hard drive manufacturers calculate their size in the decimal system.

Advice 4: How to choose the cluster size when formatting

The selection of the correct cluster size allows more efficient to format the flash drive for later storing the desired data. A properly selected cluster to allow the maximum to securely save files on the media information and to arrange a quick exchange of documents between the computer and the flash drive.
How to choose the cluster size when formatting
Instruction
1
Cluster selection must be based on the type of data you want to store on the flash drive. Cluster – the minimum amount of memory that is allocated on the media for one file. For example, if the document has a capacity of 1024 KB and the cluster size was exhibited 2048 KB, the file will occupy the entire volume of the cell, though in fact it has a smaller size.
2
The greater the volume of the memory cell, the less operated to read the data while copying and deleting data. The fewer operations performed by the system, the faster the speed of copying and recording, allowing you to save a little time.
3
Before formatting decide on the type of files that you store on a flash drive. If you plan to use the carrier only as a repository of digital copies of movies or music, you can choose the maximum size of the cluster. You can find it in the settings window of the formatting available when you right click on the device icon in the menu "start" - "Computer" system.
4
If you want to store small documents, for example, any reports, papers or pictures of small volumes, it is desirable to choose a smaller cluster (e.g., 4 KB). After selecting the size of the cell click "format" to save the changes.
5
If you don't know what size of cluster is most suitable to you, leave the value default, which is medium and will allow you to achieve a balance between write speed and volume of the occupied disk space.
Note
It is not necessary to change the settings of the cluster if you plan to perform formatting in FAT or FAT32. Specifies the size of the cells can be correctly made only when converting to NTFS. It should be noted that a variety exFAT also supports changing the cluster.
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