- - groats;
- pan, Bank or thermos.
Advice 2: Like steamed buckwheat
- buckwheat 1 Cup;
- water– 2.5 Cup;
- metal pot with lid or a thermos.
Advice 3: Harmful than hot cereal
Production of quick-cooking oatmeal
Quick-cooking cereals are made by extrusion technology, which is used for drying wafers. Treatment involves the use of high temperatures and pressure. This method allows to reduce the amount of moisture in the raw material, so the porridge can be stored for a long time.
The most safe for health hot cereal, on the package indicated that the product can be used for baby food.
Heat treatment, although it takes a minimum of time, in the production of porridges of instant preparation destroys most of the vitamins contained in the ingredients. Therefore, the use of product will bring a minimum if you bring in at all.
Artificial enrichment with vitamins kas allows to partially compensate for the loss of beneficial effects on human health of substances. The advantage of such cereals is the preservation of some trace elements during thermal processing – zinc, phosphorus, magnesium. Not to say that dry pieces of vegetables and fruit that are included with cereals, harmful. They are produced by the technology of sublimation, i.e., freeze by evaporation of the liquid.
For making "quick" cereals in the course is not the whole grain of buckwheat, millet or rice, and cereals. That is, milled and polished grain. Valuable substances in grain is contained in its shell, which is removed in the manufacture of flakes.
The harm and benefit of porridges of instant preparation
The "fast" porridge that the product was mouth-watering and delicious, the producers generously complement the flavors, flavor enhancers, sugar and other components that affect the quality of the product. Also, the cereals, which need only pour boiling water, contains a lot of starch. It is quickly digested and converted into sugar that can cause the formation of excess weight, diabetes. So hot cereal is often impossible. And, moreover, they replace a complete meal.
Hot cereal is not recommended to eat for people with diseases of the digestive system, diabetics and those who are on a diet.
And yet, much more use to the body you bring, cook regular oatmeal or buckwheat porridge with milk or water. To enrich the dish in valuable substances, add a serving of seasonal fruit, vegetables or honey and berries. In the absence of such, you can replace them with frozen raspberries, currants and other gifts of nature.
Advice 4: Useful porridge in the morning
Oatmeal - the most popular porridge
Oatmeal is one of the most useful. Oatmeal is an integral part of English Breakfast and UK residents have always been known as a zealous attitude to health. This mess for a long time gives a feeling of satiety, it also contains a lot of vitamins and minerals, energizing for the whole day. Women who are on a diet, can also include oatmeal in your diet. Welded on water without sugar, it will not add extra pounds. As for taste, you can add in the cereal, pieces of fresh fruit.
Do not use for cooking oatmeal popular cereal. They are especially treated, losing useful properties.
Buckwheat - the cure for all diseases
Buckwheat can be served in the morning and garnish, in the form of milk porridge. Buckwheat also provides a feeling of satiety for most of the day. Cereal contains fiber, which is essential to proper intestinal function. Also in the rump contains antioxidants and folic acid. Buckwheat is famous for the fact that rids the body of cholesterol and reduces blood pressure. However, it has a lot of starch, which should take into account those diets.
Useful not only buckwheat, but the leaves and flowers of buckwheat.
The millet - porridge undeservedly forgotten
Millet cereal is not as popular as semolina or oatmeal, but it also has many useful properties. Millet contains zinc, copper, manganese, potassium and Niacin, which helps fight cardiovascular disease. The use of millet in the morning normalizes metabolism, helps with weight loss. Also in the porridge contains amino acids which are the building blocks of muscles.
Barley - instead of drugs
Barley porridge is prepared quite difficult - first, it needs to be soaked for a few hours, and then heated in a water bath. However, a plate of barley in the morning, get rid of virus diseases in the period of flu and colds. In pearl barley contains lysine, a substance that helps the body to fight viruses. Also barley removes toxins and helps maintain a beautiful figure.
Semolina - not to get involved
Despite its popularity, semolina is the most useful. It contains a lot of carbohydrates and a small amount of nutrients, and its frequent use can harm the body. However, due to its shielding properties, semolina useful when inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Contrary to popular belief, semolina is not very useful for children, as it negatively affects the absorption of calcium.
Advice 5: Millet porridge with meat: the recipe
How to cook millet porridge with meat
To prepare hearty and delicious millet porridge with meat will need the following ingredients:
- 1 Cup millet;
- 150 g of pulp of beef or pork;
- 2 cups of water or beef broth;
- 1 onion;
- 1 tbsp vegetable oil or lard;
Meat wash, dry and cut into small pieces, like the goulash. Millet, sort and rinse well, changing the water until it becomes transparent. Onion peel and finely chop. Preheat a frying pan vegetable oil or lard and sauté onion in it until Golden.
In portion a clay pot place millet cereal, meat and fried onions. Mix well, pour hot boiled water or cooked in advance and the strained meat broth. Add salt to taste.
Place the pots in a preheated oven and cook millet porridge with meat on low heat for one and a half hours.
Recipe millet porridge with lamb
To cook millet porridge with lamb, it is necessary to take:
- 400 g of millet;
- 500 g of mutton;
- 3 carrots;
- 3 bulbs;
- 3 tbsp ghee;
- 2 tbsp tomato paste;
- 2 Bay leaves;
- ground black pepper;
First of all, well wash the lamb, cut into small pieces and fry in hot melted butter before formation of a crust. Peeled onions finely chop, add to meat and fry together with the mutton.
Carrots carefully wash, peel and grate on a coarse grater. Millet cereal sort and rinse well until water clarity.
Then lay the meat in portioned pots, salt and pepper to taste. Add the Bay leaf, carrots and tomato paste. Then pour in enough water so that it completely covered all the products, and lastly stir in the millet.
Cover the pots with lids and place in pre-heated oven on a medium heat. Cook millet porridge with lamb and a half hours.
Recipe millet porridge with meat in a slow cooker
For the preparation of millet porridge in multivarka will need the following:
2 multistone millet;
- 600 grams of meat;
- 7 multistone water;
- 1 onion;
- 1 carrot;
- 1 teaspoon of salt;
- ½ Tsp of pepper;
- ½ Bunch of dill;
- ½ Tsp cumin;
- 2 tbsp vegetable oil.
Thoroughly rinse the millet. Meat (pork or beef) wash, dry and cut into small cubes.
The removable bowl multivarki pour vegetable oil and place the prepared meat. Then on the panel select the mode "Baking" and time is 30 minutes.
Onions and carrots clean. Finely chop onion and grate carrot on a coarse grater. Add the vegetables to the meat. Give everything a good stir and fry with the lid open.
Then stir in the millet, season with salt and spices and cover with water. Cook millet porridge for one hour in the mode "Pilaf". Before serving garnish with chopped dill.
Advice 6: The magical transformation of semolina
Semolina – coarsely ground flour from durum wheat. It cooks in minutes, is well digested, contains a minimal amount of fiber (0,2%), rich in vegetable protein and starch. This is the only cereal that is digested in the lower intestine and only there absorbed in its walls. That is why it is included in diets prescribed for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. In General, not a mess, and some holiday health (except for diabetics it is strictly contraindicated, and for children up to years, it is not recommended).
Extraordinary ease of preparation, coupled with the low cost and health benefits, made porridge very popular. This deceptive simplicity has led to the fact that was produced as a "by eye". And it turned out... tasteless.
How to cook the classic porridge with milk without lumps
In fact, the rules of cooking semolina simple. Cook the semolina in the milk is necessary. And very strictly observed proportion (per litre of milk – half Cup grits).
Milk bring to the boil and, stirring constantly, trickle pour semolina. The stream should not be "the thinner, the better" as suggested by many. The fact that on the surface of boiling milk formed foam, and the lightest grains of semolina are unable to cope with this obstacle. That is why the mess and appear lumps. So the secret to cooking semolina porridge without lumps – pour cereal bolder.
Porridge need to cook, stirring constantly, a minute or two. Then turn off the heat, close the pan with a lid and let the porridge to stand for 10-15 minutes. During this time she "comes to the condition."
Now the dish can flavor the oil, add pieces of fruit or berries, jam, pre-soaked raisins ... And try real porridge!
How to make semolina pudding in the dessert: the easiest way
Manna porridge is particularly good because it goes well with many products moving and for a main course and gourmet dessert.
The easiest way to prepare a dessert of semolina – pour the still-warm semolina, cooked in milk, portioned silicone cake tins, and then cool and put "mini-pudding on a plate.
Serve this cereal with whipped cream, chocolate or berry sauce, condensed milk, jam -- a Space for creativity there are practically no limits. You can "improve" the cereal, before adding the cooled vanilla or cinnamon, pieces of marmalade or fruit.
As such, the "boring semolina" eat even the fussy kids. It is especially good in the summer heat, when hot cereal is absolutely not desirable. But the portion of such delicacy it will go for a full Breakfast.
But, of course, there are other recipes Manne treats.
Recipe Guriev porridge
The most famous kind of semolina – the one that according to legend invented by count Guriev, Minister of Finance of the Russian Empire, a fair sweet tooth. Rather it can be called Manne cake. Guriev porridge was very fond of Emperor Alexander III, she even appeared in the menu of the festive dinner in honor of his coronation. It is very time consuming, but at the same time very tasty dish.
In order to prepare the Imperial mess, you will need:
- A 1.25 litre milk or cream
- 0.5 cups semolina,
- 0.5 kg of walnuts or pine nuts,
- 0.5 cups of sugar,
- 0.5 Cup jam, seedless,
- 2 tbsp. butter,
- cardamom (or ground lemon peel, or cinnamon).
Cleaned nuts pour boiling water for a few minutes, then drain in a colander, peel from thin-skinned, dry and chop.
Pour milk or cream into a broad flat fireproof dish and put in preheated oven. After some time on the surface will begin to form a dense, firm milk foam. When the skin is browned – you need to take it with milk and put in a separate bowl, then return the milk in the oven. Just need to collect milk from 8 to 12 foams.
For the remainder of the milk, cook the porridge and pour into it the sugar, spices, chopped nuts. Add the oil and stir it well.
In a fireproof dish with high edges pour a thin layer of semolina (its thickness should be from five millimeters to centimeters), carefully cover it with foam. You can sprinkle the foam with nuts, fruit, candied fruit, etc. Then you pour the second layer, pereselit foam and so on. In the penultimate layer to add a bit of jam.
The resulting "puff" should be put for 10 min in preheated oven. After that, remove the mess, pour the remaining jam or garnish with fruit, sprinkle with nuts and serve in the same dish.
Double-layered manna: a simple dessert of semolina
Of course, there are more simple recipes treats on the basis of semolina. To prepare double layer of manna you will need:
- 200 g of semolina,
- 1.25 glass of milk
- 1.25 cups berry juice (can use cranberry, currant, blueberry),
- sugar to taste.
Cook two servings of rich and creamy semolina in milk, the other on berry juice.
On a dish, pour a layer of milk porridge, and top with a layer of berries and allow to harden. Cold manna cut into pieces and serve with jam or whipped cream.
Instead of the berry layer you can make chocolate – this will cook the semolina in milk with addition of cocoa powder.
Munk no milk: berry mousse
To prepare this dessert take:
- 200 g cranberries or blueberries,
- 200 g of sugar,
- 4 tbsp semolina.
Mash the berries, add half a Cup of boiling water and steep for 10-15 minutes. Strain, press the berries through cheesecloth. The resulting juice is put in the refrigerator.
The remaining berry "cake" need to fill with water (0.5 l), bring to boil, boil for 5-10 minutes and strain. In the resulting broth add sugar, bring to a boil, stir in semolina. Boil for 1-2 minutes, let it brew.
After this mess need to chill, infuse it with cranberry juice (it has not undergone heat treatment and has preserved all the vitamins) and beat with a mixer to increase the volume in half to two times.
Ready mousse lay on kremanku and put in the fridge for 3-4 hours.
Recipe of semolina porridge on the water: the roasted semolina
Classic semolina cooked in milk. But semolina can be cooked on water, cook a savory porridge, the taste of which is quite unlike the "baby food".
To prepare the semolina on water, take:
- 1 Cup of semolina,
- 50 grams of butter,
- vegetable oil, salt to taste.
Onion peel, chop and fry in vegetable oil until Golden brown.
Semolina fry in a dry pan until light brown.
Pour the prepared grits into the boiling salted water and cook, intensively stirring slowly, 2-3 minutes. Let stand, covered, then season with fried onions.