Advice 1: When to plant peppers, cucumbers and tomatoes seedlings in 2016

To peppers, tomatoes and cucumbers please you a good harvest, you need to know the planting dates of these crops seedlings. In any case not to rush landing, and for a long time with her to stay, as the plants will be weak.
When to plant peppers, cucumbers and tomatoes seedlings in 2016

When to plant pepper seedlings in 2016

When planting peppers, you can focus on the timing indicated on the packet of seeds. For example, on the seeds, which preferably grow in the middle lane Russia, it is the middle of February. It is important to consider the factor that for most varieties of pepper, the period from germination to start fruiting 110-130 days.

From the foregoing we conclude, in 2016 in Moscow and nearby regions, planting the seeds of peppers seedlings it is best to commit in the second or third week of February. Most recent deadline: March 15.

If you are planting crops familiar to the lunar calendar, the most suitable days for peppers are 10, 11, 20, 25 and 27 February and 13, 14 and 15 March.

When to plant tomato seedlings in 2016

Some gardeners begin to plant the tomato seedlings in late January or in February, but it is worth remembering that this is not the best time for sowing these crops in Central Russia, because daylight is still too short. In General, the optimal period from planting tomatoes to their planting in the open ground is 60-70 days, so if you are not the owner of a heated greenhouse, to rush into sowing unnecessary. March is the most suitable month for planting tomatoes, but only the second half, and preferable the last days. If you are wondering about when to plant tomato seedlings in the suburbs, figuring it would help simple calculations. For example, transplanting in the greenhouse, mainly occurs in mid of may, 15th. From the beginning of planting until planting in the greenhouse must pass days 50 (a bit less than for planting in open ground). Thus, 27 March - a perfect day for planting tomatoes.

When to plant tomato seedlings in 2016, according to the lunar calendar

All gardeners who use the lunar calendar for planting seedlings, it is worth considering that in 2016 the most suitable days are 5, 6, 16, 17, 18 and 22 February, and 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 21 March 10, 11, 12 and 13 April.

When to plant cucumber seedlings in 2016

It depends on a considerable number of factors, for example, progrevaemost soil in your region of residence, whether you have a greenhouse or are you going to repot the plants in the open ground, etc. as the seedlings after planting cucumbers appear three days later (provided they are growing at 25 degrees), and the most suitable age of these plants for transplanting 15-20 days, this information must be considered in the first place. In the middle zone of Russia the soil warms to the optimum temperature for cucumber seedlings by mid-may, from this we conclude that the appropriate time for planting this crop is the end of April.

According to the lunar calendar the most optimal days for planting cucumbers are the following numbers:

- March 26, 29 and 30;

- April - 7, 8, 11, 22, 23;

may 9, 10, 11 and 22 number;

- June 5, 11 and 12.

Advice 2: How to plant spruce

Spruce, pine, fir and other coniferous trees paint any area. You can plant only a tree and enjoy the evergreen beauty and summer and during the holiday season, or make several spruce trees a natural, green fence is unattractive fence boards or lattice. However, coniferous trees are not the most undemanding plants, so you need to know some rules when they fit.
How to plant spruce
Spruce, like all conifers should be transplanted maintaining quite a large lump of earth around the roots. Prevent denudation and desiccation of the roots, even for a short time.
If you buy a spruce, note on the root system, the roots should not be trimmed too short. For example, for spruce with a height of 2m is necessary to keep the roots with a length of about 80 cm.
In Central Russia planting a fir tree at the end of April–early may or late August–early September. Select for planting a cloudy day or a time after rain.
If you put more large wood, more than two meters, it is best to plant it in the winter with frozen clod of earth. All ate hardy, and planting fir trees in winter allows you to better preserve the root system of the tree during transport. The temperature should be below -15 degrees.
When choosing a place for planting, be aware that subsequently, next to the El are unlikely to be able to grow anything but Heather. First, conifers do not tolerate neighbours, and secondly, the shadow of the broad branches were not allowed to grow other crops.
Dig a hole 10 to 20 cm deeper than the height of the clod of earth around the roots. If the soil is characteristic of the excess moisture, loosened the bottom of the pit lay the drainage, broken bricks.
Fall asleep fit with a mixture of earth and peat, gradually tamping. After that pour very abundant and the first two to three weeks follow a constant humidity of the soil.
Fertilize spruce mineral fertilizers in April-may, prior to the growth.
If you want to grow a tree from seed, buy a special ground for conifers or make your own from the ratio of 2 parts humus, 1 part sand. Under the soil should be drainage layer. Plant the seed no deeper than 1 cm, watered by the pallet.

Advice 3: When to plant cucumbers

Owners of household plots grow different crops and vegetables among which the worthy place is occupied by the cucumbers. Getting a good harvest largely depends on when to plant cucumbers.
When to plant cucumbers

Cucumbers are heat – loving plants, so the time of planting seeds or seedlings in the soil depend on specific climatic conditions. The later receding winter, the longer it takes to warm up the earth. Obviously, if in may only finishes off the snow, nor any plantings of speech can not be.

In order to successfully bushes grew, they appeared the flowers, and ovaries, the required temperature is above 15 degrees Celsius. Ground freezing also should be absent, otherwise the seeds just won't germinate.

In the middle zone in a soil cucumber seeds in a dry form can be planted in late may by planting during the week. You can plant cucumbers and later, the summer long, and they will have time to grow, but the harvest in this case is going to have closer to August.

In order to be sure to be sure that the plants will not suffer from possible frosts, it is best to use a covering material. If seeds are to be soaked, it will accelerate the process of their germination and then planted cucumbers in the ground in the fifth of June, not covering them.

What cucumbers to plant – a private matter of the gardener, everyone has their preferences. But it makes sense to pay attention to self-pollinating varieties, which yield does not depend on whether to allow weather conditions to do their work the bees, in time Opalev stalks.

In that case, when to plant cucumbers solved seedlings, sow it in early April. Seed germination depends on their quality, but in General to get strong Bush takes about a month. In the ground got stronger plants appear in early may. But this is only possible in the presence of greenhouses. Without shelter and extra warmth cucumbers in the best case just will not grow until the end of may or beginning of June. Thanks to the seedlings of the harvest will be earlier than when planting seeds.

Advice 4: What can be planted next to the cucumbers

Gardeners are constantly experimenting to get a great harvest. Special attention should be paid to the issues of neighborhoods of various crops. Otherwise the plants can interfere with each other perfectly to bear fruit.
What can be planted next to the cucumbers
Before planting it is worth considering what crops will coexist, and which is to seat away from each other. Planning is very important if the area is small, and wants to plant a lot. As a rule, Central place in the garden belongs to potatoes and cucumbers. With potatoes all clear, is chosen for her private area. Meanwhile, the cucumbers more capricious culture. They need to fertilize, and neighbors to pick them harder. Especially if they are planted outdoors and not in greenhouses.

What can be planted next to the cucumbers

Cucumbers require a soil application of organic fertilizers in abundant quantities. So the neighbors they need to choose on the basis of this principle. Professional gardeners have long known the secret of the neighborhood corn and cucumbers. This neighborhood is so beneficial that the yield of cucumber increased by 20%. Due to the high shoots of corn in the garden creates an optimum microclimate. To cucumbers reach the required amount of light and shadow. In addition, the tendrils of cucumbers can be fixed to the trunks of corn.

Another high neighbor of cucumbers can serve as a sunflower. The increase in yield for such joint fit securely. As in the case of maize, sunflower will help in the right direction to send shoots of cucumbers.

To provide additional recharge of the soil for cucumbers, can be planted along the beds legumes. They saturate the ground with nitrogen which is so necessary for the great harvest. It's a great combination of cultures, especially that of beans or peas is usually a pity to allocate a separate plot in the garden.

For increasing the yield of cucumbers can be planted next to them calendula. Flowers attract insects that pollinate at the same time and cucumbers. Moreover, calendula is very useful, so it will definitely be useful.

Undesirable neighbors for cucumber

The combination of cucumbers and tomatoes in the same bed is extremely adversely affect the harvest of both crops. Especially it will be noticeable in the greenhouse. The fact that these vegetable crops different temperature and humidity conditions. Also fertilizer for plants is very different.

Outdoors cucumbers are not planted with potatoes. The reasons for this adverse neighborhood already described above. Keep in mind that with proper planning, planting work, you can achieve excellent results.

Advice 5: When to plant tomatoes in the ground

To get the perfect crop of tomatoes you need to grow or buy good seedlings, but to plant it in the ground at the right time. Too early planting tomatoes can die at the slightest frost, and when late you can never wait for the harvest.
When to plant tomatoes in the ground
The sowing time of tomato seedlings depend on how you plan to grow them in open field or protected, i.e. the greenhouse. For open ground, the optimal planting time is late March — early April. And respectively for growing tomatoes in the greenhouse you need to plant the plants a little earlier, in the early to mid — March.
Another important factor to consider when sowing seeds, is the period of fruit ripening. There are early, mid and late varieties and hybrids of tomatoes. To get an earlier crop, sow early-ripening varieties of tomatoes, when it must be done a little sooner than other varieties of tomatoes.
Optimum age of seedlings for planting in the ground 60 to 65 days. During this time plants have to ramp up sufficient herbage, stem become stronger.
When growing tomatoes in greenhouses, seedlings, you can start planting in the greenhouse in early may, provided that the soil is sufficiently warmed.
2 weeks prior to planting, the soil in the greenhouse you need to prepare. Dig up the soil and make it humus, urea, superphosphate, potassium chloride.
Dig the hole, pour them. Remove the tomato seedlings from the pots in which it is grown. Tear off the bottom leaves and position the plant in the hole and backfill with soil. If the seedlings are too stretched, raise it obliquely, leaving on the surface 3-4 of the sheet.
In may there are night frosts. The weather for the day is often cool. To protect the tomatoes in the greenhouse, cover them with a layer of nonwoven material. It can be removed at the end of may — beginning of June, when warm weather will be established.
When growing tomatoes outdoors, they are planted in the first week of June. Planting should be done on a cloudy day in the morning or evening in the same way as in the greenhouse.
It so happens that the tomato plants not getting enough light and nutrients. It begins to extend. Plants getting crowded on the windowsill. In this case, you can make a hotbed. This is the frame of bars, which is covered with film.
A hotbed of tomatoes can be planted in mid-may. In case of possible frost should be covered with rags, old carpets, paths and so on, i.e. all those that are on hand. In the open ground plants from the nursery should be planted in early June.

Advice 6: How to plant tomatoes in Central

The choice of varieties of tomatoes for the middle band is great. Lovers of exotic will be interesting to fruit pink, beige, orange, black colors, which are different to the original form. The followers varieties are time-tested, too, will choose interesting options.
How to plant tomatoes in Central

High and medium grade

Think about where it will grow tomatoes. If in this global structure, like a greenhouse, you can plant indeterminate instances. They rush up to 1.5-2.5 meters. Low greenhouse feel good seedsi-determinate varieties, with a height of 50-150 cm of open ground suitable precocious and those that have resistance to late blight.

Plant in a greenhouse made of polycarbonate, glass, "Bull's heart". This sort of time-tested. The fruit is red, meaty and very large. If you want novelty, then you can buy seeds Solovieva heart." The fruits are also very large in size, but have a pink-raspberry color.

In a tall building perfectly grow indeterminate tomatoes carpal type. The main thing is to tie them to the support, and grows to the ceiling of the greenhouse. Put "Japanese truffles. The fruit of this tomato have good taste and decorative. They are not very large, pear-shaped, are black and yellow in color. They are easy to preserve, as pomodorini easily fit through the neck of the banks.

By the way, the fruits of sunlight is rich in vitamin C. Therefore find a place in the greenhouse or a greenhouse for "Persimmon", "Orange". It is called so varieties of tomatoes orange. Fruit rather large, roundish in shape, sweet in taste.

Medium "Black Prince" has been popular for several decades. Compared to him "Negro" – a fairly new variety, but also grown in the middle lane. In appearance and taste it is very similar to his older brother.

Variety of tomatoes for the middle band "Golden drop" early maturing, resistant to late blight, so it can be put not only under the shelter but in the open ground. The plant becomes high, Bush needed backup. If you plant next to a few copies, and soon they form protonotary, very showy hedge.

Cherry tomatoes and Banana

To grow in the middle lane cherry tomatoes are not only possible, but necessary. Their sweet fruit is very good with children. Cherry are not only traditionally red, but also yellow, pink. Plant variety is "Golden cherry" and the tall, slender brushes are strewn with small, but sweet and fragrant fruit. "Cherry red" will spoil the fruit scarlet.

Varieties belonging to the group "cherry", encouraging resistance to late blight, which most of the crop of tomatoes in open ground dies in August. This group include: "Sunny Bunny", "Black cherry". Tomatoes cherry White currant fruit cream color.

Tomato Banana has an elongated conical shape. It is likely to adopt sweet pepper as a ripe fruit gets red and looks similar to this vegetable. Plant this new variety, and you will not regret it.

Advice 7: How to transplant cucumbers

Growing cucumbers seedlings allows you to speed up fruiting. However, it is necessary to properly transplant the seedlings into the soil or greenhouse and provide adequate care: good watering, loosening the soil, timely application of fertilizers.
Transplanted cucumber
You will need
  • Seedlings of cucumbers, soil,greenhouse, water, fertilizer.
The timing of transplanting of cucumbers in the greenhouse mid-late April in the open ground under the film in the middle of may in open ground in early June. Planted cucumbers in accordance with the weather conditions and forecast. Keep in mind that constant changes in temperature inhibit the growth of cucumbers. If in the near future will have frost on the ground, postpone the transplant for a few days. It's okay if the schedule of landings will move, but the cucumbers will remain unharmed. To transplant cucumbers into the ground they must have certain characteristics: thick stems, the presence of several pairs of leaflets, dark green color, growth not exceeding 30 cm Plant only healthy plants.
Do some processing of the soil in the greenhouse: dig it, flatten and select all the weeds. Then make holes for cucumbers. The distance between the holes is 35 cm Distance between the rows of holes at least 50 cm of soil decontamination wells pour the solution of potassium permanganate in the ratio of 0.5 g of substance in 10 l of water. You can now perform the transplant. Remove the cucumber from the container together with a clod of earth on the roots and set in the hole. Zaglubljaja plant so that hypocotyl was open. Then pour the transplanted cucumbers. Lightly sprinkle the wet earth dry, the moisture remained longer in the soil. So, you will prevent the formation of crust on the earth.
The growth of cucumbers podesavate them so they don't fall down under the weight of green shoots, and then the fruit. Be sure to follow the clean soil of cucumber. Loosen the earth often to the roots, oxygen came. Water the cucumbers by the roots with warm water once a week or as needed. In the period of flowering and fruiting implement watering once in 3-4 days. When the cucumbers will be 6-7 pairs of leaves, presidnete the main stem to encourage branching side shoots.
Two weeks after transplant can be carried out the first feeding. Only during the summer season, enough for 3-4 feedings. For this purpose, 10 l of water take 1 tbsp. of urea and 60 g of superphosphate. The second feeding time at the beginning of flowering: about 30 g of ammonium nitrate, 40 g of superphosphate, 20 g of potassium nitrate in 10 liters of water. For foliar fertilizer use 2 tbsp. of superphosphate per 10 liters of water. A third fertilizer application is necessary when the cucumber will begin mass producing. Use 50 g of urea per 10 liters of water for root feeding. Or two tablespoons of potassium nitrate in 10 liters of water. To increase the impact with each plant make fertilizer at the 4-th time: 1 tbsp of baking soda per 10 liters of water.
Feeding cucumbers organic fertilizers, mullein dilute with water in ratio 1:8. Apply fertilizer after heavy watering or rain. This is best done in the evening. Foliar feeding is not need in Sunny weather because the plant may get burned. During the active fruiting harvest collect 2-3 times a week.
Water the cucumbers only warm water. Cold water inhibits the growth and induces the formation of Botrytis.
Useful advice
Cucumbers can be planted in soil that previously grew tomatoes, cabbage, potatoes, legumes. The pumpkin should be a precursor of cucumbers.
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