Advice 1: How to install the pillars for the gates

Skewed gatesand is a phenomenon quite frequent. Clicking on any provincial town, can see a lot of gates, stands of which have different heights and tilted relative to each other. Not need to be an expert to understand that the reason for this behavior stands is the lack of a rigid connection between them and the wrong fill or even the lack of Foundation.
How to install the pillars for the gates
You will need
  • pipe Ø 100 mm;
  • corner 100x100 mm;
  • - angle grinder ("grinder");
  • - welding machine;
  • - cement;
  • - sand;
  • - edged Board and timber for formwork;
  • - a carpenter's tool;
  • - shovels and spade shovels.
Instruction
1
Cut blanks for the gates. Use stands for pipe Ø 100 mm or area of 100x100 mm. Their length is determined by the amount of gate height and length of the ends, sealed in the ground (0,8-1 m). When the planned height of the gate 2 m length of the blanks should be equal to 2.8 to 3 m.
The bridge between the racks, make area of 100x100 mm. Its length should be equal to the width of the gate. For standard gates, it is taken equal to 3 m. If the quality of the rack pipe is used, cut one shelf area on both sides at an angle of 30° and give the edge a concave shape. This is to ensure that the edges of area well close to the stands when they are welded.
2
Collect the pieces of the woodwork on the ground, choosing for this place flatter. It should be similar to the letter "N" – two posts and a lintel laid between them at a distance of 2 m from their top (or 0.8-1 m from the bottom). This should be provided two conditions: the parallelism of the racks between themselves and perpendicular alignment of the jumper towards the racks.
3
Weld the crosspiece to the posts. Both shelves parts must be securely welded by a continuous seam. Weld to the web in two or three places any pieces of metal, sending them down. They will play the role of rebar, firmly connecting the jumper with the Foundation.
4
Dig a trench for the Foundation pouring. Its width should be 350 to 400 mm, length – 3.5 meters (3 meter gate). The depth of the trench is determined based on the depth of freezing of the soil type, groundwater level. For simplicity, we can take it equal to the depth of soil freezing in your area, which can be found on construction sites.
5
Fabricate wooden boards edged boards and assemble them from the formwork. Its dimensions must be 0,3x3,3 m. Wall formwork it is advisable to do a little widening towards the bottom to avoid the buoyancy effects of the soil on the Foundation.
6
Install gates in the formwork so that the jumper was on the same level with the ground surface and stands vertically. To do this, put the racks or jumper struts made of stones or metal, and fasten the stand with two stops. Put into the formwork rebar from any kind of metal – wire scraps, metal profile, etc.
7
Prepare a sand-cement mortar ratio 1:4 (cement:sand) and pour it into the formwork. To spend less solution, fill the formwork with stones and broken bricks. During Drambuie fill the mortar with a shovel. The surface of the cast Foundation should be at the same level with the ground and a jumper. Before to hang the gates themselves give the solution time to harden – at least a week.

Advice 2: How to dig posts for a fence

On what columns you select for your fence – wood, metal, concrete, asbestos – will largely determine its longevity. But it is equally important to properly install poles, mounting method should be chosen depending on the depth of groundwater, composition of the earth, the value of the fence.
How to dig posts for a fence
You will need
  • sledgehammer or grandma for hammering;
  • - drill or drilling rig;
  • - concrete solution;
  • - sand;
  • - fine gravel.
Instruction
1
On light or sandy soil to install small posts, use the normal hammer. Place the pole upright and, holding his hammer, until he is sufficiently developed.
2
To facilitate the work, use the tailstock, is made of larger diameter pipe and welded on the one hand a plug, here, take a weight of lead or metal. The side weld of the handle. Put the pipe on the pole, vertically mounted, lift by the handles and drop down.
3
To set large poles, or purchase a special drill book the drill rig. Drill with it, well a little below the depth of soil freezing, pour a bed of sand. Next, install the inside the post and fill the remaining space with concrete or cover with soil and tamp.
4
After pouring the concrete mix into the hole a bit and raise the pole. In this case the bottom part is also closed by a layer of concrete that will protect the wood from rotting and metal from rusting.
5
In sandy soil you can do without a fill and compaction, simply drill the hole just under the diameter column. In this case, be careful that the hole was vertical and located strictly in line.
6
Heaving clay soils with a high level of occurrence water use the following method. Drill out the hole obviously wider than the column diameter and deeper groundwater. Complete the back of the hole with fine gravel and sand so that there is sufficient depth for immersion of the third pillar.
7
Tamp the drainage and install a pole. The space around the column fill with fine gravel, sand, and tamp thoroughly. With this method of installation, the groundwater will be free to go down and can't push the pole out of the ground, he will stand firmly and not mowing over time.
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