As a rule, alimony payments are associated with young children, but it's not quite the right concept. The circle of persons, having the ability to qualify for assistance a close relative, is much wider. These include minor children, spouses, caring for a child under three or a disabled child, adult disabled children, parents, minor brothers and sisters, grandparents, grandchildren, foster children and parents, as well as persons who were actual teachers (stepfather and stepmother), as well as former spouses.
Child support may be established under law or by agreement of the parties. The legislator establishes the payment of minor children in shares to the net income of the parent, and in respect of other persons the payment of alimony provided for in fixed amounts established in court. When deciding on the manner and amount of alimony the court shall consider all the circumstances of the case and takes into account material and marital status of the parties.
From payment of the alimony exempt parent, if his child has attained the age of majority. Brothers and sisters are exempt from paying child support to their brothers and sisters who have reached the age of majority. Children, freed from the burden of maintenance to their disabled parents, if the latter were deprived of parental rights or proved that the parents did not fulfill properly their parental responsibilities for the upbringing of their children. A parent involved in a child's life, and paid only child support, a court decision cannot be recognized as a conscientious parent.
Children who were in foster care for less than five years may be exempt from payment of the alimony in favor of the adoptive parents. Stepfather and stepmother may claim maintenance only if they are properly cared for the child and lived together with him for more than five years. Former spouses may not have to pay alimony to former spouses unable to work if they lived together for a short period, and if disability of a spouse occurred more than a year after the divorce. A former disabled spouse will lose the right to alimony from a former spouse if you enter into a new marriage. The spouse receiving alimony for child care, will lose this right when they reach the toddler age of three.