According to one version, the origin of the concept "Gypsy-needle" is because produced their own Gypsies, who were engaged in blacksmithing. Steppe Gypsies were engaged in crafts, and industrial sewing needles were really expensive, so for clothing for sale or manufacture footwear used needle what is called the "home" production. It is no secret that Roma needles are durable, and they can make such dense materials, like leather or burlap. Such material need a thick thread, and a wide lug can be threaded with wool or even Grammy. This is the first theory.
The following version is that "Gypsy" needle became due to its versatility. A wide needle is possible and the things to patch, and the harness repaired, and the wound stitched. Therefore, in fleeing, the Gypsies took to the road only such as needle. And among the things, even in a haystack, a needle is difficult to lose. She again, without options, it became important for nomads.
The third theory suggests that Gypsies needle pricked the horses when they were slowing down, instead of a whip. Accordingly, in order to do it safely riders had either to contrive, so as not to get a hoof from the animal, or needed the invention of a device of the acupuncturist. Unfortunately, there is no special "acupuncturist" the Gypsies there, so this theory about the origin of the needle remains nothing more than theory.
It is believed that "Gypsy" - not that other, as an indication of "special status" of the needle (more precisely, its size). Among phraseological combinations there are many combinations with the word "Gypsy", for example: "Gypsy pot" - chills. And among Argo encountered a similar combination: "Gypsy needle - awl. In this interpretation of the epithet reveals the cultural component values are: "Gypsy" - an unusual, special.
And maybe the name of the needle gave rise to the idiomatic expression: "Gypsy life" - unsettled way of life, uncomfortable situation. The value of inaccuracy is stored in "the Gypsy's needle", because its purpose is to work with rough materials.
Needle for divination
The latest theory of the origin of the needle tells that the needle was used by Gypsies for fortune-telling. She was allegedly imposed spells-curses, for pennies prophetess gave the needle to those who suffered from them, thus destroying their own enchantment. Also, the large eye of a needle pulling thread and swiping it over the image, collecting the necessary information. According to this principle, modern fortune-tellers and clairvoyants work with the device "pendulum".
Advice 2 : How to stitch "back needle"
Seam "back needle" is used to design the contours of objects in embroidery stitch and cross and for the creation of an independent simple patterns. The technique of execution is similar to embroidery stalked seam.
Draw on the fabric line, along which will run the seam "back needle". If you subscribe backstich (contour line) on the stitch or cross-stitch, to draw the line is not necessary.
Place the material in a Hoop, without using this device you can pull the fabric filaments and deform the figure. Gently pull up the edge.
Pass the needle thread. Tie a knot in it. Keep in mind that when you perform a seam "back needle" the flow of the working thread is rather large, so cut a long enough piece.
Insert the needle into the material from the wrong side on the drawn line or along the contour of the embroidered object, pull, pull. Make a small stitch in the opposite direction of the contour lines, pierce the fabric with the needle, but do not put it completely on the wrong side.
Enter the tip of the needle from the wrong side in the fabric, stepping back from the initial point of entry a small distance equal to the stitch length. Withdraw the needle and thread on the front side.
Run the second stitch. To do this, insert the needle into the hole of the first insertion of the needle, from the wrong side will retreat to the length of two stitches, again, withdraw the needle on the front side. You will have two stitches. Try to keep their length was the same. The front side of the stitch looks like machine stitch, purl threads are "lapped".
To contour was more dense, use thread of a few additions or forge next two or three parallel seam. Make sure that the length of the stitches they were the same.
To create a self-ornaments pave the seam "back needle" on the drawn line, attach yarn on the wrong side. Then pass the needle thread of a different color, tie the end knot. Enter from the wrong side of the thread on the work surface next to the first stitch. Now all the work is done on the front side. Insert the needle into the first stitch, gently pull the thread, with the same hand, place your second stitch, withdraw the needle. You get two-tone snake. Secure the thread on the back side when the pattern will be fully implemented.
Advice 3 : How to make a pendant
The pendant can be made of large beads, adding to her bead harness the right color. This technique allows us to produce jewelry of different shapes and sizes, combining under one braid a few beads.
You will need
- - bead;
- - beads;
- - threads;
- - fine needle;
Make a tourniquet, which can be braided beads. To do this, pick up seven beads in the grated wax nylon thread and lock the row by threading the needle in the first bead. Weave the second row, stringing on the needle through one bead and threading it through the third, fifth and seventh beads.
Slightly pull the working thread, put it another bead and pass the needle through the first bead of the second row. By this time, you can stop counting, because the beads you want to thread the needle for weaving the next row will be noticeable above the rest. Continuing to thread the beads in a circle, make a tourniquet of such length that it turned out to be double the circumference, the center of which will be a place for decorative beads.
Secure the working thread into the last row of the harness and thread the needle through the bead. Placing the workpiece on a flat surface, wrap the end of the beaded braid around the beads and sew the harness several times by threading the needle through a bead and the two rows of braid. For more strength you can sew rows of braid to each other along the entire circumference.
To the resulting pendant you can attach a loop for threading a cord or chain. Cut the new worker thread and pass the needles in both of its end. Thread through the bead, located in the center of the top of the braid and thread in both the needle bead. Take another bead and thread in her thread crosswise. In this way weave short chain, fold it in half and secure the end into the bead, which began netting or, if the number of thread threaded through it, does not allow for this, hook the end loop on the next bead.
Instead of a loop to a pendant you can weave the chain in the same technique. Length beaded strips should be sufficient to put the pendant on his neck. Fixing the end of the braid pendant, thread both needles through all the beads that weave chain, in the reverse order. This will lend additional strength.
The pendant can be assembled from a few beads, braided harness. To do this, lay the workpiece on the table and stitch between the edge of the braids as they will be located in the finished product. Weave another harness and make it a common edge for the entire pendant.