Advice 1: How to replace the needle in the sewing machine

Before sewing garment, it is important to choose the right needle for the sewing machine. She has to match their size and quality sharpening specific work material and thread. A suitable tool did not blunt the time and it will not break; on the canvas will form a neat line. That the machine worked without a hitch, you need to insert the needle in the needle bar, and, if necessary, promptly replace with new.
How to replace the needle in the sewing machine
You will need
  • - instruction to the sewing machine;
  • - a set of machine needles and threads of different numbers;
  • - glass plate;
  • - a magnifying glass.
Instruction
1
Carefully read the attached user manual to your sewing machine. If you have a good understanding of the unit (including the needles) and sewing process, replace the needle won't be a problem. Just stick to the manufacturer's requirements.
2
Please note that a sewing machine can be adjusted to a certain standard needles (such as 130/705H or other). If you apply a non-standard tool, it may simply break. If required the unit can be reinstalled on a different standard by an experienced master.
3
Check that the new needle with the working thread in terms of thickness. To do this, take a tool with a long groove top; put the thread in the groove and feel the surface of the blade. The thread should fill the groove, but not to speak over him! If such a ledge is formed, you have chosen too thin a needle for the working thread.
4
The manual for the car – it is often given a list of numbers of needles and appropriate threads (for example, thread No. 80 of suitable needle No. 75, etc.). This will help you to choose a quality material for sewing.
5
If you found the needle that fit the settings of the sewing machine and the thickness of the yarn, insert it into needle bar. Put the tool on the glass surface and lift to eye level. If the rod is evenly located over the entire length, then the needle can be used – it is not curved.
6
Guide the nail plate along the needle, starting from the bulb. You will immediately feel if the edge is a little bent. The blunt tip can be detected with a magnifying glass – it will stand out white spot. Such a tool can not be used to avoid problems with machine stitching.
7
Finally properly insert a curved needle in the sewing machine. Don't forget that when refueling the needle bar, long groove should always be facing the needle thread guide. Typically, machines with a straight line filament dressed to the left; zig-zag line in front. If you are not familiar with the structure of the machine, refer to the diagram in the instructions – otherwise you may break the Shuttle mechanism.
8
To put the needle in the machine, lift the needle bar at top position and loosen the needle clamp screw. You will see a groove for installing the needle – it resembles the letter "P". Put the flatted needle (this is cut into the thickened part) to the bottom of the groove; the needle must enter the needle bar through Hagersten. You need to insert it up until it stops! Secure the new needle retaining screw.
Note
You often have to deal with the replacement of the needles in the sewing machine due to breakdowns, some stick to sartorial rules. Never pull out working the fabric from under the foot movement itself; not "help" the running machine, pushing the fabric by hand. Ensure that the throat plate is always securely attached; install the foot only after lowering of the needle. If you have to put a line across the seam thick, do it carefully and at a slow rpm. If you have cut the upper thread sewing machine skips stitches badly and knocks when operating – try to replace the needle.
Useful advice
Study in detail the device for the needle of the sewing machine. She has a rod (blade); one end of this framework is the cutting edge, and the other flask. A little above the edge of the ear (using his pull-cord). Consider the bulb: it has convex and flat sides. On a flat surface a short groove (a groove), and convex – long. Do you remember that thread odevaetsya the needle always from the side of the long groove (see paragraph 6).

Advice 2 : Like threading the sewing machine

The machine line consists of stitches. To stitch, you need to fill the machine the two threads (top and bottom). The top thread is tucked into the machine, the lower – in bobbin case.
Like threading the sewing machine
You will need
  • The machine and its components, a spool of thread.
Instruction
1
Wind thread on bobbin case. First or take a few skeins on the cap manually to lock the threador put thread in the bobbin hole (at the beginning of the winding to hold this end of the thread). The cap is put on a special device for winding thread, which is part of the cars. The thread should be wound evenly. Depends on the quality of the stitching and thread breakage.
2
If your machine is of the vertical Shuttle, you need to first insert the cap in the bobbin, and then insert the bobbin into the machine (Shuttle machine) nozzle up until it clicks. Cap you need to insert so that the thread is held in the slot with a certain hand depending on the type of Shuttle. It is usually written in the instructions to the machine. If no instructions, and the machine does not sew, experiment with changing the direction.
3
If the machine has a horizontal hook, the bobbin is already built into the Shuttle. In this case, the bobbin case is wound with thread is inserted directly into the machine. With the direction of the thread here is similar.
4
Now tuck the upper thread of the machine. Cars may have some differences in configuration visually, this may lead to differences in threading. However, the principle is one. It must be understood.
5
Raise the presser foot using the lever, and the needle is set to its highest position. Put thread on the bobbin terminal and secure if necessary. The thread should unwind in a counterclockwise direction. Next thread we need to extend through one or more yarn guides. Then through a tension regulator, which can be outside the car (then a wheel with two disks), and can be hidden under the body. After that, the thread clings to the hook under the compensation spring (a thin springy hook, which can also be hidden), passes through the yarn guides, if any, and odevaetsya in the large eyelet of the thread take-up lever. Then through the next thread guide, the thread inserted into a needle with a special device or manually.
6
Then the needle is lowered to pull up the lower (Shuttle) thread.
Note
If you're not going to fill the car, it will not sew. However, be aware that there are other causes of failure of the machine from working properly the gas station.
Useful advice
In the modern household sewing machines all the devices thread are trying to minimize and hide under the body of the machine. A big plus of these machines is the sequence of threading the thread into the machine and its direction is described not only in instruction, but applied to the case. To fill this machine is very easy.

Advice 3 : How to replace a needle in the machine

Incorrectly installed the needle in the sewing machine can result in faulty move cars, skip stitches, break thread and needle would just break. To avoid this, follow some simple rules when changing the needle.
How to replace a needle in the machine
Instruction
1
In stores of goods for needlework and Handicrafts are sold standard needles for household sewing machines which are suitable for any model. However, when the needle follow the type of fabric you plan to work. From the tissue depends on the thickness you need needle and method of sharpening.
2
There are different models of sewing machines, and method of installation of the needle can vary depending on the make and model of the car. When replacing needle (good, bent or broken) pay attention to which way turned flat side on the top of the needle (flatted). In some models the needle is inserted flat side facing away from you, the other flat side should look to the left (for example, "Podolsk"). Thread the needle is always inserted from the opposite side – where the long groove of the needle. That is, if the flat side is directed away from you, insert the thread, if she looks to the left, insert the thread from right to left.
3
Suspension strut support bearing install the needle to its highest position.
4
Unscrew or loosen the screw holding the needle in the machine device. Gently pull the needle or its broken part.
5
Insert the new needle all the way up, following the direction of the flat side of the needle. If you have no instructions and you didn't notice which side stood the previous needle, look at the last thread guide. On the same side, where it is located, should be a long groove of the needle, and, accordingly, the flatted needs to look in the opposite direction.
6
Tighten the screw until it stops.
Useful advice
Change the needle as needed. Do not use thin needles (No. 80-90) with thick tissues and Vice versa (needle No. 100 is not suitable for delicate fabrics). Use different needles for different fabrics – for knit, denim, silk needle will vary. Do not use dull or bent needle.

Advice 4 : How to insert the needle into sewing machine

The ability to fill a sewing machine, it is extremely important for a novice seamstress. Improperly inserted needle can cause a lot of trouble. In the best case, the machine just stops working. But the needle can pop out and cause injury. Therefore, before you sew, be trained to insert the needle.
How to insert the needle into sewing machine
You will need
  • - sewing machine;
  • - needle;
  • - a small ("clock") screwdriver.
Instruction
1
Most sewing machines sold with a needle already inserted. But the needles — the subject is not universal, they come in different thicknesses. For each tissue it is necessary to choose. So try to learn to insert the needle at once. Use a small screwdriver to remove the screw and gently remove the needle, trying not to flip. View and remember how she was standing. Typically, the needle position is indicated in the instructions. Read it and save it. Please note what needle is in your machine. They can be cut or round cones. Further buy such needles.
2
Considering the needle, you will see that on the one hand she has a long groove. This will be your benchmark, because the position of the groove should always be the same. There are cars where this groove should be located directly in front of the seamstress. As a rule, they provide only a zigzag line. Ordinary household machines groove faces to the right. If a needle with cut bulb, the slice is different machines, or in the direction of the seamstresses, either from the sleeves.
3
Before changing a broken needle, or replace it with thinner or thicker, disconnect the electrical machine from the network. Put the needle bar to its highest position. This is done by using the flywheel. Remove the screw of the needle holder. Remove the old needle and put it in a box or stick in a pincushion. A broken needle read the numbers before throwing it out.
4
Pick up the needle the desired appearance and the desired thickness. Hold it with the grooves in the desired direction. Insert the needle into the hole until it stops. Tighten the screw so that the needle is not hanging out and not pop out. Pass thread. Before you sew the parts, try to flash the unnecessary scraps of the same fabric. If the machine for some reason does not sew, pick up a needle of a different thickness.
Note
Some old machines the needle clamp screw, Unscrew it without a screwdriver, it is necessary to turn over the convex portion.
Useful advice
Buy several needles of each size. In addition, now you can select in stores needles for almost every fabric. For example, the knitwear better stitching needle with rounded end or double, and silk — sharp and thin.
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