You will need
- - instruction to the sewing machine;
- - a set of machine needles and threads of different numbers;
- - glass plate;
- - a magnifying glass.
Carefully read the attached user manual to your sewing machine. If you have a good understanding of the unit (including the needles) and sewing process, replace the needle won't be a problem. Just stick to the manufacturer's requirements.
Please note that a sewing machine can be adjusted to a certain standard needles (such as 130/705H or other). If you apply a non-standard tool, it may simply break. If required the unit can be reinstalled on a different standard by an experienced master.
Check that the new needle with the working thread in terms of thickness. To do this, take a tool with a long groove top; put the thread in the groove and feel the surface of the blade. The thread should fill the groove, but not to speak over him! If such a ledge is formed, you have chosen too thin a needle for the working thread.
The manual for the car – it is often given a list of numbers of needles and appropriate threads (for example, thread No. 80 of suitable needle No. 75, etc.). This will help you to choose a quality material for sewing.
If you found the needle that fit the settings of the sewing machine and the thickness of the yarn, insert it into needle bar. Put the tool on the glass surface and lift to eye level. If the rod is evenly located over the entire length, then the needle can be used – it is not curved.
Guide the nail plate along the needle, starting from the bulb. You will immediately feel if the edge is a little bent. The blunt tip can be detected with a magnifying glass – it will stand out white spot. Such a tool can not be used to avoid problems with machine stitching.
Finally properly insert a curved needle in the sewing machine. Don't forget that when refueling the needle bar, long groove should always be facing the needle thread guide. Typically, machines with a straight line filament dressed to the left; zig-zag line in front. If you are not familiar with the structure of the machine, refer to the diagram in the instructions – otherwise you may break the Shuttle mechanism.
To put the needle in the machine, lift the needle bar at top position and loosen the needle clamp screw. You will see a groove for installing the needle – it resembles the letter "P". Put the flatted needle (this is cut into the thickened part) to the bottom of the groove; the needle must enter the needle bar through Hagersten. You need to insert it up until it stops! Secure the new needle retaining screw.
You often have to deal with the replacement of the needles in the sewing machine due to breakdowns, some stick to sartorial rules. Never pull out working the fabric from under the foot movement itself; not "help" the running machine, pushing the fabric by hand. Ensure that the throat plate is always securely attached; install the foot only after lowering of the needle. If you have to put a line across the seam thick, do it carefully and at a slow rpm. If you have cut the upper thread sewing machine skips stitches badly and knocks when operating – try to replace the needle.
Study in detail the device for the needle of the sewing machine. She has a rod (blade); one end of this framework is the cutting edge, and the other flask. A little above the edge of the ear (using his pull-cord). Consider the bulb: it has convex and flat sides. On a flat surface a short groove (a groove), and convex – long. Do you remember that thread odevaetsya the needle always from the side of the long groove (see paragraph 6).
Advice 2: How to replace a needle in the machine
Incorrectly installed the needle in the sewing machine can result in faulty move cars, skip stitches, break thread and needle would just break. To avoid this, follow some simple rules when changing the needle.
In stores of goods for needlework and Handicrafts are sold standard needles for household sewing machines which are suitable for any model. However, when the needle follow the type of fabric you plan to work. From the tissue depends on the thickness you need needle and method of sharpening.
There are different models of sewing machines, and method of installation of the needle can vary depending on the make and model of the car. When replacing needle (good, bent or broken) pay attention to which way turned flat side on the top of the needle (flatted). In some models the needle is inserted flat side facing away from you, the other flat side should look to the left (for example, "Podolsk"). Thread the needle is always inserted from the opposite side – where the long groove of the needle. That is, if the flat side is directed away from you, insert the thread, if she looks to the left, insert the thread from right to left.
Suspension strut support bearing install the needle to its highest position.
Unscrew or loosen the screw holding the needle in the machine device. Gently pull the needle or its broken part.
Insert the new needle all the way up, following the direction of the flat side of the needle. If you have no instructions and you didn't notice which side stood the previous needle, look at the last thread guide. On the same side, where it is located, should be a long groove of the needle, and, accordingly, the flatted needs to look in the opposite direction.
Tighten the screw until it stops.
Change the needle as needed. Do not use thin needles (No. 80-90) with thick tissues and Vice versa (needle No. 100 is not suitable for delicate fabrics). Use different needles for different fabrics – for knit, denim, silk needle will vary. Do not use dull or bent needle.
Advice 3: Like threading the sewing machine
The machine line consists of stitches. To stitch, you need to fill the machine the two threads (top and bottom). The top thread is tucked into the machine, the lower – in bobbin case.
You will need
- The machine and its components, a spool of thread.
Wind thread on bobbin case. First or take a few skeins on the cap manually to lock the threador put thread in the bobbin hole (at the beginning of the winding to hold this end of the thread). The cap is put on a special device for winding thread, which is part of the cars. The thread should be wound evenly. Depends on the quality of the stitching and thread breakage.
If your machine is of the vertical Shuttle, you need to first insert the cap in the bobbin, and then insert the bobbin into the machine (Shuttle machine) nozzle up until it clicks. Cap you need to insert so that the thread is held in the slot with a certain hand depending on the type of Shuttle. It is usually written in the instructions to the machine. If no instructions, and the machine does not sew, experiment with changing the direction.
If the machine has a horizontal hook, the bobbin is already built into the Shuttle. In this case, the bobbin case is wound with thread is inserted directly into the machine. With the direction of the thread here is similar.
Now tuck the upper thread of the machine. Cars may have some differences in configuration visually, this may lead to differences in threading. However, the principle is one. It must be understood.
Raise the presser foot using the lever, and the needle is set to its highest position. Put thread on the bobbin terminal and secure if necessary. The thread should unwind in a counterclockwise direction. Next thread we need to extend through one or more yarn guides. Then through a tension regulator, which can be outside the car (then a wheel with two disks), and can be hidden under the body. After that, the thread clings to the hook under the compensation spring (a thin springy hook, which can also be hidden), passes through the yarn guides, if any, and odevaetsya in the large eyelet of the thread take-up lever. Then through the next thread guide, the thread inserted into a needle with a special device or manually.
Then the needle is lowered to pull up the lower (Shuttle) thread.
If you're not going to fill the car, it will not sew. However, be aware that there are other causes of failure of the machine from working properly the gas station.
In the modern household sewing machines all the devices thread are trying to minimize and hide under the body of the machine. A big plus of these machines is the sequence of threading the thread into the machine and its direction is described not only in instruction, but applied to the case. To fill this machine is very easy.
Advice 4: How to insert the needle into sewing machine
The ability to fill a sewing machine, it is extremely important for a novice seamstress. Improperly inserted needle can cause a lot of trouble. In the best case, the machine just stops working. But the needle can pop out and cause injury. Therefore, before you sew, be trained to insert the needle.
You will need
- - sewing machine;
- - needle;
- - a small ("clock") screwdriver.
Most sewing machines sold with a needle already inserted. But the needles — the subject is not universal, they come in different thicknesses. For each tissue it is necessary to choose. So try to learn to insert the needle at once. Use a small screwdriver to remove the screw and gently remove the needle, trying not to flip. View and remember how she was standing. Typically, the needle position is indicated in the instructions. Read it and save it. Please note what needle is in your machine. They can be cut or round cones. Further buy such needles.
Considering the needle, you will see that on the one hand she has a long groove. This will be your benchmark, because the position of the groove should always be the same. There are cars where this groove should be located directly in front of the seamstress. As a rule, they provide only a zigzag line. Ordinary household machines groove faces to the right. If a needle with cut bulb, the slice is different machines, or in the direction of the seamstresses, either from the sleeves.
Before changing a broken needle, or replace it with thinner or thicker, disconnect the electrical machine from the network. Put the needle bar to its highest position. This is done by using the flywheel. Remove the screw of the needle holder. Remove the old needle and put it in a box or stick in a pincushion. A broken needle read the numbers before throwing it out.
Pick up the needle the desired appearance and the desired thickness. Hold it with the grooves in the desired direction. Insert the needle into the hole until it stops. Tighten the screw so that the needle is not hanging out and not pop out. Pass thread. Before you sew the parts, try to flash the unnecessary scraps of the same fabric. If the machine for some reason does not sew, pick up a needle of a different thickness.
Some old machines the needle clamp screw, Unscrew it without a screwdriver, it is necessary to turn over the convex portion.
Buy several needles of each size. In addition, now you can select in stores needles for almost every fabric. For example, the knitwear better stitching needle with rounded end or double, and silk — sharp and thin.
Advice 5: How to sell a sewing machine
If you are a happy owner of a vintage sewing machine, you probably know that this is a rare commodity, and you can implement it, having a decent amount of money.
Before you try to sell a sewing machine, find out exactly the brand name and the year she was manufactured.
Inspect the machineas if you were going to buy it and start pre-sales. Repair the flaws that catch the eye. Clean the machine from dust and make it presentable. If possible, eliminate visible defects and refresh the appearance.
Visit the local antique shops or antique dealers private with the purpose of studying demand and monitoring of the prices for old sewing machines that stamp and year, which corresponds to a product.
Find the professional repair and cleaning and ask it to determine whether your unit is in working condition. Also with the help of a specialist clean up and adjustment of all nodes.
Take pictures of the cars from all sides and try to sell it on eBay. Set the product on several websites for maximum effect.
You can sell the machine through the online forum on relevant topics and also give ads in Newspapers. Using all of these capabilities in the complex, you will surely find a buyer. In this case, don't hurry - because antique sewing machines are not a high demand item that was bought daily. But it is possible to gain a considerable amount of money, patience.
If the ad responds a little wanting, observe how they sell these things other sellers. Otherwise, try to formulate a sales letter. Test the different possibilities to reach the goal.
Prepare text for correspondence with potential buyers. Write a detailed description of the capabilities of the machine. Try to write from the heart, that the buyer could see how you value the product, treat it carefully.
Advice 6: Why the machine breaks the thread
Fans of sewing encounter a problem when at the wrong time torn thread. Sometimes it is enough to pull the other thread and problem solved. But often it changes nothing. You need to look for the manual to thumb through, to understand, to waste time. If you have useful information, Troubleshooting time is significantly reduced.
No matter what you are sewing machine – hand, treadle or electric – the cause of this problem is the same. The line threads each drugwatch, the first thing you should pay attention to is whether each other the lower and upper thread. Sometimes for a special type of stitching slight difference, but, as a rule, threads should not differ greatly. For example, the top thread - No. 40, and the bottom - number 10 – invalid values.Matching thread caninity can break due to the incompatibility of its rooms to the character of the fabric. Too dense, thick fabric retains a thin thread, difficult to cross, as a result, the thread is going and tear.The matching numbers thread number illidge if you can insert a thick thread to a needle, designed for a thinner yarn, you will receive already known the result the thread breaks. Pick correctly thread the needle and tissue. For this the manuals machines should be a special table. This is everything that is related to incorrect selection of material. Now consider the nuances associated with the mechanism of the machine, which lead to thread breakage.Different needle thread tension If the tension of the upper thread does not match the tension of the yarn in the Shuttle, the thread may break. Here is probably a few options. If the needle thread tension too tight – upper thread breaks. To resolve this problem, it is necessary to release the tension. In the abs cars have a washer that regulate the thread tension, these washers are spinning in opposite directions, and in the case of strong tension of the upper thread washer should be relaxed.If the lower thread breaks, you need to loosen the tension of lower thread. Its tension is regulated in the Shuttle. It must be removed and special small screwdriver to loosen the screw that in a single amount, you will immediately notice.Problems with iglova first, you may have incorrectly inserted the needle, check. Second, the new needle may have a sharp edge of the eyelet, cutting needle. You can change the needle to another, but you can take a strong thread, to RUB the polishing paste and Polish the ear. The choice is yours. And thirdly, you may have a defective needle.General Soutine forget to grease the machine special machine oil. If you use it often, do it once a month. If rarely, then before using the machine to lubricate it. On the raw oil machine sudden start can lead to thread breakage. Do not remove from the accounts the quality of the thread. It can also affect the quality of the sewing. And, of course, threads should be well seasoned.
Advice 7: How to disassemble a sewing machine
Over time, almost all sewing machines are broken. If the machine started to skip stitches, it made the lines uneven and not kept (immediately dismissed), then it lost the settings, or even worse, it broke. To determine the cause of failure and fix it, the machine need to be dismantled.
You will need
- - rich cream for hands;
- - rags;
- - kerosene;
- - screwdriver.
Often the cause of breakage of the sewing machine is the accumulation of dirt and rust. For Troubleshooting, you must clean all parts and components of sewing machines.
First remove dirt that collects between the tracks of the rails of feed and needle plate (this is a polished plate, in the hole which includes a needle of the sewing machine). To do this, Unscrew with the screwdriver the screws holding the needle plate and carefully remove it. As a rule, under the needle plate you can detect the downed bundle, consisting of villous tissue: remove this contamination with a brush.
Pull the Shuttle out of the bed, where it rotates, and carefully inspect to detect chipping and other mechanical damage. If mechanical damage is not detected, clear the Shuttle from dust and hardened oil. To easily remove old dirt, use a cloth soaked in kerosene.
Start cleaning the Shuttle nest. First try to remove dirt with a brush; if layering is too compressed, to remove dirt, use a needle or other sharp object.
Clean the reducer, rotating Shuttle mechanism, and bushing (there is friction moving parts), and lubricate with oil all friction parts are easily accessible and bushings. Immediately cloth to wipe smudges of oil.
Check the needle bar mechanism is a metal pin that holds the needle. Make sure that is inserted in the needle bar, the needle meets the demands placed on it: the needle must be sharp and have the type 705 (needle used in household sewing machines).
Verify successful installation of the needle bar. The correct position of the needle bar height is determined by the approach nose of the Shuttle to the needle, when that is far from the nose position. In lockstitch sewing machines the needle bar height is equal to 1-1,5 mm.
Some models of sewing machines, for example, "Jaguar" or the "Pfaff hobby" to find the needle bar is not easy. Disassemble the plastic case, do it very gently because the plastic is brittle. Then adjust the needle bar and glue plastic case.
Check the pressure of the foot, fastened to the stem of leptodirinae. To this end, when stitching thick fabric, lightly press a finger on the horn of the foot: if the gaps disappear, then you need to increase the presser foot pressure, and this can be done by twisting the adjusting screw. Pressure should increase gradually.
Often the old models of "Seagulls" is not activated in the stem weakening the threads. To resolve this problem remove the top cover: left sleeve sewing machine, near the tension Adjuster thread, you will see a hole with a depth screw. Slightly loosen the screw with a screwdriver and pull on itself the regulator of sitenotices 2 mm, and then fasten the screw.
Use only a sharpened screwdriver! If the screwdriver will be old and the wrong size, you will damage the screw head, which it will be very difficult to Unscrew.
To make it easier to wash his hands from the engine oil, before you begin, lubricate them with a fat cream for the hands.
Advice 8: How to insert the thread in the sewing machine "the Seagull"
If you need to make or to process something on the sewing machine, you first need to learn to make a thread. Considering a sewing machine "Chaika", you can see that thread when sewing, use two. To correctly fill the top and bottom thread, you need to perform a sequence of operations. Improper insertion machine stitching or the thread will be torn.
Prepare sewing machine for operation. Position the needle to its highest position using the flywheel. Pressure foot lift. The needle position in the needle clamp, and secure its screw.
Choose the right thread, given the color and size. To line get quality you need to use the top thread size bottom more. Install coil rod. Position it on the spool of thread.
Pull the thread from the spool to the thread guide, after you pass between the washers of the tension regulator. If the thread passed correctly, washers are to click. Continue to stretch the thread through the thread take-up hook.
Slide the thread into the thread guide located on the needle holder. Pass the thread into the eye of a needle. To easily thread a needle, use nettodental.
Pull the thread to check whether it clings for the elements of the sewing machine. Poorly polished details can sometimes cut the thread. Not worth tucked the string to pull too hard because this can break the needle.
Fill up the lower thread. Slide the sliding plate and remove the spool cap. Remove it from the Shuttle, by following the special latch. The finished bobbin of thread insert in cap. Pull the thread through the slot, and after the tension spring on bobbin case cap.
Pull the thread to check whether it is easily unwound. Put the cap from the hook on the rod of the Shuttle. If the cap is properly sat down and fixed, should be a snap. The process of the latch cap to the hook should be spring loaded.
To pull the lower thread in the plate, lower the needle into the hole, holding the end of the upper thread. With the rise of the needle will come out the bottom to the top (Shuttle) thread in the form of loops. Pull both threads under the presser foot from himself. Sewing machine is ready for operation.
Advice 9: What is the needle Vidal
Needle Vidal – is a cosmetic tool which you can use to clear the skin of pimples and blackheads. It was invented by Fernand Vidal, a French physician-bacteriologist.
Why you need a needle Vidal
Needle Vidal is a beauty tool, one end of which is loop and the other needle. It is used for mechanical cleaning of the face and ears. Currently, this device is considered the safest, there remains a strong damage, scars and redness. The first working surface of the tool – needle, used for piercing skin in order to remove the white (fat) acne and deep acne. The second working surface hinge – Vidal. It is used to remove black spots acne and regular acne (comedones). Needle Vidal cannot be used daily, even under severe acne. In this case it is used once in 2-3 days.
The needle is used only if the pimple fully matured (visible white head). Then the pus is removed completely, and the skin damage will be minimal.
Cleaning your face with a needle Vidal
Cleansing the skin with a needle Vidal is better to do in the evening before bed, then the next morning on the face will not remain any traces. To remove acne is less painful, you need to make steamed mask. It will prevent the formation of sores. Before the procedure thoroughly wash hands and wipe them with alcohol or disinfectant gel.
With rosacea the skin to steam is impossible.
Before using the needle Vidal should be thoroughly disinfected. For this lowered work surface in a container of disinfectant solution or with alcohol. After that you can pierce the pimple. Then disinfect the other side where the loop. It removes pimple completely. The loop is placed on the surface of the skin so that the acne was in the middle of the loop. Then you need to gently put pressure on the pimple in such a way that its contents came out, and the skin is not injured. When using loops you can't have too much pressure on the skin, otherwise there will be bruises and bruises.
If the inflamed follicles do not leave the pore, it is ripe, in this case, you need to repeat the procedure after 2-3 days. After removal of the pimple the wound is smeared with alcohol. For more rapid healing of the skin using tea tree oil, which has healing and disinfectant properties. After cleaning, it is desirable to make nourishing or soothing mask for the face or lubricate the skin with a decoction of chamomile or succession, has healing and soothing effect.
Advice 10: How to use a sewing machine
The ability to sew was always appreciated. And even today, when the range of garments in the shops big enough and able to satisfy even the most capricious fashionistas, sewing remains one of the most popular types of needlework. Moreover, things made by hand, now in a great fashion. But not every school girls learn to handle the sewing machineso that to master this science, many have their own.
Manual – this is important
In stores now you can find sewing machines of various types – hand, foot, electric, and even program management. So before buying be sure to ask the seller instructions. It should be in the language you understand. If you buy a machine with it, also don't forget this important document.
Of course, if you are lucky and you got the antediluvian "singer" or "Podolsk" will likely have to do without documents. But old cars are pretty simple and information as they refuel and how to use them, you can easily find in any old book on sewing. Read the instructions carefully. Pay particular attention to what not to do with the machine in any case.
Learn how to fill the machine
Regardless of what machine you are going to sew, learn to perform several actions. Try to start to fill the upper thread. This is a fairly simple action, just the thread needs to pass through several holes in sequence.
From the coil it goes through the small window on the back of the machine, then passes through the regulator tension of the upper thread, one or two loops, and finally inserted into the needle. The procedure is in the instructions for the machine and break it not, a string of, at best, just breaks in the worst – capricious modern machine may even fail.
The second step that you will have to do is to learn how to refuel the Shuttle. It is inserted into the spool with thread. Regardless of the type of the machine spool in the Shuttle is inserted so that the thread went in a clockwise direction. By the way, modern seamstresses don't have to rewind the thread, you can buy a ready-made bobbin already wound with thread. It is important that the top and bottom threads were of the same quality and same thickness.
Learn to put a needle
Read how to insert the needle. Buy different needles for sewing machines, because for each tissue needs a needle of a certain thickness. In the logs for the needle you will find information about what yarn and what needle is needed for the manufacture of specific products. Adjust the needle strictly according to instructions and remember how you do it. If the needle is wrong, she will take off or tear the fabric and thread.
Before you start sewing
Remember where your car controllers of the yarn tension, and the lever setting the stitch length. Meet other capabilities of your machine. Find out whether it is zigzag, is it possible to buttonhole loop, to do the embroidery, etc. Place the machine the way you want. If it is manual, usually twist the handle with your right hand and the left holding a tissue. When sewing any other fabric hold machine with both hands. Before you start to sew large items, adjust the machine on a small piece of the same fabric.
Advice 11: What sewing machine to buy for the beginner
Now many Housewives happy to buy a sewing machine and learn to sew. A sewing machine is not only a technique for mending clothes, and the whole hobby or job.
To choose a sewing machine the young seamstress is quite difficult, but not worth chasing heavy-duty technologies, look to simple sewing machines.
To choose a sewing machine the young seamstress is quite difficult, but not worth chasing heavy-duty technologies, look to simple sewing machines.
Types of sewing machines
Sewing machines are:
- Electromechanical. This is the easiest option, which is suitable for a beginner. Such sewing machines and is recommended for starters. Configuring seam and thread tension occurs independently by the user. These machines often come with a pedal for speed flow. There are such a sewing machine is inexpensive.
- Programmable. Such sewing machines all set up automatically, you need only to select the desired sewing program. The screen displays all the information: the type of seam, stitch, thread and fabric.
- Sewing and embroidery machines. Such sewing machines not only sew, but also can embroider any patterns. These machines are fully automated, they can hook up your computer for software updates or patterns.
- Overlock. Such a sewing machine is not intended for sewing. They quickly treat the edges of the product so that thread didn't crumble.
What sewing machine is recommended for beginners
For those new to handmade business experts advise to pay attention on the first type of sewing machines.
Electromechanical machines are easy to manage, easy to refuel the thread. These sewing machines don't require constant software updates. They are less likely to fail, and minor difficulties are easily resolved at home, without a master. They are very simple to change a broken needle or the wrong foot. These sewing machines are a standard set of lines, and a little decorative, which is quite enough for home crafts. On Electromechanical machines you can quickly and easily learn how to sew.
You should pay attention to when buying a sewing machine
View of the Shuttle device. The simplest form of Shuttle device, which can be found in old mechanical typewriters, it rocks. It is quite convenient for low-speed sewing.
For the modern "treadle" sewing machines use a horizontal Shuttle device. It is convenient in terms of threading, the filament in them are rarely confused. The only disadvantage of this Shuttle device – adjust the tension of the lower thread.
Adjusting the tension of the upper thread and pressure foot on the fabric. In computer models of sewing machines such functions automated. And Electromechanical models need manually to configure everything, because it affects the quality of lines on different types of tissues.
The gain of the puncture of tissue with a needle. When buying an Electromechanical sewing machine ask the seller depends on whether the force of the puncture of tissue with a needle from the sewing speed. For sewing all kinds of fabrics need to strength puncture was always maximum, regardless of sewing speed.
Lines. In the Electromechanical models have a small set of lines. Be sure to be straight lines with different step size blind stitch, zig-zag. Perhaps in the chosen model are and decorative stitches. Ask the seller how many lines and what is in the sewing machine. The young seamstress is usually enough only the standard set of lines. Computer embroidery and sewing machine has a large set of lines, it is also possible to download a new one.
The speed of sewing. It depends on how hard you press on the pedal. Such "pedal" models easy to learn, if just to practice. In some older models of Electromechanical machines speed is adjustable with a lever – controller and buttons on screen.Off."
Whatever sewing machine you choose, it is necessary to adjust and learn to sew it on. The rest of the experience will come with time, is only the beginning.