Advice 1: What vaccination is to child in 1.5 years

Every country has a so-called map of mandatory vaccinations, and Russia is no exception. According to this map, a person to do certain vaccinations at certain ages. In the paper included a list of medications for vaccination, but may vary, depending on the level of morbidity in the region and the characteristics of the human body.
What vaccination is to child in 1.5 years
From the first days of life of a child vaccination against hepatitis b and tuberculosis. Such prevention allows you to protect the body from these diseases, to prepare him for meeting with harmful microorganisms and to teach him how to confront them. Further, upon reaching a certain age, the child is introduced vaccines and other serious diseases that cause the human body great harm, can lead to disability or worse, death. To 12 years every Russian is vaccinated against many diseases, for example, up to 1 year the baby with the help of vaccines already produced a defensive reaction to polio, whooping cough and diphtheria, tetanus, measles and rubella.


What shots do baby 1.5 years


After 1.5 years, begins a new stage of immunization, so called vaccination. During revaccination fixed already obtained a protective function against certain diseases. At eighteen months of age the child should be put on drugs against polio and the so-called DTP.

DPT is a drug consisting of a non-living microbes that cause whooping cough, and purified antitoxins of tetanus and diphtheria. It can be done in conjunction with vaccination against polio. As a rule, DTP causes a short-term increase in body temperature of the child, General malaise, pain and slight swelling in the area of administration. All these symptoms usually disappear within 2 days and relieve their symptoms recommend using antipyretics and painkillers for children.

In rare cases there are severe allergic reactions, angioedema or seizures. Parents should understand that any manifestation of illness after vaccination, whether slightly elevated temperature or seizures, in any case, please show the baby a medical professional.

The procedure of revaccination


Before the injection of the vaccine, the child must be examined by a pediatrician. Necessarily occurs temperature measurements of the body around the skin, the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat. At the slightest deviation from the norm vaccination should be postponed. Children who within the previous 14 days before the booster suffered colds or any other disease, needs to explore more and immunologist, to take the analysis of blood and urine, and only then, recommend or cancel the shot.

The task of parents is to track the rules of examination of the child before vaccination. In addition, they must convey to the pediatrician about all the specifics of his health, to point out his unusual behavior, if this occurred within 2 weeks before vaccination. You must insist that the paramedics looked at the kid half an hour after vaccination. Upon returning home at the first manifestation of side effects immediately call the ambulance.

Advice 2 : What vaccinations are needed for children

There is a list of diseases that are considered most dangerous for children living in Russia, so vaccination against them made to the Russian vaccination calendar. These vaccinations protect the child, creating artificial immunity, which helps protect the baby from the illness and the consequences it can cause. Preventive inoculations stop and prevent a possible epidemic.
What vaccinations are needed for children

Terms and rules of vaccination can not be neglected. You can't vaccinate a child during illness or during rehabilitation after it. For each child there is the vaccination calendar, in which, based on their age, health status, risk of illness, develops immunity to various diseases, prescribe the time and regimen of vaccination. Individual approach require children with chronic illnesses, allergies or a weakened immune system. Before vaccination of the child should consult a doctor-immunologist. Put the first vaccine against hepatitis B. This vaccine do immediately after the birth of a child within the first 12 hours of his life. This vaccine is repeated through the first month and then in 6 months. This vaccination is the most hard portable, so it is possible to defer it to a later age. It should be noted that the child should be vaccinated at the time of admission to school. In the nursing home and usually put another vaccine, BCG. Vaccination against tuberculosis and it is three to seven kids. In Russia, the TB situation is extremely unfavorable, therefore it is not necessary to refuse this vaccine. Following inoculation in the calendar is integrated DTP-vaccination. This vaccine against the 4 most dangerous diseases: diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus and polio. Such immunizations are performed in accordance with the schedule, since three months of age and to years of a child's life. You need to consider that in case of refusal of polio vaccination, in contact with the child in children's collective, where it will be revaccination against polio, the child should be isolated for a period of 40 days. This is done in order to avoid vaccine-associated infection with this disease. The following vaccines are included in the Russian calendar of vaccinations is vaccinations against measles, rubella and mumps. They put one year old child. Is also mandatory Mantoux test which is done every year. To neglect it also should not be, especially given the incidence of tuberculosis in our country. This procedure is absolutely harmless and extremely informative. But flu shots are recommended to put only children with chronic diseases who need special protection. For healthy children and adolescents there is no need of this vaccination.

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