Derivatives and non-derivative prepositions
Education prepositions are divided into derivative and non-derivative. Derivative called prepositions, which come from other parts of speech. For example:
- verbal prepositions: because of, despite, after, etc.;
- adverbial: around, about, along, etc.;
- noun: by, for, about, etc.
Simple and compound prepositions
Called simple prepositions consisting of one word and written without a space: without, for, from, to, by, from, about, etc.
A complex (or double) prepositions are written with a hyphen: over, under, above.
Composite is prepositions consisting of two or more words written with a space: due to the fact that, in connection with, about, etc.
- prepositions of place (spatial): at the table, over the table, facing the table, under the table, in the table;
- prepositions of time (temporal): before lunch, after lunch, before dinner;
- object of prepositions: other, other;
- causal prepositions: because of the storm, due to the weather, due to illness;
- prepositions of purpose: for others, for friendship, for joy;
- prepositions of manner: without another, another, heart to heart;
comparative prepositions: with me, mother nature in;
- attributive prepositions: tea (what?) without sugar, the skirt (what?) flowered house (what?) of wood.
The difference of the prepositions from other parts of speech
It is important to distinguish prepositions from other parts of speech. For example, the preposition "through" should not be confused with the adverbial participle "thanks." Compare:
Thanks friend I got out of a difficult situation (here "thanks to" is a preposition).
I was walking down the street, thanking God for a new job (the word "thanks" can I ask you a question — how? doing what? So, it is an independent part of speech, namely, the gerund).
Also the temporal preposition "for" can be confused with a noun. Compare:
For a long time I was waiting for an answer (excuse).
In the course of the river splashed a small fish (noun, ask questions: what? where?)