Advice 1: How to cut room Mandarin

Room Mandarin is ideal as a home exotic pet for beginners and beginners. The lightest care. Profuse flowering. Unchanged fruition in the form of gratitude, caring owners. Highly decorative on the tree simultaneously with fragrant flowers fragrant ripe thin-skinned clementines.
Room Mandarin is in need of formative pruning

Features of cultivation


It is an absolutely undemanding plant three years grows from seeds in a pretty tree, but begins to bear fruit only after 7-8 years. Of course, if you buy a ready plant, the fruit will receive soon. To accelerate the fruiting of Mandarin also can instill.

He easily tolerates both cool and hot too content in in the Central heating season. All he needs is a lot of light, abundant watering, occasional feeding. Mandarin does not like drafts and strong winds. The lack of light resets the leaves. The same thing happens when drought (or excessive watering). In summer, you can keep room Mandarin outdoors. Room Mandarin requires a cool winter, in winter it is advisable to provide him with a temperature of +16°C. After wintering tree is in growth, produces flowers and tying the fruit.

Formative pruning


For forming the crown of the desired shape and encourage fruiting you need to do formative pruning.

The growth of the tangerine tree grows, losing the compactness and attractiveness, so it requires regular pruning. She held the young plants by the method of pinching – pinch out the Central stem at a height of about 30 cm from the soil. Adult trees, pruning is done with a sharp knife or secateurs. Central escape to remove necessarily. With him, the crown will not have the same decorative appearance. And it will form new shoots unsympathetic. But most importantly, this escape usually does not bear fruit, because flower buds are not formed on it.

The side branches leaving only the strong, growing symmetrically, in the amount of 3-4 pieces. Pinch or cut at 10-15 cm they appear the branches of the second order, which also require trimming. Are trimmed and the branches of the third order. But the fourth, growing horizontally to the side, give flowers and fruits. Also remove all excess materials, branches that grow straight up or inside.

In addition to pruning, young tangerine sapling requires annual transplant to the new soil nutrient and pot of larger size. Transplanting is done after a period of rest. Adult plants are transplanted less frequently, every 2-3 years, as growth.

Mandarin better than other citrus plants is by vaccination. On it you can literally learn how to cultivate all sorts of citrus exotics – it is from these experiments only better will grow.

Advice 2: How to plant tangerines

Like many citrus fruits, tangerines grow well in the indoor environment. However, obtaining the fruit, they need time to instill. Naturally room tangerines begin to give the first fruits for 6-8 year of growth, the vaccine not only allows you to speed up fruiting for up to 2-4 years, but also significantly improves the quality of the fruit.
How to plant tangerines
You will need
  • the Scion (a Bud with the petiole from cultivated plants), rootstock (seedling Mandarin or other citrus), okulirovannyh knife, elastic band, outdoor options, plastic sheeting for a mini greenhouse
Instruction
1
Giving the vaccination is best in April-early may, when the bark of the plant, a period of active SAP movement. At this time the bark is easily separated from the wood, and the Scion is easier to survive in the new environment. You can also instill the tangerines in August, when the plant is full of energy after the summer.
2
Inoculation of oranges is best done on seedlings of other citrus fruits: lemon, orange or orange. But the success of this procedure by grafting cultivated plants on a seedling of a Mandarin. It is important that vaccination was carried out neatly, quickly, in terms of cleanliness. Then the plant can easily be adapted to this effect.
3
Before starting vaccination, you need to prepare all the necessary materials: a Scion with well-ripened wood, the Scion, taken from the cultural fertile plants, garden var, elastic band, okulirovannyh knife. The most common and convenient method is grafting budding, in other words "eye", in which the rootstock sprouted transplanted a kidney from leaf cuttings from cultivated plants.
4
Vaccination should be carried out quickly and carefully so as not to damage the wood of a sapling. At a height of about 7 cm from the soil the trunks of the rootstock, wipe the dust and dirt, then a very sharp, clean knife cut the crust in the form of the letter "T" so not to touch the wood. The size of the cut is about 1 cm horizontally and about 2.5 cm in height. The tip of a knife the bark is carefully folded to the sides and formed in the bosom inserted the "eye", holding it for the preservation of the petiole.
5
The inserted section from the kidney again cover the corners of the bark of the rootstock, good smoothing and pressing for closer contact. Then the site of inoculation smeared garden pitch for the speedy healing of the wound and wrap with an elastic band, leaving only the protruding stem with the leaf. Inoculated plants are then placed in a temporary mini-greenhouse, which can be made from a large plastic bag or plastic film. This mini-greenhouse will create comfortable conditions for trees and contribute to better healing of the graft.
6
To judge the success of vaccination is necessary as the petiole – if something doesn't go right, it will turn black and dry to the panel. But usually the transplanted kidney successfully take root in 2-3 weeks. This is indicated by yellowing and easily removable petiole. For better acclimatization of grafted plants to indoor conditions teplichku periodically need to access, gradually increase the ventilation time. After the final sewing and sprouting buds, dense winding of the weaken, and then removed.
7
When the grafted kidney starts growing young shoot (about three weeks after grafting), the stem of the rootstock is cut obliquely at a height of about 5 mm. above the base of the escape and treat the cut garden pitch. To the young shoot growing vertically and formed a proper crown, it is tied to a stick inserted in the pot.

Advice 3: How to make homemade Mandarin

Growing at home Mandarinhave sooner or later will need a transplant. The reason for this, as a rule, it is the tightness of the pot. Young trees recommended to be transplanted once a year, if the plant is older than seven years, transplanting should be done every two years.
How to make homemade Mandarin

To perform the transplant of Mandarin, you will need to prepare a special soil mixture. It is necessary to choose mixture for citrus or customize it. To do this, take half of the desired amount of grassy land, the other half in equal parts mixed leaf land, humus and sand.

The pot in which you will transplant the tangerine, it is necessary to pick up a few inches greater than the previous diameter. Little plant it is impossible in advance to replant in a large pot – this can lead to rotting of the root system. In addition, it is impractical and from an aesthetic point of view it looks not very good.

Mandarin growing in the home, prefer lighter substrates with a slight acidity, as well as those trees that grow in nature. On the bottom of the prepared for the transplant containers need to lay drainage to prevent root rot and stagnant water. Material for drainage can serve as small stones or clay pellets, foam pieces, pieces of pottery.

It is impossible to carry out change room Mandarin at the time when it blooms. This is best done in spring when the plant wakes up after hibernation.

A couple of days before repotting to stop the feed of the plant. Fertilizer should not be used in a couple of weeks after repotting to give the plant safely settle in a new place.

After the plant is transplanted, it needs a little watering, so the soil could settle and lie down. After half an hour the plant is inspected and, if necessary, add to the pot some more land.

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