Features of cultivation
It is an absolutely undemanding plant three years grows from seeds in a pretty tree, but begins to bear fruit only after 7-8 years. Of course, if you buy a ready plant, the fruit will receive soon. To accelerate the fruiting of Mandarin also can instill.
He easily tolerates both cool and hot too content in in the Central heating season. All he needs is a lot of light, abundant watering, occasional feeding. Mandarin does not like drafts and strong winds. The lack of light resets the leaves. The same thing happens when drought (or excessive watering). In summer, you can keep room Mandarin outdoors. Room Mandarin requires a cool winter, in winter it is advisable to provide him with a temperature of +16°C. After wintering tree is in growth, produces flowers and tying the fruit.
For forming the crown of the desired shape and encourage fruiting you need to do formative pruning.
The growth of the tangerine tree grows, losing the compactness and attractiveness, so it requires regular pruning. She held the young plants by the method of pinching – pinch out the Central stem at a height of about 30 cm from the soil. Adult trees, pruning is done with a sharp knife or secateurs. Central escape to remove necessarily. With him, the crown will not have the same decorative appearance. And it will form new shoots unsympathetic. But most importantly, this escape usually does not bear fruit, because flower buds are not formed on it.
The side branches leaving only the strong, growing symmetrically, in the amount of 3-4 pieces. Pinch or cut at 10-15 cm they appear the branches of the second order, which also require trimming. Are trimmed and the branches of the third order. But the fourth, growing horizontally to the side, give flowers and fruits. Also remove all excess materials, branches that grow straight up or inside.
In addition to pruning, young tangerine sapling requires annual transplant to the new soil nutrient and pot of larger size. Transplanting is done after a period of rest. Adult plants are transplanted less frequently, every 2-3 years, as growth.
Mandarin better than other citrus plants is by vaccination. On it you can literally learn how to cultivate all sorts of citrus exotics – it is from these experiments only better will grow.
Advice 2 : How to make homemade Mandarin
To perform the transplant of Mandarin, you will need to prepare a special soil mixture. It is necessary to choose mixture for citrus or customize it. To do this, take half of the desired amount of grassy land, the other half in equal parts mixed leaf land, humus and sand.
The pot in which you will transplant the tangerine, it is necessary to pick up a few inches greater than the previous diameter. Little plant it is impossible in advance to replant in a large pot – this can lead to rotting of the root system. In addition, it is impractical and from an aesthetic point of view it looks not very good.
Mandarin growing in the home, prefer lighter substrates with a slight acidity, as well as those trees that grow in nature. On the bottom of the prepared for the transplant containers need to lay drainage to prevent root rot and stagnant water. Material for drainage can serve as small stones or clay pellets, foam pieces, pieces of pottery.
It is impossible to carry out change room Mandarin at the time when it blooms. This is best done in spring when the plant wakes up after hibernation.
A couple of days before repotting to stop the feed of the plant. Fertilizer should not be used in a couple of weeks after repotting to give the plant safely settle in a new place.
After the plant is transplanted, it needs a little watering, so the soil could settle and lie down. After half an hour the plant is inspected and, if necessary, add to the pot some more land.
Advice 3 : How to transplant a Mandarin
- - ground sheet;
- - humus;
- - sand;
- - drainage;
- - pot of a larger size;
- - warm water.
2-3 days before transplanting stop feeding the plants, and after you've transplanted Mandarin, do not use fertilizer within two weeks.