Care with soil and watering
Roses love very abundant watering. Immediately after planting, water them every day. When the seedlings take root will be enough once a week morning or evening. Do not water the rose bushes in the heat of the day: drops of water that fall on the leaves very quickly cause burns. Water for irrigation should be warm (room temperature). You can use the rain. Tap water for during the day: at this time, will the chlorine and it has time to warm up under the sunlight. Pour water from the watering very carefully at the root of the sapling. After this, the ground under the rose Bush needs to mulch: put on a thin layer of peat, sawdust or loose vegetable compost. Mulching is done with two objectives: to prevent the evaporation of moisture and to prevent erosion of the roots of the roses. The roots must have oxygen. To do this, perform regular soil loosening. As soon as it gets cold, the soil around the rose seal.
Combating disease and pests
Regularly inspect roses for collecting a single pest manually. Spraying are protected from diseases and bugs. In early spring spend processing the bushes with copper sulfate (100 g per 10 liters of water). This spraying helps from powdery mildew. If the disease does occur, to control it use "Topaz" (4 ml / 10 l of water) or Ambulance (2 ml per 10 liters of water). Very effective are spraying sulfur colloid (40 grams per 5 liters of water). Such fungicides as Bordeaux mixture and the solution odnomernoi liquid well help in the fight against many diseases and pests.
Traditionally, dressing is carried out several times. Complex fertilizers make before abundant flowering. Ammonium nitrate and potassium salt - 10-15 grams per Bush. In the period of ovary buds best fertilizer - solution slurry. The ratio of water and manure: 10:1. 3-4 plants will need about 10 liters. In August rose to feed phosphorus-potassium fertilizers: 15-20 grams per Bush.
Pruning and shaping of shrub
Pruning is the key to rapid growth and abundant flowering rose bushes. Each escape roses growing and developing for several years, and then dies, starting from the top. On the stem of the Bush are buds, which develop new shoots. If the rosebush is not cut, then it will look ugly because of the presence of dead shoots. Only climbing roses do not need pruning. After removal of excess shoots from the roots, there are more forces in order to feed the aerial part of the plant. They no longer need to supply the necessary nutrients of dead branches.
For pruning use sharp secateurs and if the thickness of the stems greater than 2 cm, then a garden saw. Bush, standard and other types of roses decided to crop in early spring. Multiflowered roses match in late summer or autumn, after flowering. Do not trim too late, as this leads to a weakening of the rose Bush. There is such a rule: crop planted Bush so that the number of shoots was equal to the number of roots.