You will need
- - container for soaking;
- - gauze;
- - water.
It is not necessary to soak only a very small seed, as it may present some technical difficulties: seeds of Petunia, poppy, strawberry can be sown directly into the soil. For best germination they spread out over the surface, compacted soil with the palms and sprayed from a spray. Then the crops covered with foil, put in a warm place and wait for germination.
The seeds of crops having a dense shell, it is necessary to soak. Such plants include beets, spinach, watermelons, tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, and plants whose seeds are rich in essential oils that hinder germination. It's carrots, celery, parsley, parsnips and others. When soaking the part of essential oils is washed from the membrane and plants germinate better. Soaking is also used if we need to spread the old dried seed – in this case, you can expect good indicators of germination.
The process is quite simple: damp cheesecloth laid out the seeds, cover the top with a second layer of cheesecloth and pour water (30-35oC). In addition, it is possible to use biologically active extracts. The solution should be weak, so as not to damage the seeds. You can use water infusion of chamomile, Valerian, infusion of oak bark, fermented mullein, aloe (0.5 l of water is necessary to take 20 g of active substance)
It is better to use a combined method: first, for 15-30 minutes, soak the seeds in weak beerstore, then for a day in the water. After that, the water to drain, and sprinkle the seeds on a flat surface to dry to flowability. Before sowing the seeds mixed with fine river sand. In this case, the crops will turn out uniform, will not require thinning (this method is recommended for relatively small seeds of carrots, fennel, beets).
For some crops, susceptible to viral diseases (tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers), it is desirable to apply the heating and etching. To do this before soaking the seeds are immersed in hot water for 15-20 minutes and then dipped in dark pink solution of potassium permanganate for 10-15 minutes. After this time, the seeds should be rinsed in running water and soak in the usual way in water.
An important factor is the condition of the soil when sowing. Furrows before sowing seeds necessarily need to shed water to create a favorable microclimate. Subsequently, to the emergence you need to do it daily if it is dry weather.
If late sowing to make up for lost time and proper agricultural seed soaking, because this procedure reduces the time of germination in 7-10 days, which for the short Russian summer, a very significant indicator.
Do not plant seeds in cold soil. Each culture has a specific time period, when the crops will yield the greatest harvest.