For the product replacement, and even more to migrate to the new location of the radiators the management company or HOA is required to provide technical documentation on a new battery to their installation did not violate the thermal equilibrium of the house as a whole, as well as a floor plan indicating where is the heating element and where it will move. The plan must be included Windows, ventilation ducts, as well as those walls which face the street. Prepare and plan for, and a new technical passport can in specialized Bureaus.
Replacement radiators for a more powerful requires the provision of conclusions of the specialist engineering that these radiators are set to achieve a preset temperature, which should correspond to the period of 18-22 degrees. For bathrooms it's considered normal temperature of 25 degrees. If the temperature in the apartment does not meet these parameters, the above statement is to point this unpleasant fact with the application of the official written statements on the temperature measuring by an authorized person.
The transfer of radiators will also require notification of the management of the management company or HOA in writing. In addition, you will undertake work associated with the coordination of the project in key instances, such as the Housing Inspectorate, the plant, the other organizations involved in the design of the house. The result of the changes and new features of the heating system should be reflected in the documents of BTI.
When you transfer the radiators it is recommended to use only high-quality materials. This is due to the fact that the radiators are under high pressure of hot water in case of leakage will have to cover the whole riser heating, which in winter will cause a negative reaction from both the management company and other tenants.
It is also necessary to consider that the transfer of radiators in the area of the balcony or loggia, even if the area was officially transferred to the category of residential is not allowed, the project is not subject to approval, will be rejected and will bring a serious penalty to the owner of the apartment, looks a similar idea in terms of your own home.
Pay attention to the fact that if you cut the battery, decide to abandon the Central heating in favor of, for example, warm floor, it will not save you from having to pay the utilities in full. In addition, the deletion of components of the heating system of the building must also be consistent, just take and remove the radiator, even in your own apartment can not be privatized.
Replacement radiator for a new one, made of the same material as the former, does not require changing technical documentation on premises, and therefore to inform anyone no need.
Advice 2: How to give up heating in the apartment
Payment tariffs for Central heating is one of the most expensive items of expenditure receipts for utilities, the benefit if the latter are at the proper level. But sometimes - on the one side of the battery are hot, but the other is not enough to heat the apartment. In such moments, comes the desire to give up heating in the apartment. How to do it?
You will need
- - statement to the management company;
- - gas boiler;
- electric radiators.
Write a statement to the management company about the desire to abandon the heating in the apartment. Additionally worth pointing out that the dismantling of radiators of heating you spend for your expense. Otherwise you may be refused for lack of ability on their part to dismantle. Representatives of the management company can explain this by the fact that there is currently no manpower, appropriate equipment, etc.
Wait for the approval of the application, then the management company should send to you the engineer, which will show where to cut the pipe. As soon as your welder will cope with this task, the engineer will sign the act that the Central heating removed.
Select a new system of heating. Here a small selection. If you have a gas heater, then it can be changed on the boiler. Or choose the installation of electric radiators heating.
Installing a gas boiler involves appealing to the local Gazservis. In it you will need to get a technical job, which usually consists of 8-9 points is to develop and approve the project on gas to run it, using the services of a certain organization to coordinate the process with the fire service and the Department of architecture.
When installing electric radiators heating is not necessary to refer to any service. However, it should take care of the installation of two-tariff counters. This approach will allow you to save money on heating, so at night you can put on radiators and in the daytime, on the contrary, reduce.
Daring to abandon the centralized heating, weigh all the "pros" and "cons". For example, if your apartment has Windows even with the Khrushchev era, the changing of the radiators will not give the desired result. Modern heating system (gas boiler or electric radiators) suggest the presence of glazed Windows.
Advice 3: How to place batteries in the apartment
Properly selected and placed, the batteries provide not only maximum heat output, but also prevent the break-in of cold air. Therefore, when selecting and installing you should follow certain rules.
Place the battery under Windows, when installing heating radiators , this rule is basic. Mounted under the battery box creates a thermal curtain – a flow of warm air preventing the penetration of cold. Without it, the air in the apartment will quickly cool window glass and fall down.
The length of the radiator should be such as to cover the width of the window. To heating was not excessive, the installation of radiators provide adjusting valves or thermostats. The presence of valves useful in the repair of radiator — you will not have to turn off the water in the riser, just enough to close the valves.
When calculating the number of radiators on the room, consider the wall material and heat flow of one section used the battery (the data is in the settings). For heating of one square meter of apartment in a panel house requires approximately 0,04 kW. If the walls are brick, one square meter requires about 0,03 kW. Based on these data and areas of rooms, calculate the required number of sections of the radiator.
To the radiator did not give of the heat behind the wall, teploizolirovat it and cover with foil. Heat-insulating coating to prevent the heated wall, and the foil is to reflect heat rays into the room. The distance between the radiator and the insulation should not be less than 3-4 cm If you do not want to install the insulation, then at least cover the wall with foil.
To ensure proper airflow, mount the radiator so that between it and the floor was a distance of not less than 10 cm, and between the top edge of the battery and the sill — not less than 8 cm.
Changing the radiators in the apartment, be sure to consider withstanding their load. In high-rise buildings, pressure spikes can greatly exceed the value of 16 atmospheres, the limit for aluminum radiators. If you live in a high rise building, put bimetal radiator (aluminum on steel frame), they can withstand pressure up to 40 atmospheres.