Advice 1: How to choose the inserts in the crankshaft

Replacement liners requires experience repairing automotive engines, so in such cases it is customary to contact the service center. However, to find the right size repair parts and you can buy them on their own.
How to choose the inserts in the crankshaft
You will need
  • - set of wrenches for disassembly of the engine;
  • - caliper;
  • - gauge plastic wire.
Instruction
1
First, you need to remove the engine and install it in a position convenient for further disassembly. Next you need to remove the sump, oil pump and remove the root, connecting rod caps covering the ear, in fact, is the bearings. In this process it is desirable the participation of a specialist, who with the help of Vernier caliper will tell you what neck of the crankshaft was the "culprit" irregular engine operation.
2
The next step requires boring crankshaft to the nearest size. To purchase sacks only necessary after grinding of necks already made, - the mechanic-the mechanic will tell you the correct size liners. Liners are sold in a kit, designed for connecting rod or main journals.
3
Liners are installed on new or past grinding the crankshaft. For engines fired on the Vase, there are 4 oversize liners in increments of 0.25 mm: 0.25 mm, 0.5 mm, 0.75 mm, 1.0 mm. For engines produced in the Gas and AZLK (plus it works), there is 5-th, 6-th size bore crankshaft: 1.25 mm and 1.5 mm; the size of the liner is indicated on its surface.
4
The machined crankshaft must be purged with compressed air to remove remaining after the machining chips. When installing the liners last must be lubricated with engine oil. The elements of the crank mechanism are mounted "castle to castle". If you have no experience in engine repair, the work is best left to a professional.
Note
In bore crankshaft will not necessarily respect the sequence: when a large wear of the crankshaft journals possible grinding through size. Liners are sold in a kit, designed for connecting rod or main journals. The crankshaft is one of the most expensive parts of the engine; therefore, timely boring and grinding of necks greatly extend the life of the motor as a whole.
Useful advice
Determine the need for replacement of inserts is made with a special plastic gauge that is installed on the root or connecting rod journal of the crankshaft. Next is the lid with liner and tightened at about 51 N/m (need a torque wrench). The gap can be determined by the level of plushevaya wire.

Advice 2: How to fill out the insert in the work book

The liner is made, if the workbook is completely filled all sections on the job or award. The shape of the insert is standardized and approved by the Government of the Russian Federation No. 225. Immediate clearance of this document is in accordance with the rules of conducting work record, item No. 38.
How to fill out the insert in the work book
You will need
  • insert
  • -the passport of the employee
  • -the document on education or training
Instruction
1
When placing the liner on the title page of the work book should be stamped and indicate that the staff member is issued with a liner, put the series and number. Each new liner is necessary to make a separate seal. The liner is only valid with the workbook where you have the stamp and are its results.
2
Before you fill in the liner in the labor book, you must obtain from the employee the documents on the basis of which will be filled liner. You can't fill out the information listed on the title page of the work book, as personal data could have changed. The employee must submit a passport, a diploma or proof of training. On the basis of the submitted documents is filled in the cover sheet of the liner.
3
Recording information in the liner must be made in accordance with the rules of filling of work record. Serial number information on the work goes past the last record in the workbook.
4
Records of awards, as well as on the work done under the next sequential number for information about the awards listed in the workbook.
5
The liner should be filed under the cover of the work book. One employee can be issued as many inserts as necessary for his career. All liners are issued, to receive information on the title page of the work book in the form of print and specify the number and series of the issued liners.
6
The liner in a labor book is not a standalone document when applying for a job. It must be presented directly from the workbook on the title sheet which provides information about the results of the insert.
7
Fix invalid records produced in the liner, must be made in accordance with the rules that indicate the correction of incorrect records in the workbook. Under the wrong entry should indicate that it is incorrect, the stamp of organization and signature of authorized person. Under the next sequence number to produce the correct entry.
8
In the liner as in the workbook, you cannot do abbreviated recording. All entries must be decorated in the expanded format.
Note
Rules of the registration of the. How to fill out the work book? All entries in the workbook produced without contractions and have a sequence number within the corresponding section. 2 graph – recording date Arabic numerals (it should be the date of reception, transfer, dismissal and the date of the relevant document (order, order, etc.), not the day you fill out the work book).
Useful advice
How to make a work book. Form of employee record books and the rules for its management (hereinafter - the rules) approved by decree of the Government of the Russian Federation dated 16.04.2003 No. 225 "On labor books". And the instruction on filling of work books is included in the Ordinance of the Ministry of labor of Russia dated 10.10.2003 No. 69 (hereinafter - the manual). If the workbook filled all the pages of one of the sections, it is sewn liner. Execute and lead it should be in the same order as the workbook.

Advice 3: How to get the liner on citizenship of the child

To confirm that the child is a citizen of Russia, the parents had to get the liner on citizenship. Without this document, were not allowed to travel abroad, and children didn't fit in the passport to parents.
How to get the liner on citizenship of the child
You will need
  • - Copies of passports of parents;
  • - copy of birth certificate of the child;
  • - excerpt from the book.
Instruction
1
In accordance with the decree of the President of the Russian Federation No. 1325 dated 14.11.2002 of the year, every child under the age of 14 years, was supposed to give out the liner on citizenship in addition to the birth certificate. The liner proved the identity of the child as a citizen of Russia, which allowed parents to freely take the baby abroad. The liner was issued on written application from parents. To obtain this document had to be submitted to the regional migration authorities the following documents: an extract from the house register, the birth certificate of the child and its copy, copy of passports of parents. The liner gave out literally within 2-3 days.
How to obtain <strong>insert</strong> <b>citizenship</b> <em>child</em>
2
However, on the need to have a liner on child knew not all parents. And often there were situations when travel abroad frustrated due to the fact that the child is not issued a leaflet on citizenship. So in February 2007 adopted a relevant Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation about cancellation of the issuance sackher and replace them with the stamp of nationality. Print that I put there, the migration service, on the back of the birth certificate.
3
According to the Order of FMS of the Russian Federation No. 68 of 19 March 2008, parents of child, born in the Russian Federation and is a citizen of Russia by birth, by migration service employees are required to certify this fact on the first request. Certify the staff of the FMS of Russia is by affixing such stamp. To obtain a mark about citizenship of the child can be either at the place of residence of the parents, or the place of birth of the childor at the place of actual residence of the family.
How to obtain <strong>insert</strong> <b>citizenship</b> <em>child</em>
4
Parents of those children who still have the liner on citizenship must replace it with the corresponding stamp in the birth certificate. But you need to do it just for the childwho has not reached 14 years of age.

Advice 4: How to make a liner in the work book

The liner in the labor book is a separate document. But, at the same time, it is not valid student, is the Annex. It is filled only in one case: if space for records in the "work experience" and "Information about the ceremony" there.
If the space of left - place the liner in the work book
Instruction
1
The liner in the employment book shall be issued by the employer.
2
On the first page of the insert shows information about the employee entered in an employment book.In the appropriate column enter the surname, name and patronymic according to the document proving the identity.Enter the date of birth of the employee.Under "Education" select the level of education. This record is based on documents that confirm education: diploma or certificate.In the column "Profession, specialty," write the profession of the employee, which is specified in the diploma. If data about the profession there, leave the field blank.Write the date of filling of the liner. The date of completion shall be the date of the first record included in this document.In addition, in the liner, as well as in the workbook, on the first page, you must specify the name of the technician responsible for filling in labor books, personnel worker, and his signature.In the liner also required the presence of a personal signature of the employee.
3
The recordings in the liner are made similar to records in a labor book. The numbering of entries continues the numbering of the work book. The second column indicates the date of entry. In the third column – contains a record of the hiring, dismissal, transfer to another job, reduction. At the same time, not allowed to make shrink, for example, replace the word "article" to "article" in the case of justification of dismissal or reduction. In the last, fourth column put the name of the document (Order), under which entry was made, the date of signature and number. In this column is also not allowed reduction.
4
When issuing insert, you must record on the inside cover of the work book: "Issued", putting his series and number. This operation is repeated with each subsequent issuance of the liner. Do not make this record to fill the liner. If a mistake was made, the liner must be destroyed or it must be amended. Space for stamp on the results of the insert can not stay.
5
Put it in a book of account for the movement of labor books written liner with indication of its serial number.
6
According to the Instruction on filling of work books, the liner must be sewn (not glued) to the book, which he is. This is facilitated by the cover that has the liner. However, instructions on how to do it, is not given. In most cases, the liner is sewn after the last page of the work book.
Note
The liner in the work book. If the workbook filled all the pages of one of the sections, it is necessary to sew in the liner. Meanwhile, despite the fact that the liner is made and conducted in the same manner as employment history, when it is populated there are many issues that the author and reviewed the article.
Useful advice
The liner is made and maintained by the employer in the same order as the workbook. However, when it is populated there are many questions that our editorial team often gets from you. After analyzing the queries, we prepared an article, from which you will learn how to sew the liner and put a stamp on his extradition, on the order of the numbering of the records in the liner, what to do if a record of the work got the wrong section, and what to do with the change of name of the staff member.
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