In General, drunkenness is a consequence of the influence of ethanol contained in alcoholic beverages. This substance has a very strong psychologically active effects. In the use of alcoholic beverages are observed various changes in the emotional state of a person, his behavior, coordination and perception of reality. Due to the action of ethanol alcoholic beverages can temporarily improve mood, relieve emotional stress, to liberate people. However, for each person, the amount of ethanol an individual, for some it can be very large, therefore, it seems that such people do not get drunk.
In the human body, ethanol is absorbed through the mucous membrane, mainly through the walls of the stomach and intestines. When a substance enters the bloodstream, it begins to exert a certain influence on the red blood cells, causing them to stick together. Microscopic clots of red blood cells clog small blood vessels that feed the brain. Because of this occurs anoxia of brain cells, and therefore manifest different deviations in human behavior, for the same reason, and disturbed coordination of movements. Different people have signs of intoxication may be different to have individual characteristics.
In many respects the degree of intoxication from a given dose of ethanol depends on the weight and growth. Larger than a man, the less he gets drunk. The fact that the degree of influence of ethanol on the organism depends directly on its concentration in the blood. That is, the greater the blood volume, the lower it is the concentration of intoxicating substances. For the same reasons women generally get drunk quicker than men, because by nature they are more fragile. It so happens that the tiny girl are able to get drunk even from a modest glass of champagne.
Affect the degree of exposure to ethanol and rate of beverage consumption. The fact is that if you drink very quickly, and lots of clumps of red blood cells faster reaches the blood vessels of your brain, that is, intoxication comes faster. Affects the body and the amount of food consumed along with alcohol. Appetizer is the substance that can hold ethanol, so people who eat a lot during drinking of alcoholic drinks, get drunk much more slowly.
One of the main reasons that a person gets drunk much more slowly than others, are special enzymes in his body. They have everyone, but the number of them individually. These enzymes produced by the stomach, can break down alcohol, not allowing him to get into the blood. It is believed that women have the amount of enzymes in the body much less than men, but is rather an assumption than a proven fact. And of course, on the degree of intoxication affects the company of people with whom you spend time. In a comfortable, relaxing calm atmosphere a person is able to get drunk much faster.
Do not give up snacks during drinking of alcoholic beverages. This will allow you to not only less to get drunk, but also protect the stomach from adverse effects of ethanol.
Advice 2: Why people get drunk
Intoxication has long been known to mankind, different estimates of wine and intoxication was given from the earliest times to the present day. Modern proponents of a healthy lifestyle are still debating the benefits and harms of alcohol to the human body. Still the question of the mechanism of intoxication are white spots.
Intoxication causes alcohol contained in alcoholic beverages. It is absorbed into the bloodstream through the walls of the stomach and intestines. The further action of ethyl alcohol is that it promotes the adhesion of red blood cells, removing the protective layer of the red blood cells (erythrocytes) together with a charge that repelled them from each other. As a result, the blood clots, clots, plugging of small blood vessels, particularly blood vessels of the brain. To them ceases to receive oxygen that is carried by blood, occurs hypoxia (oxygen deprivation) of individual brain regions. This causes diverse changes in the physical and mental state of the person, called intoxication.
So due to intoxication from a medical point of view. The more ethyl alcohol in the blood, the stronger the intoxication and disastrous health consequences. Most unpleasant of all the fact that excessive alcohol consumption causes the addiction then becomes a way of life, and a person deliberately gets drunk in order to forget that he is an alcoholic and another way of life he ordered. Formed a vicious circle.
The mechanism of the psychotropic effects of alcohol on people is very complicated and not enough studied. Behavior and self-perception of the person at different stages of intoxication depends on many factors both mental and physiological nature, in other words, the characteristics of each individual human body and the composition of the alcoholic beverage. However, in General there are four stages of intoxication.
First degree (mild intoxication) is characterized by a pleasant feeling of warmth and muscle relaxation in self-perception observed a feeling of contentment with themselves and the world around you, there is a looseness in the movements and speech. Loss of control leads to the fact that the most shy person becomes cheeky and annoying.
In high degree of intoxication come mood swings, from extreme friendliness to aggressiveness be unpredictable and movements, the person becomes dangerous, both for themselves and for others.
A strong degree of intoxication is characterized by a fuzzy slow speech, wobbly gait, inability to comprehend a complex situation or environment. Mental excitement gives way to depression, sleepiness, which indicates the inhibition of the functions of the cortex and subcortex of a brain. At this stage, a person can fall asleep anywhere: on the street, at the table or in transport.
The fourth degree of intoxication, the most severe, occurs in those whose bodies are already deeply affected by alcohol, it manifests itself in severe disorders during sleep caused by intoxication: cardiac arrhythmias, epileptic seizures, vomiting, involuntary discharge of urine. As a rule, the entire period of intoxication falls out of memory after the return to a state of sobriety.
The cause of all these conditions, of course, is the consumption of alcoholic beverages. But if the first, second and third degree are caused by just different the amount of alcohol consumed, cause intoxication of the fourth degree - the constant alcohol abuse that causes deep mental and physical health that requires serious and comprehensive treatment.