We can not imagine modern life without the use of a cell phone, he became its integral part. But some ten years ago not everyone could afford to buy a cell, it was mostly considered a luxury item.
Currently, the industry of mobile technology is rapidly developing, every year more and more new and new models. However, the real revolution in this steel touch phones that have gained wide popularity among users and practically forced out of sales of conventional "push-button".
The Creator of the first touch phone
Few people knows it, but in fact the first touchscreen phone was invented in 1993 by IBM, most of its activities devoted to the creation of computer technology.
This company was created in the distant 1896 by engineer Hermann Gallerycom. Originally it was the name of Tabulating Machine Company and engaged in the manufacture of accounting machines. In 1911 a merger of the TMC with the companies of Charles flint – International Time Recording Company and Computing Scale Corporation. As a result of this process formed the Computing Tabulating Recording Corporation (CTR). In 1917, CTR entered the canadian markets under the brand name International Business Machines (IBM) in 1924 and the American division changed the name.
The first touchscreen phone called the IBM Simon. In those years he seemed to be the highest invention of phones and made a splash, although it weighed more than 0.5 kg and resembled a "brick" that has nothing to do with modern light gadgets. With all that its touch screen was created to work with a stylus, most of the operations can be performed with your fingers.
Simon was with black-and-white screen 160*293 and a built-in modem. The battery was designed for one hour of continuous talk, or for 8-12 hours in the standby mode. In addition, the design of the phone was a special slot for additional memory.
Operating system represented one of the versions of DOS, which was developed by Datalight. The phone had 1 MB of RAM and 1 MB for data and applications. The IBM Simon was the receipt of faxes, e-mail, he could function as a pager and also launched built-in apps.
The price of this phone was prohibitive – about 900 U.S. dollars with a condition of the contract with the operator for a period of up to two years or 1100 without this condition. Despite its uniqueness, the gadget often failed, and the extensive distribution among users is not received. In the end, IBM gave up the idea of manufacturing mobile.
Advice 2: Who invented mobile phone
Today, there are a huge selection of mobile phones for every taste and budget of the client. For half a century, compact portable communications tool has become indispensable for most people in the world.
The history of mobile phone
Back in the mid-twentieth century was offered the option of making calls using a portable means of communication. In 1963, Soviet engineer Leonid Kupriyanovich developed the first experimental model of cell phone. However, this model had a weight of about 3 kg and it came with a special carrying case base. This option would require a thorough revision.
The idea of using communication tools in the car came from the laboratory of Bell Laboratories. And at the same time experts of the company Motorola also pondered the option of a compact portable means of communication. At that time, this company has successfully produced portable radio.
The man who created the first portable mobile phone
It should be noted that the first inventor of the mobile phone was Martin Cooper, who was the head of communications in the company Motorola. At first the whole environment of this talented inventor was skeptical about this option of means of communication.
In April of 1973 Martin Cooper made a call using his invention from the streets of Manhattan to the head of the Bell Laboratories. This was the first call in the history of the mobile phone. It should be noted that the choice of the subscriber to Cooper, was not accidental. At that time, both companies tried to create the first device for communication. Cooper with his team was the first.
Only in 1983, by a long development, was presented to the public an exemplary embodiment of the modern phone. This model was named DynaTAC 8000X, its price was almost $ 4,000. However, there was a huge number of people willing to buy a new device, they even queued up for purchase.
Looked like the first mobile phone
It is necessary to consider the appearance of the first portable communications, which is largely different from today's vehicles:
- tube length was about 10 cm of it protruded a long enough antenna;
instead of the usual now display on the phone has a large button to dial the subscriber's number;
- weight of the first cell phone was about 1 kg, dimensions: 22,5x12,5x3,75 cm;
phone was only used for making calls;
mode talking battery operated 45 min – 1 hour, and in a quiet mode – up to 4-6 hours;
- charge the first cell phone you had about 7-9 hours.