Characteristics of infection
Leptothrix (leptotrix) – microorganisms belonging to gram-negative anaerobic bacteria that live in various bodies of water, tap water and swimming pools. The identification of this microorganism in women – a serious reason to start taking measures to fight infection.
In men this disease is not diagnosed, often they are only carriers. When detected in women bacteria, leptothrix, you need to make a few more tests, because these organisms have very often accompany a very dangerous infection, such as Trichomonas and chlamydia.
The symptoms of this disease are completely absent, but they are actively manifested at the onset of pregnancy, and premature termination.
In addition, leptothrix diagnosed in women whose immunity is depressed, and in the presence of HIV infection. If these microorganisms are found in the mouth, they cause very serious damage to teeth.
Diagnosis and treatment of the disease
If leptothrix not accompanied by any infections and did not cause signs of disease, often treatment is not necessary - they cannot do any harm. But in most cases, when it is found, there is a need for treatment. There are two types of bacteria: some of them cause diseases of the oropharynx, the second – leptotrichia of the vagina.
In the human body, this bacteria can get along with tap water and bathing in swimming pools and ponds, but not sexually.
The disease is accompanied by the following symptoms: the appearance of grayish spots on the palate, tongue and tonsils, and vaginal discharge of the same gray color, itching and burning. In pregnant women this disease can cause chorioamnionitis and bacteremia, which leads to premature interruption of pregnancy, causing miscarriages, and the development of the fetus a variety of bacterial complications.
Treat the disease with antibacterial drugs: "Tetracycline", "Clindamycin", "Chloramphenicol", or "Metronidazole", in the form of tablets or candles.
The most important and basic rule that must be followed by all women to prevent this disease is to observe basic rules of personal hygiene.
Water for drinking need to be cleaned through special filters. When swimming in open natural water bodies it is necessary to try to prevent the ingress of water into the oral cavity.
Advice 2: What is leptothrix
Leptothrix, or leptotrichia is an anaerobic gram-negative bacterium that belongs to the family Fusobacteriaceae. It forms a thin thread (trixie) having segmented the ends and thickening in the center. Optimal growth of leptothrix occurs at high carbon dioxide concentrations.
Leptotrichia, its types
Often, leptothrix detected in mixed genital infections (chlamydia, trichomoniasis, candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis). Recent studies found that this bacterium plays a big role in the development of samoproizvol abortion, puerperal sepsis, septic arthritis. It is known that infection with Leptotrichia amnionii threatened abortion and the emergence of post-partum sepsis.
The relation between the infection with certain types of leptothrix and the emergence of bacteremia in novorojdennih, and occurrence of chorioamnionitis in women.
Vaginal leptotrichia is caused by species of Leptotrichia spp and is detected in approximately 4% of women. The disease manifests itself in the form of a slight discharge with grey and grey spots on the walls of the vagina. The relation between leptothrix and the emergence of bacterial vaginosis. It is believed that one of the factors in the development of vaginal leptotrichia is the use of intrauterine devices. This disease is not sexually transmitted, if women suffering from vaginal leptotrichia, the man they cannot catch it.
Leptotrichia oropharynx refers to HIV-related diseases, commonly found in patients with substantial immunosuppression, persons with blood diseases, cancer patients. The disease is caused by Leptotrichia buccalis. Often reportex in the mouth find in children, according to some this bacterium detects more than 40% of children under one year of age. According to research found a link with Leptotrichia buccalis bacteremia in children, endocarditis in patients with down syndrome, in adults with neutropenia. Need to know the main symptoms of leptotrichia oropharynx: gray spots and (or) white-white coating on the tonsils, Palatine arches, tongue.
The bacterium Leptotrichia buccalis is a congenital microflora of the oral cavity.
Diagnosis and treatment of leptotrichia
Leptotrichia detected with the help of research biomaterial under a microscope. To confirm the diagnosis is performed culture and research PCR (polymerase chain reaction). Standard therapy leptotrichia not currently developed. In each typical case, you use different antibacterial drugs. The identified sensitivity leptotrichia to clindamycin, beta-lactam antibiotics, metronidazole, chloramphenicol, and tetracycline resistance (resistance) to the aminoglycosides, macrolides and fluoroquinolones.
Advice 3: How to treat staph infection
Staph infection is a disease that cause the fixed gram-positive bacteria, which can be detected by microscopic examination in the form of bunches of grapes. Staphylococcus aureus is a constant inhabitant of the skin and mucous membranes and should not represent harm, but in certain cases the cocci begin to multiply rapidly, leading to clinical manifestations of this infection.
You will need
- -doctor's consultation;
- -smear on the flora;
- -antibiotic therapy;
- -immunostimulant and vitamin therapy.
As a rule, staphylococci, begin rapid multiplication in people with a weakened immune system or entering the body through the damaged skin. The most insidious of these bacteria consider Staphylococcus aureus, which can cause diseases such as boils, styes, tonsillitis, panaritiums and many others.
The diagnosis of staphylococcal infection is based on the smear, the physician takes from the affected mucous membranes or wounds. In addition to identifying the pathogen must also test its sensitivity to antibiotics, as the bacteria develops immunity to many drugs of this group. That is why doctors do not tire of repeating that the uncontrolled use of antibiotics and antimicrobials without proper supervision of a specialist can aggravate the course of infection.
After the diagnosis is established, and the planting undertaken, the physician should prescribe antibiotics, to which sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. If you have extensive purulent injury, possible surgical excision of the diseased tissue with subsequent treatment of the wound with antimicrobial drugs.
To maintain immunity, the doctor may prescribe and immunostimulating drugs. Many of them are of vegetable origin — for example, ginseng or Chinese Magnolia vine. You should also drink a course of vitamins that will help to improve the metabolism and replenish the body with essential micro and macronutrients.
The metabolic and hormonal status, immunodepression — all of these States contribute to the recurrence of staphylococcal infections. Only when you eliminate all these problems, the treatment for staph will be successful and effective!