Darkening of the gums of your young child
Children are just as prone to gingivitis as adults. In the normal condition of the human gums should be light pink in color, moderately moist and have a smooth surface. If the child in the oral cavity are observed redness of gums, their cyanosis, bleeding, festering sores and the baby there was an unpleasant smell from the mouth, it most likely indicates the presence of inflammatory processes. You need to go to the doctor.
If slight reddening of the gums does not cause great anxiety in parents, as is the first sign of a simple inflammation, and treated fairly easy, strong darkening of the gums very often inspires fear and causes panic.
Why darken the gums in a child?
Most often the question of why could darken the gums of the baby, ask parents with children aged up to six years. The fact is that the darkening of gums can be associated with the first cutting of the milk teeth. The hood of the gums, a small hematoma, which passes by itself after this place will erupt tooth. Treatment is not required, but a visit to the dentist to go not hurt.
In addition, you can ease the child's condition using special cutters or soothing ointment.
If the child has erupted teeth, and a bruise of a dark color on the gums, this may indicate the presence of diseases of the oral cavity. Most likely it is either gingivitis or stomatitis. Such diseases are the result of poor oral hygiene.
Gingivitis is characterized by redness or darkening of the gums, swelling and bleeding. Stomatitis has the same symptoms as gingivitis, only has some differences – in the oral cavity can be formed festering sores, there is a strong unpleasant smell from the mouth.
Both diseases require the examination of the dentist. Treatment is with antiseptic agents, which caress the mouth several times a day. In addition, your doctor may prescribe a special antiviral drug for oral administration. Usually, with proper and timely treatment, the symptoms disappear in 2-3 days. In severe cases, treatment may be delayed up to 10 days.
If the child has fever, there is a strong plaque on the teeth and tongue, and pus formation, you should immediately contact the doctor.
Advice 2: How to teach baby to chew
To child had no problems with the bite, developing and strengthening the masticatory muscles, as well as with the digestive system, it is necessary to timely get accustomed to chew food.
Encourage your child to solid foods, to have a chewing reflexes. Approximately 7-8 months in the usual baby puree and add small pieces of vegetables. Let it gradually develops denser food. Even if the child is teething, swollen gums, and he doesn't want to chew food, you should encourage your baby to bite.
It is not necessary to wait for the appearance of the first teeth of the child to introduce him to a more dense food. Some foods he can chew with their gums. You can give the baby a crouton or drying. The child will pull the product in mouth, suck it, tries to bite, and thus involve the tongue, lips, jaw.
Buy prepared baby food that is age-appropriate for your little one. For each age in children's canned products are used with different densities. It is important to move to a more dense mashed potatoes and cereals, contain small lumps.
Stop to prepare pureed meals in General, if your child is already a year or more, but he still doesn't chew. Offer him only solid foods. If the child refuses to eat, don't go on about him, will persevere. You can go to the trick and leave him snacks in an accessible place, when the baby gets hungry enough, he will begin to eat them without persuasion.
Try to interest the child , which is already a year, chewing marmalade, or marshmallow. If he sees you, surely he'll be interested in what you eat. Share with them the sweetness, but first try to explain how to chew.
Put the child at common table, let him try pieces of "adult" food. Maybe the kid will be drawn to the bright salad, and he'll demand to share with him. After all, children are always interested in everything new, plus they love to imitate adults.
Advice 3: How to numb the teething baby
Teething is a very important event in the life of the baby. It begins, as a rule, in the period from 3 to 12 months. Every child is different takes this period. For some, it goes unnoticed, but for others – very painful. Therefore, it is important to know how to help your child to ease his suffering.
Currently there is a huge variety of special rings teethers. Before giving a toy to the baby, hold her for some time in the fridge. Cold is able to reduce swelling and inflammation.
Give the child to drink some chilled water and a cool smoothie, or yogurt. Massage gently the gums with your finger or purchased silicone toothbrush.
Use analgesic gel ("After", "Kalgel", "Kamistad", "Mundial", "Holisal"). Use this drug for a particular mode: hurts – smear, it doesn't hurt – you can't miss. But don't get carried away, more than 3-4 times a day and more than 3 consecutive days is better do not use. In addition, if the child is breastfed, try not to use pain-relieving gels, as it can get on the tongue, and the baby will be hard to suck.
If the child during the period of teething the temperature rises, you can give him an antipyretic drug ("Nurofen", "Panadol"). But first consult the child's doctor, because these medications can have a negative impact on the gastric mucosa.
Chamomile tea is the most secure, but no less effective means to ease the pain of baby teething. To do this, 1 teaspoon of chamomile flowers pour 1 Cup boiling water. Allow to steep for 30-40 minutes. This broth lubricate the baby's gums. Chamomile, in addition to anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, has a calming effect.
As you can see, there are several ways to ease the discomfort of teething. What way to choose – you decide. But the main thing sedative for a child is your love and affection. Often keep it on hand, pay more attention, try to distract and soothe.
Advice 4: How to bring down the temperature of the child when teething
Eruption of teeth is a continuous process that requires great emotional cost. Few moms can rejoice that their children when this started. Drooling, sore irritated gums, insomnia – in addition, kids can torment and even high temperature.
The increase in temperature during the period of teething in children is a frequent phenomenon. If low-grade temperature of around 37 o C, you can try to do home remedies. Do not coddle the kid, don't let him overheat, remove a disposable diaper. If the room is warm enough, put it easier. If you have a baby - do not deny him the breast, if the baby is drinking water – give it plenty. You can wipe it off using lukewarm water, especially paying attention to the folds under the arms and in the groin. In any case, do not wipe the baby with vodka, rubbing alcohol or vinegar, even diluted, is the permeability of the skin of children is very high, at best she'll get skin irritation in the worst – poisoning.
If the temperature still rises and reaches alarming values above 38оС, you can not do without medical intervention. Give the child an antipyretic – paracetamol or ibuprofen (Panadol, Nurofen, Nurofen) if allowed by your pediatrician. It must be a children's form of medication – syrup or candles. Candles are more suitable the smallest and those children who may experience an allergic reaction to the fragrances or flavors, included in the syrup.
If after taking an antipyretic, the temperature is not reduced if she stays longer than 3 days is cause for seeking medical attention. The temperature during teething it is important not to confuse with more serious disease. Call the pediatrician if the fever is accompanied by runny nose, cough, vomiting or diarrhoea, if it rises above 39оС or hard is not reduced if the child is crying heavily for a long time.
Lubricate irritated gums special gel (Kalgel, Kamistad) or give the child a toy, a teether to relieve the pain and distract – the more the baby cries and freaks out, the longer it will hold temperature. And, of course, stay calm yourself. Teething is a difficult time but it will pass.