Advice 1: How to make hay

Hay is dried grass that is widely used for animal feeding in winter. To hay received the highest quality, nutritious, and retains all vitamins, it must be properly dry and in time to harvest.
How to make hay
You will need
  • - scythe and rake;
  • - mower and tedder.
Instruction
1
Start harvesting hay in dry hot weather after the grass grow up enough. In the middle zone of Russia the hay harvest begins in the second decade of June and continue harvesting until the second decade of August. The best grass hay is obtained from wheat grass, meadow Timothy, bluegrass, bent grass. Never mow reeds, rushes and sedges. From this hay in animals it causes inflammation of the digestive canal, also in these plants are low in nutrients especially after flowering.
2
The best herbs for harvesting are considered clover, luceria, sainfoin, chin, peas, vetch. To get a green hay, need hay in Sunny weather. Drying will be done under the influence of wind and sun. This method allows to obtain the highest quality hay.
3
If you do hard work in remote areas for the passage of equipment, skachivaya grass plain old way using braids. This method is now rarely used. With the advent of tractors with mowers cleaning and hay is very easy and fast.
4
Dry grass in swaths throughout the day, constantly turning it with a rake or tedder tractor. The evening will fold mown hay in small stacks. In the morning again leave to dry. This method need dry until fully cooked. The willingness of hay is determined by the twisting beam, if the grass is easy to curl, but not broken, and no signs of excessive moisture content, then it's time to make a stack or bales with a tractor.
5
In hot weather, drying takes two to three days. If it was raining, the quality of hay is lost, instead of green you can get brown hay, in which much less vitamins and nutrients.
6
In inclement weather, to dry, use stakes or poles, having made of them a cruciform cross, which apply slightly dried grass. This method does not guarantee that the hay is not moldy and is suitable for feed purposes. That's why it's so important to prepare the hay in good weather.

Advice 2: When harvested birch twigs

Broom is an indispensable attribute bath procedures, using it injected steam and massage the skin. Kinds of bath brooms there is quite a lot, but in Russia, due to natural and climatic characteristics, the most widely birch broom.
When harvested birch twigs
Branches and birch leaves, which are used for the manufacture of bath brooms, of course, are exclusively biological and natural materials. It is known that the leaves of this tree emit phytoncides, purifying the surrounding air. And due to its high porosity they are also able to absorb sweat and stick to the human body.

Brooms from birch convenient and practical to use, useful to the body and to human health. That is why they have become widespread as an indispensable attribute bath procedures. In Russia you can find about 50 species of this remarkable tree. The most suitable for leaf production is the weeping birch, which differs from other flexible and long branches.

Preparation of the material



Harvest birch twigs are best in July, as it is this time of year in most regions of Russia the leaves are still soft and young, but has already reached the desired size. The optimum length is considered to be a thin branch of 50-60 cm Branch should be green in color, to one side of the paper was velvety and smooth on the other. All the leaves should be extremely healthy. If you use the rough sheets, the broom will be tough. It is best to cut its side branches or those that are at the roots. In addition, cut branches should be carefully and gently so as not to damage the tree.
According to ancient custom brooms is harvested on the day of Pentecost, which happens on the 49th day after Easter. It usually starts at the beginning-mid June. In some regions of the Russian Federation at this time, the birch tree may not blossom, and others to throw away the earrings.


Binding brooms



Binding of the broom – the next important stage of preparation. The place where the handle should be cleaned from twigs and leaves, and then to associate the broom so that he got flattened. It is worth remembering that the broom should be light, in order that they could swing as long as you want without getting tired.

All collected branches near the handle you need to wrap the twine or thick rope. To hands were callused, the handle of the broom is better to wrap in a cloth or bandage. After that, the broom should be well dried by placing it in a ventilated dark place where sun does not reach.
In birch leaves is essential oils, tannins, vitamin C, provitamin A. parks After the skin is smooth, stretchy, nice colors.


In order to keep the smell and all the benefits birch broom, it must be kept in a haystack in the attic or in the garage. Better use of tight storage plastic bag – it will definitely allow you to preserve all the useful properties of brooms.
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