Advice 1: How many guitar chords

Chord is called any set of three (or more) of notes that you can strum on the guitar. For each such chord, we can write the appropriate designation, the number of which can reach several million. So how many guitar chords there are and what exactly you understand under this term?
How many guitar chords

The number of chords for the guitar



The guitar can dial five thousand chords, of which there are seven major and seven minor major chords. In music, typically used a few hundred of them is enough to know only twenty chords, they will be enough for the execution of almost any song. Guitarists-fans mean by "chord" of his particular fingering, which in unprofessional practice, not so much.
There are basic chords that can be played in different ways, just moving the fingers in a particular position.


In most cases, the fingerings of basic chords easy are transposed to another tonality by using the Capo or Barre. In this regard, they cannot be called a new chord – although many self-help books on playing the guitar like to specify a huge number of chords, emphasizing its significance. In fact, for mastering the guitar enough knowledge of the basics of musical notation and a few fingerings.

The chord structure



All of the classic chord based on the chord, which, in turn, consists of three notes located by the transfer of one or more notes one octave higher or lower. There are several types of triads, you can take the guitar minor, major, enlarged and reduced. In addition to the classical chord structure, there are also chords built on the fifth or fourths. An unordered combination of several notes is called a cluster. Also, in addition to the standard fingerings to distinguish between professional jazz fingerings, requiring for its execution the increased flexibility of the fingers and a high level of coordination.
In addition, a well-known extra types that do not apply to a home practice guitar.


All the chords you can build more than three notes – you have to add to the triad a seventh chord of 4 notes, nonchord of 5 notes and undecimated and artsdatabanken. The last two chords are used exclusively by professionals. In addition, you can add triads, augmented second, quart and sixth, where the fourth note is always in a certain period of time to one of the main notes of the triad.

Any note of a guitar chord (except for the fundamental note) may be reduced or increased a semitone (arteriovenous). Easy lover guitar this technique is almost not necessary because it is directly tied to the chord, not the fingerings.

Advice 2: How to pick guitar chords

The selection of chords will not cause any difficulties for the musician, especially if he has perfect pitch. Sweat will mostly newcomers. But this ability, if desired, can be developed (as, indeed, and hearing).
How to pick guitar chords
Instruction
1
First of all, you have quite a good understanding of what chords and what they are. And, of course, be able to play. This does not mean that you will be able to find them easily. Playing notes is not to be able to identify them by ear. But the basic skills still have to be (just as knowing the letters of the alphabet makes it easier to build words). And the more you play, the easier it will seem, the task of selection of the accompaniment. To start narbutaite experience on playing songs you already know chords (please read special books or relevant websites for guitarists).
2
Before you proceed to the selection of the accompaniment, listen to the whole song. Most musical pieces have a repetitive structure, divided into the so-called "squares" (slang for the musicians themselves - repeating chord changes). There is a chain of chords (i.e., squares), which is constantly replicated in the verses, the choruses. Watch the change of such chains for the entire song.
3
Mark, what parts of the melody are replaced by chords. Pieces occlusivity song, trying each chord to determine the main tone, i.e. the note from which a chord is built. Identifying, sing the sound, he is best remembered. Then "find" it on one of the bass strings (it should sound in unison with the chord in the song). From found notes build harmony. There is not should be difficulty. So, if you have determined that the basic tone - "to" ( "C" in letter notation), the chord will, respectively, or Cm (depending on the major or minor it is). As a hint you hold a sign with simple chords, which shows how to play so you don't have to build them yourself. Now listen to the song on that track where you already know the chord changes to another. And similarly sing the following, find its basic tone, etc. Write down all the chord letter symbols (C, D, Fm, etc.). At some point you will notice that the chord progression started again. Since then, the selection process will go much faster, since the basis of the accompaniment is already there. But the chorus will probably have to pick apart, in the same way.
4
Most often songs are written in any key. Knowing it, you will simplify the process of selection of the accompaniment. The tone is often determined by the final chord or note, and sometimes on the first. This knowledge will greatly help you, if you are already familiar with basic music literacy (so learn the notes and scales!). Knowing, for example, that a song written in C major, you are not going to act blindly, as before, and immediately begin to construct chords from the notes included in this tonality (i.e., for example, notes "FA" and not "f-sharp", "C" and not "b flat", etc.). And train your hearing and auditory memory. Over time, the process of "finding" the desired chord on the guitar fretboard will not take you a minute.
Note
Playing songs, you'll notice that they often use standard chain chords. This will help you in the future.
Useful advice
Record you found chain of chords.
Listen to "obscure" place in the song until you determine the main tone.
Practice! Find tabs different chords, play them. Try for yourself different sequence.

Advice 3: How to quickly learn chords

Performance of any song, requires the accompanist the ability to quickly rearrange the chords. A professional usually does not think about it, and aspiring musician thinks painfully every time him where he could put his fingers. That it moved from a dead point, you have to stop every time to count strings and frets.
How to quickly learn chords
You will need
  • guitar;
  • - tablatures;
  • - the chord;
  • - table of sequences of chords.
Instruction
1
Remember, what gives the sound of each open string. There are chordsthat you can take, not clamping the strings at all. A seven-string guitar is a g major triad. Six-string guitar provides in this sense a few more features. Alone on the open strings can sound treatment of the e minor and g major triads, and the e minor seventh chord. Note the combination of strings. If you own Barre technique, you have a considerable Arsenal of chords. This combination can take on any fret, so - in any key.
2
Please note that each key has a certain set of chords. Main are built on the first, fourth and fifth steps. To determine the levels very convenient to use the piano keyboard, even if it is just painted. The tone is called the first stage. In C major it will sound. The fourth stage in this key - FA, the fifth Sol. Find these steps in other keys.
3
Analyze what intervals consist of chordsbuilt on these sounds. A major triad consists of the major and minor thirds, and basically the chord a major third is at the bottom. In the minor of the opposite - a minor third under a big.
4
Try to take a sequence of triads in the selected key. The determinant of the chords choose the most convenient position. For beginners suitable sequence that can be played on the first three or four frets.
5
Having mastered three basic chords, learn the dominant seventh chord occurs. It is based on the fifth stage and is to major from large and two small thirds. A major third is at the bottom. In minor the very bottom should be a small third, but minor scales several. Most other common harmonic minor with the raised seventh degree, which falls within the dominant seventh chord occurs. So this chord would be exactly the same as in the same major.
6
Taking the dominant seventh chord occurs, you will feel that it sounds unstable. This chord requires resolution. As a rule, after it is a tonic triad. This is one of the main sequences of chords. Try to play the first and most basic progression. Take the tonic chord, and then the ones that are based on the fourth and fifth steps, the tonic and dominant seventh chord occurs again. Knowing the progression, you can play many works.
Useful advice
Some programs are guitar chord progressions in different keys. In addition, Guitar Pro has a progression of chords, characteristic of different styles.

Advice 4: How to learn to read chords

Everyone who learns to play the piano, guitar, accordion and some other instruments, at some point, faced with the need to preechapanya a particular tune. In the Songbook can be given only the musical line, and above it is a strange notation like "Си7" or Dm. Understand what chords correspond to certain letters and numbers, you will be able to quickly disassemble any zimovku.
How to learn to read chords
You will need
  • - musical instrument;
  • piano keyboard (real, electronic or drawn);
  • - a collection of scales, chords and arpeggios
  • - the chord;
  • - chiprovci;
  • - tablature.
Instruction
1
In cifrovih can be used both Russian and Latin represent sounds. With Russian all is clear: the scale begins with C, ends with the note si. The same letters indicated by a, and the chord built on that sound. In the old and partly modern literature the names of the major chords to write with an uppercase letter, and minor - with a lowercase. That is, the "La" is the La-major triad, and "La" - the same minor.
2
For each key there is a certain set of chords. The most popular of the triad built on the first, fourth and fifth steps. They are used in almost all musical works. This is the famous "three chords". Select any key, find the desired stage, and build chords. Basic chords are built by thirds. For example, in a major key the tonic triad is located at the bottom of a major third, down - low, and in a minor key - on the contrary. These chords are denoted by the name of the sound, from which they are built.
3
Let's see what are the treatment of each chord. Conversion is the transfer of the lower sound up. This changes the chord structure. Downstairs can be not only third, but second. Intervals better to learn from. In cifrovih treatment tonic triads are referred to as T6 or Т46, where T is the first step of this key. Your refer to have cases of dominant seventh chord occurs. It is built on the fifth degree of the tonality and is denoted by the numeral 7.
4
Learn Latin denoting sounds. The scale in this case starts with notes La, which is denoted as A. Then the names are in alphabetical order. Thus in Russian (mostly old) music and Western there is a slight difference. In the Russian tradition, the letter is denoted by a b flat in the West sea clean. Old Russian cifrovih si is N. Now, Russian musicians are increasingly using Western option designations.
5
Learn how to distinguish a major chord from a minor. Before and in the designation of a Latin there was the same tradition as in Russian musical literature, a major that is designated by a capital letter, minor - lowercase. However, increasingly across ciprovci, which used only capital letters, and a minor chord is written as Am, BM, cm, etc.
6
Use musical computer programs. Guitar Pro or Guitar Instructor will become your reliable assistant, even if you play on another instrument. These programs have built-in determinants of chords, where you can learn and designation, and the structure and circulation, and even sequence in a particular key.
7
If you play the accordion or the accordion, learn quanto-the circle of fifths. For other tools, the sequence of appearance of sharps or flats is not as important, but the accordion buttons of the left hand are arranged according to this principle. To one side of the button, which is usually marked somehow, are the flat keys in the other., in order of appearance, the following key characters.
Note
Note that the scales have a certain number of tones and semitones in a strict order. For example, the structure of major scales - 2 tone gray, 3 tones and a semitone. The piano is such a sequence without using the black keys is only possible when building scales from the sound, that would be C major. In all other cases, is to raise or lower the relevant stage. In the notes this is denoted by the key characters on the keyboard is to press the black keys is located next to white. The minor can be natural, harmonic and melodic. The structure of the scales can be seen, if you play a scale starting on La on some white keys. It turns out 1 tone - semitone, 2 tones and a semitone, 2 tones. In harmonic minor raises the seventh step, the melodic movement up to sixth and seventh. There are other varieties, but in the accompaniment they are used not so often.
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