Advice 1: How to flush automatic transmission

During operation of the vehicle, the automatic transmission is subjected to severe wear. Therefore, as a preventive measures should be flushing the transmission and changing the oil in it.
How to flush automatic transmission
You will need
  • oil
For the successful conduct of this operation be double the amount of oil, half of which will go to flush the system. After that we'll drive the car on a viewing hole or lift it up on the lift. Then disconnect the cooling hoses from the transmission. For high-quality implementation of the wash, find a special device that connects to the cooling system.
Install the transmission in the Park position and connect the hoses of the device to the cooling system of the automatic transmission. Then start the engine and let it work for a few minutes. Then stop the engine. Carefully remove the pan, which can accumulate quite a large amount of oil, so be careful when performing this procedure.
Disconnect the filter and examine it carefully. If it is quite dirty, then replace it with a new one. Along the way, thoroughly wash the pan and clean it from dirt. Put in the pan a new gasket. Then set it in its place and pour oil into the transmission, making sure the level using the dipstick.
Start the engine and start washing. Signal the end of this operation is that the infused amount of oil will still pour. During this time, the liquid passes through the filter unit for about 5-6 times. Add the oil to the proper level, then disconnect the hoses from the washing machine. Do not forget to connect the cooling system and put in place protection for the engine and transmission, if they are the place to be.
After completion of the work check the operability of the transmission in motion, at the same time evenly distributing the oil inside the automatic transmission. To do this, carefully place your arm into different positions, making sure that it was not background noise, grinding, and all the switching should be smooth and clear.

Advice 2: How to adjust automatic transmission

The adjustment process of the automatic transmission is the smoothness of switching low and high transmission. Such adjustment is achieved by reducing or increasing the length of the cable transmission, and throttle position.
How to adjust automatic transmission
Turn on the ignition and look at the instrument panel. CHEK if the bulb is not lit and shows no faults, then open the hood and check the TPS sensor (throttle position). Lower the set screw, lift the flap up to the stop and release it suddenly. In response, you will hear a click, that says that valve hit the stop. Tighten up the set screw again and click the shutter, try to catch the moment when valve will stop to "snack".
Loosen the screws and connect the multimeter to the idle contact (IDL), which is usually on the TPS connector second from the top or bottom. Insert the feeler gauge with a thickness "N" between the stop screw and the throttle. Gently rotate the sensor and make sure that the opening of the valve needle started to move – this is the beginning cutoff idle. Lock the screws.
Inspect the engine if there is the bypass adjustment screw idling, then just turn it in that if the other. If the screw is there, the motor has a special regulator, which is located at the bottom of the damper unit. For configuration, tighten up the two screws located on it.
Adjust cable of automatic transmission. To do this, check worn to completely cover the rope on the metal thickening. Soft switching is achieved by lengthening the length of the cable, it is necessary to Unscrew one nut and the other on the contrary, spin. To increase the rigidity do the reverse operation of nuts that will reduce length.
Check out how it works "kick-down". To do this, enter the speed of 50 km/h and then sharply pedal to the metal. Let's see how to behave in automatic transmission and car in General. If configured correctly, rpm will increase rapidly, the car "sit down" and abruptly jerk forward. Keep the pedal to the gearbox itself has to switch from low gear to higher. If you chose the wrong length of rope, the engine will just gain momentum, and the automatic transmission will be silent.
How to adjust <strong>automatic transmission</strong>

Advice 3: How to correctly switch automatic transmission

In contrast to the shift lever on the mechanical box, on cars with automatic transmission is the arm of RVD, which stands for "lever shift". Floor-mounted to the side of the driver or on the steering column, they have about the same set of provisions for linkage. These provisions are designated by Latin letters "P", "R", "N", "D (D4)", "3 (D3)", "2", "1 (L)". In fact the lever has a release button dangerous switches and mode button "OD".
How to correctly switch automatic transmission
Position "P" – Parking. In this position, the lever locks the output shaft of the box, and cannot move the car. Selected during long Parking. To avoid damage to the automatic transmission transfer RVD in position "R" only with the full stop and the stillness of the car.
Position "R" – reverse, reverse. Include only when the vehicle is stationary. Translation into "R" when moving the car forward will cause breakage of the automatic transmission, the drivetrain and even the engine itself.
Position "N" – neutral. In this position, RVD all the elements of the automatic transmission is disabled, the machine moves freely. Use when towing your car at low, no more than 70 km distance.
Position "D" or "D4" driver. The main mode when the vehicle is moving forward. Transmission automatically switches from the first upshift and back depending on the degree of pressing the accelerator and use the brake pedal.
Position "3" or "D3". Occurs in four - and five-speed automatic transmission. In this position, RVD uses only 3 forward gears. Turn on when in city traffic with frequent slow downs, as well as on dirt roads with ascents and descents.
Position "2" – move forward only at the first and second gear. For driving on dirt, forest, wetland roads at speeds of 40 – 50 km/h. Due to the possibility of engine braking, mode protects and saves the brake pads.
Position "1" or "L". Mode is recommended when driving off-road, snow, steep descents and climbs. Be sure to enable this option if the car is stuck in a rut. In this work the gas pedal, using only 1/3 of the full stroke.
On the arm of RVD, under threat of switching is a button "OD" – overdrive, high range. Use it at a sufficiently high speed 80 – 100 km/h and, if necessary, a sharp increase in speed, e.g. when overtaking. Go to a higher gear, provided on the dashboard is not illuminated the inscription "OD OFF". If the "OD OFF" lights up, switching to light transmission is prohibited.
While driving the vehicle do not press the locking threat of switching from position "D" to "R" and "R". This can lead to serious damage and failure of the automatic transmission!

Advice 4: Than flush the engine cooling system

The engine cooling system of any car is vulnerable to plaque and scale. If you use a special purified water and a good quality antifreeze, flush the system will have less. For washing you can buy designed for this purpose solutions or to use improvised means.
Than flush the engine cooling system
If flushed the antifreeze came out the flakes of scale, the cooling system, it is time to rinse. Formed on the walls of the plaque to soften, in order to remove it. Make it alkaline or acidic solutions. However, such liquids not only removes the scales, but also harm the cooling system, so don't get too often to make it clean.

What are the solutions for flushing the cooling system most common

Prepare a 5% solution of caustic soda (50-60 g per liter of water) or a solution of sodium carbonate (100-150 g per liter of water). One of these solutions must be poured into the engine cooling system and pour in 10-12 hours. Then pour water or antifreeze.

6% lactic acid solution is poured into the cooling system is heated to 30-40 °C. this Is washing liquid by dissolving one kilogram of 36% strength lactic acid in five liters of water. After filling the solution will begin releasing carbon dioxide. As soon as this stops, you need to drain the fluid and flush the cooling system with plain water.

0,5% solution of bichromate of the engine cooling system is filled for 15 minutes. For preparing the wash fluid on the basis of hydrochloric acid per liter of water take 53 ml of active substance. The system is filled the resulting solution, and after draining several times washed with water.

The cooling system of the new car is better to wash out the normal boiled water. The engine should idle for about 20 minutes. After this the water from the system is drained. If the liquid is cloudy, the procedure is repeated. The result should come out the same clean water, some flooded.

Flushing the engine cooling system special tools

Sale in specialized stores chemicals there are special liquids for rinsing of the cooling system of the engine. This professionally prepared compositions which not only effectively, but also the most gently remove scale and plaque from the walls.

Ingredients such liquids are different detergents in the complex. That is why special solvents remove different types of stains that can occur on the inner surfaces of cooling systems. When using these tools, you need to carefully read the instructions and follow it strictly. Usually after flushing the system with a special solution, we again need to rinse it with water to remove residual substances.
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