What to do with high blood sugar levels
If the blood test showed excess glucose in the blood, first check the status of your health. Do ultrasound of the pancreas, provide additional tests for pancreatic enzymes and the presence of ketone bodies in the urine, visit a doctor, endocrinologist with the results. If diabetes and other serious diseases have not been found, it is possible to reduce the level of blood sugar diet. Causes of increased sugar can be different: the common cold, pregnancy, severe stress, but most often it is the excessive consumption of carbohydrates and foods with a high glycemic index.
If you do not start to eat properly, the constant surges of sugar will lead to the development of diabetes.
Diet for elevated blood sugar levels
The level of glucose in the blood after the person eats food with a high glycemic index is, as a rule, products with a large number of so-called simple carbohydrates. It is sweets, bread, pasta, potatoes. Glucose in their composition is immediately absorbed into the bloodstream, rapidly increases blood sugar and the hormone insulin secreted by the pancreas, is necessary to reduce this level. At constant races of sugar insulin fails to produce, the metabolism, which can lead to the development of diabetes. Eliminate from your diet all sweets containing refined sugar: jam, candy, cakes, chocolate. The first time it is also advisable not to eat honey, raisins, bananas and grapes that also have a glycemic index. Forget the chips, buns and other fast food, reduce the consumption of potatoes.
It is advisable not to use sweeteners, some of them also increase the level of glucose in the blood, while others are harmful to the body.
Include in your menu more healthy products that reduce blood sugar levels. This is all kinds of vegetables: cucumbers, cabbage, lettuce, zucchini, eggplant, carrots, greens. Replace regular bread products from wheat flour with added bran. Instead of potatoes, eat more cereals: buckwheat, millet, oatmeal, wild or brown rice. White rice and semolina it is desirable also to exclude.
Fruit is useful to eat apples, citrus, as well reduce blood sugar black currant, cranberry and other berries. Include in the diet more low-fat protein foods: cottage cheese, fish, poultry, eggs, dairy products. Eat nuts and legumes, they also reduce glucose levels.
The content of substances in the human diet with sugar levels higher than normal should be: 45% complex carbohydrates, 30% fats and 25% protein. It is also important not only to eat right, and eat in the same hours at least four, and better five or six times a day gradually.