Advice 1: How to strengthen the slope of the ravine

Sometimes gardeners-gardeners get the plot with a slope. Sometimes a suburban area adjacent to a ravine and there is a danger that gradually downhill will begin to slide beds. Other country house is right on the edge of the ravine. In all these and similar cases, the slopes should be strengthened. There are several reliable ways of strengthening the ravines.
How to strengthen the slope of the ravine
You will need
  • - willow branches;
  • - grass seeds;
  • - tree seedlings;
  • Board;
  • - pegs;
  • - strengthening structures (geocells beauty, geogrids, geotextiles etc.);
  • stones;
  • - logs;
  • - concrete blocks.
Instruction
1
Determine the approximate value of the slope. In case of medium and small grades (6-8%) slope should be reinforced with plants. In Central Russia, a popular plant for strengthening of slopes is willow (other names: willow, willow, willow, osier, purple willow). Cut the willow branches with a length of 50-70 cm, with a diameter of 1-2 cm and stick them along the slope crosswise in the manner of a low fence. If the soil is moist, branches even not necessary to water, they will soon go into growth and will represent a hedge. The root system of the willow is powerful, wide, winter hardy, it will certainly not be allowed to spread on the slope.For strengthening of slopes suitable for such trees as aspen, oak, Rowan, alder, larch.
2
Can strengthen gentle slope, and herbs. Suitable for this purpose are considered kirkazon, celastrus, Timothy-grass, creeping wheat-grass, awnless brome, etc. you Can buy in the store ready grass seed mixture "Road".Slope (even a fairly steep – up to 45%) will be strengthened with herbs thoroughly, if you be smart and pick the grass with vertical and horizontal rhizomes. So, one species of grass with an extensive root system (up to 2 metres in depth), strengthen the slope vertically, and the other kind – with a fast vegetative development, firmly fix the surface of the slope horizontally. Together, interlacing, they create a great strengthening of the walls of the ravine.
3
Can use strengthening design. Such as geogrid, beauty, geogrids, geotextiles, etc. Geogrid, made of plastic and rubber, spread on a slope, fix the pegs and fill cells with gravel or earth. Can sow grass, its roots will further strengthen the soil.For reinforcement of steep slopes can use the geogrid is a polyester or of glass fibers. It has a high degree of rigidity that allows it to withstand substantial loads. The slope is not "crawling", even after heavy rains.
4
Can use the method of terracing of the slope. It is to install barriers through 1 meter of boards which are fixed by means of stakes driven into the ground pegs. Get this multistage slope at each such step can be to form ridges if the slope is on your land.
5
If plants, geogrids and terraservice not save and the slope continues to slide, settle down, reinforce it with rocks, logs, concrete and ceramic blocks embedded in the ground.
Useful advice
Method of strengthening the slope of the ravine depends on the purpose - to prevent further slipping of the ravine, to give the slope a decorative look, use it as additional land for the garden, to strengthen the construction.

Advice 2: How to strengthen the ravine

You have just entered into the country partnership. Your happiness is no limit, you want as soon as possible to settle in a new place. And all would be great, but on the border of the plot runs a deep ravine, which tends to increase. Of course, over time it can be converted into a beautiful pond, but in any case the banks will have to strengthen.
On the side of a ravine, you can arrange a rock garden
You will need
  • Board
  • Wooden pegs
  • Cuttings of willow, physocarpus, Fieldfare or other shrubs with well-developed root system
  • Grass seeds
Instruction
1
If you are not able to immediately carry out large-scale construction works, arrange on the slope of the ravineand lawn. The turf is excellent strengthens the slopes. The ground under the grass should be slightly loosened and seed. Deep digging is not necessary, you need to the seeds are not washed away by rain, and that the slope is not destroyed any time.
2
You can plant shrubs with extensive root system. If the ravine is located on a Sunny place, Saskatoon, snowberry. On the shaded side will catch a Fieldfare and physocarpus.
3
The deep ravine can be issued under the terrace. Mark the slope of the ravineand starting from the bottom. Every meter of the height, draw a horizontal line. The lines at regular intervals hammer the wooden stakes so that they were slightly at an angle to the slope of the ravine. Route the Board. Better to put them on edge so they rest on the pegs. For pegs and boards must ensure that they are not rotted and time to change. Sit on the terrace willow or sea buckthorn. Pegs for terraces can also be made from thicker willow branches. If the ravine is deep and constantly flaking, but is in full sun, can be planted on terraces of a few elms.
4
You can go the other way, turning the disadvantage of a suburban area in the dignity. The slope of the ravineand it is possible to enhance a beautiful retaining wall made of artificial or natural stone. You can arrange a rock garden. The combination of stones and flowers, patios with benches and the climbing frame will give your country site originality.
Note
You can use geogrid. They are made of a special plastic or rubber. If you found them, spread them out on the slope, fill with earth and plant grass.
Useful advice
In the seed store please note if there are special mixtures for strengthening of slopes.

Advice 3: How to strengthen the house

The house, built by professional builders of quality material, can serve their owners for decades. Mistakes made during construction, reduce this period to several years. The most fatal are the mistakes in laying the Foundation. Laid above the level of soil freezing, without the strengthening of the floating soils or elevation, the Foundation will lead very quickly, and hence the deformation of the walls and possible collapse. If you are the victim of unfair work of the contractor, can apply to the court, and the house itself you will need to urgently strengthen.
Make your home your fortress
Instruction
1
Strengthening of the Foundation.
A method of strengthening of Foundation depends on the type of deformation:
1. The integrity of the Foundation. Cracks appeared in the solution. Solution: the injection of grout in cracks and voids.
2. Rotted beams, which under the Foundation was formed of the void, either on the Foundation increased load (superstructure). In this case, be strengthened by making injections of the same solution under the base of the Foundation.
3. In the case that the planned increase in loading is very significant to strengthen the Foundation should vibrotekhnika piles;
4. In the construction of extensions to the house from vibration and deformation of soil, even the most solid Foundation can lead. In this case, apart from the reinforcement piles to enhance the load-bearing walls with metal bands.
5. A universal method to strengthen the Foundation to expand it. Around the house dig a trench to the depth of the base, cleaned from the earth and construction garbage, the Foundation in a checkerboard pattern at a distance of 20 cm hammered reinforcing bars with section of minimum 16 mm. they construct a reinforcing belt, the formwork and pour the concrete.
2
The strengthening of the walls.
If the foundations you figured out, it should be strengthen the walls. The main problem that leads to the destruction of the walls in addition to Foundation is the lack of waterproofing. In this case, the walls of the house put mastic based on bitumen. But this method is not reliable enough, as over time the bitumen foliated and disappears. All the waterproofing will have to upgrade again.
A much more reliable method is the coating of walls of hydrophobic materials which repel water from the surface and also firmly engage with the wall, penetrating into it to a depth of 1 cm.
The most expensive but also the most reliable method: impregnation of walls with special waterproofing compounds. They can completely saturate the wall, becoming one with it.
3
Don't forget to make the withdrawal of groundwater from the walls. For this around the house pulled out a trench that tightly clog with clay.
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