You will need
- - willow branches;
- - grass seeds;
- - tree seedlings;
- - pegs;
- - strengthening structures (geocells beauty, geogrids, geotextiles etc.);
- - logs;
- - concrete blocks.
Determine the approximate value of the slope. In case of medium and small grades (6-8%) slope should be reinforced with plants. In Central Russia, a popular plant for strengthening of slopes is willow (other names: willow, willow, willow, osier, purple willow). Cut the willow branches with a length of 50-70 cm, with a diameter of 1-2 cm and stick them along the slope crosswise in the manner of a low fence. If the soil is moist, branches even not necessary to water, they will soon go into growth and will represent a hedge. The root system of the willow is powerful, wide, winter hardy, it will certainly not be allowed to spread on the slope.For strengthening of slopes suitable for such trees as aspen, oak, Rowan, alder, larch.
Can strengthen gentle slope, and herbs. Suitable for this purpose are considered kirkazon, celastrus, Timothy-grass, creeping wheat-grass, awnless brome, etc. you Can buy in the store ready grass seed mixture "Road".Slope (even a fairly steep – up to 45%) will be strengthened with herbs thoroughly, if you be smart and pick the grass with vertical and horizontal rhizomes. So, one species of grass with an extensive root system (up to 2 metres in depth), strengthen the slope vertically, and the other kind – with a fast vegetative development, firmly fix the surface of the slope horizontally. Together, interlacing, they create a great strengthening of the walls of the ravine.
Can use strengthening design. Such as geogrid, beauty, geogrids, geotextiles, etc. Geogrid, made of plastic and rubber, spread on a slope, fix the pegs and fill cells with gravel or earth. Can sow grass, its roots will further strengthen the soil.For reinforcement of steep slopes can use the geogrid is a polyester or of glass fibers. It has a high degree of rigidity that allows it to withstand substantial loads. The slope is not "crawling", even after heavy rains.
Can use the method of terracing of the slope. It is to install barriers through 1 meter of boards which are fixed by means of stakes driven into the ground pegs. Get this multistage slope at each such step can be to form ridges if the slope is on your land.
If plants, geogrids and terraservice not save and the slope continues to slide, settle down, reinforce it with rocks, logs, concrete and ceramic blocks embedded in the ground.
Method of strengthening the slope of the ravine depends on the purpose - to prevent further slipping of the ravine, to give the slope a decorative look, use it as additional land for the garden, to strengthen the construction.
Advice 2 : How to strengthen the ravine
You have just entered into the country partnership. Your happiness is no limit, you want as soon as possible to settle in a new place. And all would be great, but on the border of the plot runs a deep ravine, which tends to increase. Of course, over time it can be converted into a beautiful pond, but in any case the banks will have to strengthen.
You will need
- Wooden pegs
- Cuttings of willow, physocarpus, Fieldfare or other shrubs with well-developed root system
- Grass seeds
If you are not able to immediately carry out large-scale construction works, arrange on the slope of the ravineand lawn. The turf is excellent strengthens the slopes. The ground under the grass should be slightly loosened and seed. Deep digging is not necessary, you need to the seeds are not washed away by rain, and that the slope is not destroyed any time.
You can plant shrubs with extensive root system. If the ravine is located on a Sunny place, Saskatoon, snowberry. On the shaded side will catch a Fieldfare and physocarpus.
The deep ravine can be issued under the terrace. Mark the slope of the ravineand starting from the bottom. Every meter of the height, draw a horizontal line. The lines at regular intervals hammer the wooden stakes so that they were slightly at an angle to the slope of the ravine. Route the Board. Better to put them on edge so they rest on the pegs. For pegs and boards must ensure that they are not rotted and time to change. Sit on the terrace willow or sea buckthorn. Pegs for terraces can also be made from thicker willow branches. If the ravine is deep and constantly flaking, but is in full sun, can be planted on terraces of a few elms.
You can go the other way, turning the disadvantage of a suburban area in the dignity. The slope of the ravineand it is possible to enhance a beautiful retaining wall made of artificial or natural stone. You can arrange a rock garden. The combination of stones and flowers, patios with benches and the climbing frame will give your country site originality.
You can use geogrid. They are made of a special plastic or rubber. If you found them, spread them out on the slope, fill with earth and plant grass.
In the seed store please note if there are special mixtures for strengthening of slopes.
Advice 3 : How to restore the soil
Soil structure is determined not only by its mineral-based (clay, sand, loam, sandy loam, humus), but the number of living soil organisms that live in it. Earthworms and insects are digging tunnels, forming channels through which deep into the soil do water and air. Their waste products enrich the land and increase productivity. Intensive use of soils by man leads to its depletion.
To restore soil fertility often use compost – rotted organic waste. To the organics was rotting during faster, it is recommended to make a compost pile in layers.
The first layer for better drainage, lay straw, hay or firewood. The next layer may be annual weeds without Mature seeds, pieces of paper or natural fabrics, remnants of fruit and vegetables, small branches of trees and shrubs left after pruning, fallen leaves. Organic waste, cover with a layer of soil and put organic matter again.
In dry weather water the compost with water to speed up decomposition. In the water you can add bioactivators for the enrichment of the composition of beneficial microorganisms, for example, "Baikal". An activator is bird droppings.
In the process of decomposition of excreted nitrogen, necessary for plant life. The gas does not escape, cover your compost pile with polyethylene. Plastic film, also, retains heat and therefore helps accelerate the decomposition of organic matter. To use compost will be ready in approximately 8 months.
To improve the structure of soil is widely applied manure – cow, horse, goat, sheep. Fresh manure use extreme caution not to burn the roots and stems of plants. Better to give him pereplet within six months. In the same way as compost, manure covers to hold the nitrogen.
Many gardeners use to improve the fertility of your plot of leaf humus from the forest. But we must remember that this is depleted the soil in the woods, and exposed tree roots that cause direct harm to the nature. As popular fertilizer is peat. However, environmental scientists are encouraged to opt out of this method, since the depletion and the depletion of peat bogs harmful to the nature as well as the removal of a fertile layer of earth in the woods.
For the enrichment and recovery of soil structure used green manure plants rich in nitrogen, minerals, starch, proteins and sugars. As a green manure often use peas, lentils, clover, alfalfa. The plant stems are not removed for the winter, and leave in the ground. In the spring of decomposed mass with a rake buried in the ground as an organic fertilizer.
One of the characteristics of the soil is its acidity. Zakislenna soil reduces its fertility, as detrimental to the living soil organisms. Indicators of the acidity of the land are plants such as horsetail, plantain, sorrel, Buttercup. To deacidify the soil, it added crushed egg shells, slaked lime, ash.