On different parts of the numerical plane function behaves differently. When crossing the y-axis of the function changes sign, passing through zero value. The monotonous rise may be replaced by a decrease when passing functions through the critical point — the extremes. To find the extrema of the function, the point of intersection with the coordinate axes, the plots repetitive behavior — all of these tasks are the analysis of the behavior of the derivative.
Before beginning the study of the behaviour of the function Y = F(x) consider the scope of permissible argument values. Take into consideration only those values of the independent variable "x" when the existence of feature Y.
Check whether the given function differentiable on the interval of the numerical axis. Find the first derivative of the given function Y' = F'(x). If F'(x)>0 for all values of the argument, the function Y = F(x) on this segment is increasing. The converse is true: if the interval F'(x)<0, the phase function decreases monotonically.
For finding extrema solve the equation F'(x)=0. Determine the argument value x₀ at which the first derivative equal to zero. If the function F(x) exists at x=h and equal Y₀=F(x₀), the resulting point is an extremum.
To determine the found extremum point is a maximum or minimum of a function, compute the second derivative F"(x) the original function. Find the value of the second derivative at the point x₀. If F"(x₀ )>0, then x₀ - point minimum. If F"(x₀ )<0, x₀ is the maximum point of the function.