You will need
- - special soil for orchids;
- - flower pot with holes.
It is impossible to transplant the Orchid in the flowering period. Transplantation should be done only in the presence of poor quality soil, which can harm the roots of plants. The appearance of the orchids will tell you that it is time for transplantation: yellowed, limp leaves of the plant, drooping flower heads.
For the procedure the transplant you need to purchase special soil for orchids, flower pot with holes at the bottom for air circulation, a suitable size for the plant (about 2 cm space from the sides of the bowls should stay, if we omit in it the roots of the flower), expanded clay. Rinse well with a new bowl, disinfect the scissors with alcohol or calcined in the fire.
Before transplanting the Orchid should be watered to its root system softened. Gently remove the plant from the pot, untangling the roots and picking the remnants of the former soil. Carefully review the roots: yellow, white, soft to the touch, remove-is the diseased roots. Slices sprinkle bactericidal agent (activated charcoal, ground cinnamon or powdered charcoal). Now you need to dry the roots. Keep the Orchid outdoors for 2 hours.
Prepare a pot for planting: sprinkle concrete block (1/3 of the height of the pot), the first layer of soil for the Orchid. Gently drop the plant, filling and compacting around, leaving no voids between the roots. To strengthen the orchids should be put back up and tie it to her flower.
Place transplanted plants in a place where no direct sunlight and soak the air around her. The first watering will realize no sooner than a week, and fertilization in a month.
Now a few tips on caring for orchids. To water this flower only after complete drying of the soil. The presence of drainage at the bottom of the pot will help to get rid of excess water. Make watering plants in the morning with filtered warm water 35-40° C. don't forget to humidify the air around the Orchid. One hour after watering you should remove excess water with a cloth with leaves and white stains, if they occur, wipe with diluted lemon juice in the ratio of one to one.
Orchid – photophilous plant, but it should be protected from direct sunlight. The plant lives in dry and dust, likes to "walk" in the fresh air without drafts and requires ambient light for at least 10 hours a day. The temperature in the room where the Orchid grows, should range from 18 to 25°C.
If you properly care for Orchid, she will long to please you with your noble bright colors.
Advice 2: How to transplant orchids
Orchids need to be transplanted periodically and on time. While the colors don't really need large pots. Is more important for them to be regularly in the fresh substrate to the roots has received enough air, and the pot would be evenly dry. The substrate is eventually compacted and decomposed, and the roots receive less air than you need. Because orchids need during transplant.
This should be done once in a year or two. The best time to transplant is early spring, symbolizing the initial phase of development of the plants. The substrate can be updated late summer to early autumn. In the winter during their flowering orchids to transplant is not recommended, otherwise the flowers will not have time to recover. In the summer heat too, flower is better not to transplant. Newly acquired Orchid is better to repot after flowering in the used substrate.
An important role plays also the transplant drainage layer, which is best done from pottery shards, flakes of Styrofoam or pebbles. This layer will ensure the diversion of water from the roots, which is harmful to reside in the water. Be sure to take fresh material for drainage and a new pot (or the old sanitized).
Procedure of transplant: remove the Orchid from the pot, knead it thoroughly from all sides and hit lightly on the bottom of the pot. Then completely remove all the old substrate.
Next fire disinfected scissors, cut off dead roots (if any), old and dead bulbs. Large disinfect the wounds with charcoal powder.
Now fill the pot with drainage material for a quarter. Sprinkle the layer with a small amount of land. Now take an Orchid, put it in a pot, turning in different directions. Also place in the pot the roots that hung before through the edges of the vessel. Be careful with solid roots, which are particularly fragile.
Fill the pot evenly from all sides of the substrate. Also lightly tap the pot on the table to allow the substrate to penetrate into the space between the roots. In this case the root collar of the plant should be above the substrate. Water the plant a day or two, not before. Otherwise with the water in unhealed wounds penetrate bacteria.