Advice 1: How to calculate the proportion of assets

At the present stage of development of market relations every enterprise to take care of the welfare of his financial condition. The financial condition of the enterprise is mainly influenced by its structure of assets. So for businesses important information about the formation of rational and efficient use of its assets. This information, the company can receive due to the calculation of proportions of all the assets of the company.
How to calculate the proportion of assets
Instruction
1
First and foremost, to find the proportion of any assets of the company, you need to find the sum of all assets of the enterprise. The amount of assets of the company calculated by the formula:

A = b+C+D+E+F+G, where A – the sum of all assets of the company; all the real estate of this enterprise; – the sum of the contributions of this company in Bank; D – the total number of machinery and equipment of the enterprise; E – the number of securities belonging to the enterprise; F – cash available assets of the company; G – all patents, trademarks, know-how of this enterprise.

Now, with the amount of assets we can find the proportion of any assets of the company. The assets of the company are monetary, nonmonetary, long-term, working capital, assets, etc. Next, we consider some examples of finding the proportion of the company's assets.
2
In the first example, it is necessary to consider the proportion of long-term assets of the enterprise. The proportion of long-term assets of the enterprise is according to the formula:

(H+J+I)/(A/100), where A - the sum of all assets of the company, H – fixed assets of the enterprise, J – financial investments of the enterprise for the long term, I – intangible assets of the enterprise.
3
In the second example discusses the specific weight of circulating assets of the enterprise. The proportion of current assets is calculated according to the formula:

(L+M+N)/(A/100), where L is the amount of accounts receivable of enterprises, M – the sum of all financial investments of the enterprise for a short time, N – the cash and reserves of the company.
4
The third example shows the calculation of the specific weight of Bank assets. The share of Bank assets can be found by the formula:

(O+P+E+B+S)/(A/100), where O – the cash balance of the enterprise; P – the loan taken by the enterprise; E – the number of securities belonging to the enterprise; all the real estate of the enterprise; S – other objects of ownership of the enterprise of value.
Note
How to find specific gravity?Specific gravity is one of the basic characteristics of matter, showing what weight is the unit volume of the substance. specific gravity is sometimes called the density of matter. Specific weight is expressed in grams per cubic centimeter or in kilograms per cubic meter.
Useful advice
The concept of density is widely used in physics. For example, using a known density, you can easily find the mass of the substance. To do this, just use the formula m=Vd. One unit of density accepted density of substance which mass equal to one if unit volume. The proportion is calculated according to the formula y=P/V. the Ratio of the specific weight and density in proportion to the ratio of weight and body mass.

Advice 2: How to calculate the stock

The calculation of the commodity reserves gives the company the opportunity to analyze how much of the goods stored in the warehouse during the reporting period, how much the company was able to implement, and in what quantity the goods of some names will require a new purchase.
How to calculate the stock
You will need
  • balance or other form of inventory, contracts with suppliers and customers, calculator, Notepad, pen
Instruction
1
Calculate initial inventory. This figure can be found in the balance sheet for the previous period or in any other form of accounting of commodity stocks. The figure at the end of the previous year, as a rule, is transferred at the beginning of the current period. For example, a sewing company "X" is stored in the warehouse the material at a total cost of 1 678 000.
2
Determine the value of the procurement. This value is taken from the contracts with suppliers or other documentation confirming the fact of purchase. Even in the beginning of the year sewing company "X" purchased the material for the sum of 590 000 roubles.
3
Calculate the value of sales. This parameter should reflect the amount of sales that could realize the organization at the beginning of the period. Let the garment company "X" fabric store "Y" bought material to 630 000.
4
Count inventory by the formula:
TZ = NTZ + S – P where
TK – inventory, NTZ – initial inventory S – purchases N sales.
In the above example, TK = 1 678 000 + 590 000 – 630 000 = 1 638 000 rubles.
5
Calculate the stock on every product. For a more qualitative analysis of the movement of goods in the warehouse is necessary to calculate the index of specification for each type of product and its variety. In particular, in our example, TK can be calculated separately for silk, one for woolen cloth, separately for synthetics. While the stock of silk, you can also differentiate by color, density or width of the meter. Therefore, it is recommended to create a special computer program which will track the movement of commodity inventory for each particular product. This will enable the company to respond quickly to the situation – conduct advertising campaigns that promote the sale of goods or urgently to buy raw materials or finished products from the supplier.
Note
The calculation of inventory is recommended every quarter and at the end of the year, which should be reflected in the relevant reporting forms.
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