Advice 1: How to pick up speakers to receiver

Buying the radio in the car, many are thinking about installing new speakers. However, their choice must consider several factors to obtain the maximum useful effect of the purchase.
How to pick up speakers to receiver
Instruction
1
Look closely at the power of your radio. Usually it is specified in the documentation or directly on the device. Remember that here you need a nominal and not maximum power, which often has high value, which is a kind of advertising course manufacturer.
2
Then decide to power speakers, which must be not less than the nominal power of at least one channel of the amp. The optimal value is such that in 2-3 times exceeds the power of radio. After the appearance of the stock, the sound will have minimal distortion, and the lifetime of the column will increase substantially.
3
Pay special attention to the sensitivity of the speakers, which allows you to give it a more loud sound. Don't forget to read the resistance value of the load receiver, after choosing the dynamics need to consider this option. To achieve maximum power it is necessary that the resistance was not less than the minimum value specified on the radio. To reduce the resultant resistance can connect the speakers parallel to each other.
4
Think about where you want to install speakersin the door trim or back panel of the trunk. Depending on this, decide on the number, size and manufacturer of the speakers. Remember that not always a large number of them will affect the sound quality.
5
Also look at the manufacturers, who have long been engaged in production of this equipment, because here you are less likely to buy a defective product. An important factor is the cost of a set of columns, because often that is what is crucial. Don't forget the design and color of installed equipment, which will delight your eyes and ears for a long time.

Advice 2: How to connect speakers to receiver

To connect the speakers to the new receiver, no need to go to the car wash and spend a rather big amount of money. If you know anything about electrics,you can do it yourself.
How to connect speakers to receiver
You will need
  • To connect front speakers to the radio you will need 6 feet of flexible speaker cable 2x0,75 mm 2 rubber corrugations are 14mm in diameter with a rotation of the outputs by 90 degrees. Without turns, but then it will be necessary to carefully wrap the wires with insulation tape so they do not fray about the edges of the holes that you drill in the front doors, as the manufacturer is not provided in the doors, no wiring.
  • To connect the rear speakers, you will need 11 metres of speaker wire 2x0,75mm. Here can be applied not very flexible cable, suitable even for the ordinary, for home electrics brand of PVA. These wires will lie still during the entire period of operation, so they were not in danger.
Instruction
1
In the front door directly under the top hinge closer to the outer skin, make a hole with a diameter of 13mm. The second hole should be drilled at 100mm below when you open the door the wire was turned, not bent over. Then it will last a long time. Try how to house the wire in the door and mark with a marker the area of the wire passing through the corrugation, with a small margin.
2
At the point of exit from the body and the entrance of the door numatyta 5 layers of adhesive tape.
3
Wear corrugation and with the help of thin steel wire, tighten the wire in the door. Attention! In order not to damage the insulation necessary uglenite wire to make it easier went. Part of the wire that goes inside the body, cannot be laid under carpets – where the wire can easily be damaged, it must be tied with tape to the total transaction.
4
Output wire to the location where it will be installed radio. Leave a margin of 30...40 cm, for easy connection (if you need to remove the radio and put the other) and do the same work with the second front door.
5
The wiring for the rear speakers need to make one Board machine, for example, on the left, driver side. You should always strive to gather the wires in a harness.
6
Fold the wire in half penalty. One of the ends pull the meter and as such smithite the wires with insulation tape. Place bend cut pliers.
7
Now I have to put the resulting bundle of wires in the car. To lay better along the sill. For greater reliability, the section of harness that passes across the floor, can be tightened in plastic corrugation for electrical cables. Part of the harness that passes directly over the rear parcel shelf can be mounted with plastic clips.
8
The section of the harness at the front of the car also lift off the floor and attach with tape to the main wiring, and then output to the same place already plumbed for front speakers. Then to not look for where a wire is, the better their mark immediately. For example, "front right" or abbreviated English FR. The rest: front left FL, rear right RR, rear left - RL. Repeat with the rest of the acoustic wires the same. After that, if wires are the same color with or without stripes along the veins, and not in each pair to distinguish between conventional plus and minus, it is necessary to mark the negative lead.
9
When the wires are labeled, check the tester for short circuit between cores and in the absence thereof, they can be plugged in to the connector to put the radio in place.
10
Then check the speakers on compliance of the nominal resistance. Modern stereos to fit speakers with a coil resistance of 4 Ohms. If the device shows a resistance of 3.2-3.6 Ohm, can set up speakers in the prepared location and connect them to the speaker wiring. The main thing - not to reverse the polarity, otherwise the bass will not be enough. Please note that the speaker terminal is not in contact with metal parts of the machine.
11
When everything is connected, test the system.

Advice 3: How to choose speakers for amplifier

When installing a serious audio equipment must comply with many parameters. In particular, the power of the speakers should not exceed the possible power of the amplifier. At the same time, to gain maximum effect from the acoustics, it is important to accurately calculate the power of the speakers that it was slightly below the corresponding parameter of the amplifier.
How to choose speakers for amplifier
Instruction
1
To start with the power parameter, the lack of which affects the volume and dynamics of the playback. Amplifier output power cannot be greater than the capacity of the entire system. Otherwise, the amplifier may cause damage to the speakers. For example, for a room of 20 square meters is enough acoustics to 80W, and for premises with a total area of 40m2 suitable capacity of 150W.
2
Note the sensitivity of the equipment. The higher it is, the better, because in this way you do not have to pick up a very powerful amplifier.
3
Determine the frequency range within which the speakers can play audio. Acoustics should reproduce the entire audio range (2 to 40000 Hz). Although, if the system includes a subwoofer, it is possible to neglect some of the low frequencies.
4
Also look at the speaker type. If columns active, then each frequency is additionally processed by a separate amplifier. As a result of the dynamics connected directly to the amplifiers, which improves sound quality and gives a wider range of play. Passive system requires mandatory installation of an external amplifier, but does not need to be connected to the linear signal for each column separately, which is necessary in active acoustics.
5
An important parameter is the type of case. Most commonly used bass reflex design. Transient characteristics of acoustics well improves the body of the closed type, but degrades the transmission of the lower frequencies.
Useful advice
When choosing the type of acoustics you need to consider several factors. For example, you can get a deeper bass with the installation of the flooring system but it is considerably more expensive than ceiling speakers.

If it is not too powerful, which is typical and has a ready solution, then it is supposed to acquire the same typical amplifier. Any regular phonics will work well with the usual amplifier.

Advice 4: How to connect speakers to the amplifier

To connect the speakers to the amplifier, it is necessary to replace the standard factory wiring acoustic more powerful. For this purpose, use a speaker cable section 2x1,5mm with a stripe along one conductor as a regular acoustic wiring is made of wires of smaller cross-section and has a resistance, which lost 30% of the power strip need to determine the polarity of the connection.
How to connect speakers to the amplifier
You will need
  • To buy a suitable amplifier of appropriate power, dynamics and a set of power and speaker cables. Power cable with a diameter of 8mm are ideal for power amplifier 4x50w and 15mm for amplifier 4х100Вт. Speaker cables should be at least 2x1,5mm, in addition, you will need a fuse rated for currents up to 60A and the holder for it should also have a linear wire and a control wire.
Instruction
1
Standard wiring can not be removed, it does not interfere, it is necessary to cancel the card it will come in handy for other purposes, for example, to connect stop lamp, additional turn signals. Disabling regular acoustic wiring, proceed to pull the new speaker wire. To tighten in the door, use thin steel wire. The wire preferably tighten inside the regular corrugations. So it won't be noticeable that the machine was doing something, and on the other hand, the manufacturer took care of the path layout of the wire harness. Tightened the door wire need to be fixed the same way as was secured regular wire, then it will last a very long time. Inside the cabin of the car, acoustic wire is preferably laid in a single wiring General wiring. Finished one door, you can put a speaker on the prepared place and plug in the appropriate polarity.
2
Standard wiring can not be removed, it does not interfere. It is necessary to cancel the card it will come in handy for other purposes, for example, to connect stop lamp, additional turn signals. Disabling regular acoustic wiring, proceed to pull the new speaker wire. To tighten in the door, use thin steel wire. The wire preferably tighten inside the regular corrugations. So it won't be noticeable that the machine was doing something, and on the other hand, the manufacturer took care of the path layout of the wire harness. Tightened the door wire need to be fixed the same way as was secured regular wire, then it will last a very long time. Inside the cabin of the car, acoustic wire is preferably laid in a single wiring General wiring. Finished one door, you can put a speaker on the prepared place and plug in the appropriate polarity.
3
Remove the front seat, placed under a Mat, a sheet of plywood 10mm thick. It will be attached to the amplifier using the screws. Putting an amplifier on his future place, put the seat back and try to when moving the seat, it did not touch the amplifier.
4
If all goes well, proceed to the output power of the power wire to the amplifier in the engine compartment. For this purpose in the front wall of the body of the drill 16 mm hole and insert the rubber ring with the hole for the wire. Threading wire and pull it to the positive battery terminal.
5
Attach along the entire length to the wiring harness or using clips for attaching wire to the body and connected to the positive battery terminal. Near the terminals, it is necessary to install the power fuse that will save the machine in case of short circuit at the other end of the wire.
6
Output positive power wire to the power block of the amplifier and plug it in. Next, connect the power negative. In contrast to power plus, it is not necessary to pull so far. It is sufficient to connect the vehicle body with the bolt M6 at the nearest convenient place and do not forget to clean off the contact paint, and that it is a good insulator.
7
When the wire is attached to the body, the head of the bolt from the street must be covered with a layer of sealant.
Now, plug the speaker wires according to the diagram, drawn on the acoustic block and plug-in Manager and line wires. Connecting them to the unit, check the how it works custom amplifier and put the seat in place.

Advice 5: How to put in the Field column

Has long been a car is an important part of human life. People can not imagine life without their own vehicles, as it helps to be at the right time in the right place. However long and frequent trips are very tiring. Relieve stress and fatigue behind the wheel will help favorite music. Just set the tape recorder in the car and speakers.
How to put in the Field column
You will need
  • Tools, car speakers, wire, sealant, nails or screws.
Instruction
1
Pick speakers for car. Niva - pretty budget machine, so you should not buy expensive models of speakers. Also decide on the amount and type of purchased speakers. If you want to achieve maximum sound quality, then buy separate speakers for low and high tones. Models differ from each other in size. It is necessary to choose, based on the data of the car.
2
Driving the car into the garage. Apply the Parking brake. Open the hood, remove the spare wheel and remove the negative terminal from the battery. This is to prevent short circuit. Open maximum door in which to install the speakers. You need to buy or to make yourself a catwalk - a special small box in which there will be a column. Carefully remove the door trim. Attach the podium to the bottom with nails or screws. Between the podium and the cladding lay the sealant to vibration from the music they had not issued a rattle.
3
From the radio output wires so that they came to the door. Between the door and wing technical hole. Through him, you need to thread the wire, attaching pre-sharp edges on the rubber gasket. Leave a little wire to the door quietly opened and closed until it stops. Connect the wires to the column and install the cover back. Since the other door will do exactly the same. To install the rear speakers, they need to punch in the regiment. Run the wiring either through the Central tunnel or under the skin on the floor.
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