Advice 1: How to detect syphilis

Syphilis is a common sexually transmitted disease that claimed many lives in the past. At present, syphilis can be successfully treated. It is crucial to recognize early onset of the disease and to consult a doctor to prevent dangerous complications.
How to detect syphilis
Instruction
1
Infection with syphilis nachnetsya with the penetration into the body of the causative agent — Treponema pallidum. Keep in mind that infection with syphilis can not only sexually but also through saliva, blood, cigarette butts, toothbrushes, spoons, glasses sick person.
2
Inspect your body 2-3 weeks after questionable contact if I suspect disease. In the third week of the incubation period appears the first visible symptom is a hard painless sore. It's called a "chancre".
3
If you see something similar to a chancre, analyze its General condition. It was at this time the primary period of syphilis, which is characterized by appearance of fever, fever, malaise. The patient often suffer from headaches, aching bones, insomnia.
4
Palpate lymph nodes. Swollen lymph nodes, especially those located in close proximity to the chancre, is one of the symptoms of syphilis. To the touch they are firm, elastic, movable, painless.
5
Please note that the incubation period of the disease may take if you were treated with antibiotics for another condition. Syphilis this dosage is unlikely to kill, but to confuse the picture of the disease can very easily. In this case, chancre appears a few weeks later and can be almost invisible.
6
Define the localization of the chancre. The proximity to the genitals evidence of sexual intercourse. The chancre forms at the site of primary introduction into the body of the pale spirochete.
7
Do not hesitate and do not self-medicate! Approximately 45 days after the formation of the primary chancre appears purulent rash all over the body, affecting the skin, mucous membranes of the eyes, internal organs. In the second phase of development of syphilis patients may lose hair. Affects the bones, joints, muscles, nervous system, heart and blood vessels.
8
Contact your doctor immediately as soon as a chancre (even if it is only your suspicion), without waiting for his healing. Without treatment you will not recover. The doctor will study the tissue fluid of chancre, by means of its puncture and diagnosis. Or diagnosis will establish the result of the blood test. Timely started therapy to prevent possible complications, dangerous to life.

Advice 2: Syphilis is curable if

Syphilis is curable. This is confirmed by the negative results of the diagnosis, no specific syphilis lesions of the internal organs, a healthy partner and healthy offspring of patients who received necessary treatment. Cases of re-infection confirms that the syphilis is completely curable, since the contact affected patients with different forms of disease re-infection does not occur. False positive tests or seroresistant can be for several reasons ─ are the people are healthy, but they need to visit the doctor once a year.
Syphilis is curable if
Syphilis is an infectious disease that is sexually transmitted, affects the nervous system and internal organs. Perhaps the complete purification of the organism from pathogen ─ Treponema pallidum, the syphilis is curable. But if the body already has irreversible changes, modern medicine can offer only the methods of their compensation.

The ability to effectively treat syphilis appeared relatively recently. In 1943, when he received the first synthetic penicillin, the "French disease" has receded. Before that for many centuries the treatment of syphilis was ineffective, and doctors refused to help patients with shameless disease. Surprisingly, Treponema pallidum is still not lost susceptibility to the simplest antibiotic, and syphilis can be successfully treated with penicillin drugs. To drugs from the group of erythromycin resorted to only in case of Allergy to penicillin.

A single scheme ─ the key to the effectiveness


In the treatment of syphilis, the physician is guided by official regulations approved by the Ministry of health of the Russian Federation. This approach provides high efficiency, uniform circuits allow the patient to continue treatment in any city in the country. Early forms of syphilis are treated on an outpatient basis, which is convenient for the patient. Late forms of syphilis in pregnant women, children and patients who cannot afford the medications are treated in hospital. Care for patients with sexually transmitted diseases, including stationary, turns out to be without having medical insurance throughout the country, irrespective of ' permanent registration.

After the first dose of the drug the patient is recommended to spend some time in hospital, as due to the mass death of treponemes may increase the temperature and symptoms of intoxication. After a few hours the patient's condition is normalized, and subsequent injection of such a reaction is rare.

Necessary to maintain regularity of injection, as it is maintaining the desired concentration of the antibiotic in the blood. If a patient misses an injection, the body begin to form L-forms of Treponema, which are resistant to the antibiotic. The treatment regimen is necessary to change, in such patients often observed seropositivity, that is, the presence of a certain number of L-forms of Treponema, which can potentially be dangerous.

There are antibiotics of prolonged action, injection which can be done less frequently. But these injections are more painful, more likely to cause discomfort, and treatment costs more. The purpose of such drugs is warranted if the patient cannot visit the doctor more than once a week.

If during the year after treatment, the Wassermann reaction remains positive with no tendency to change, the patient is shown a second course of antibiotic therapy and additional restorative therapy. When resistant seropositivity and in the absence of other symptoms, for example, syphilis in sexual partners, the patient is taken to dispensary registration, he is healthy, but he needs to see a doctor.

Preventive treatment and treatment of pregnant women


Preventive treatment is called a warning. His appoint patients whose risk of disease is very high during the year after treatment patients donate blood on a quarterly basis. Pregnant women carry a full treatment even if the diagnosis results are questionable or there is at least one analysis that confirms syphilis.

Positivity


Positivity remains often entire life due to the presence in the body L-forms of Treponema. This leads to self-medication, accidental ingestion of small doses of antibiotics (for example, in the treatment of SARS in the period of undiagnosed syphilis), noncompliance with treatment regimens, poor nutrition and total depletion in the period of treatment. False positive results may indicate other infectious diseases. Often it is observed at illnesses of a liver and tuberculosis.

Some private medical centres by anonymous treatment of syphilis. In STI clinics the treatment of syphilis is carried out only in the presence of the card. On the certificate, the disease is not specified, the employer is not notified and the contact persons are invited without notice to the names that. Syphilis from family members to hide much more difficult, but the doctors are taking maximum effort to keep the family together.

Advice 3: How is syphilis

Syphilis refers to the classic sexually transmitted infections and is caused by a pale Treponema. Pale Treponema undetectable method of stained smears and by cultivation. This complicates early diagnosis, as serologic diagnosis early in the disease ineffective. If a person is not treated the rash with an antiseptic, using a special microscope Treponema can be seen in the discharge of the chancre.
How is syphilis
Syphilis affects the mucous membranes, internal organs and system, and without treatment can lead to disability and death. Previously, syphilis was called the "great APE", as its symptoms are very diverse and easily confused with the manifestations of skin diseases. The main route of infection with syphilis ─ sexual, with a single sexual contact with an infected person only in 30% of cases leads to infection. Latent period, patients almost not dangerous and the risk of infection is 2%, in the period of secondary syphilis characterized by a rash, sores in the genital area the risk of infection is very high.

Sexual transmission


Syphilis transmitted through the classic sexual intercourse, or during oral-genital, oral-anal, and anal sex. For infection is necessary to observe only two conditions: the violation of the integrity of the mucous membranes or the skin and a sufficient number of pale treponem in biological fluids.

Heavy petting with biting, damage to the skin, deep petting and rubbing genitals can lead to infection, if the patient present skin rashes.

Other ways of transmission of syphilis


Possible infection through blood components, transplantation of infected organs. Unsterile instruments in health care facilities, noncompliance epidemic. regime can lead to nosocomial infection with syphilis. A similar mechanism of infection occurs and during intravenous drug use in one syringe. Infection of the medical staff may work in laboratories and hospitals ─ a doctor are particularly prone to infection when carrying out operations and other invasive procedures.

Transplacentary transmission of syphilis is characterized for pregnant women, patients with syphilis. Treponema pallidum crosses the placental barrier, leading to in-utero foetal damage. A child is born with congenital syphilis or dying in the womb. If the mother diagnosed with syphilis, she can't feed the baby breast milk, to avoid infection.

Contact transmission occurs within groups, such as in dormitories, student communes within the family. This is due to the neglect rules of personal hygiene, using other people's toiletries: razors, manicure sets, sponges and towels. The rest of patients with syphilis and their safe isolation, or compulsory hospitalization is not required.

Today often there are forms of syphilis, which is not accompanied by the classic symptoms. This is due to self-treatment, taking antibiotics to treat other infections and the spread of non-traditional forms of sexual activity. In particular, the chancre appears at the anal area, the mouth area, is often diagnosed syphilitic angina. The accessibility and simplicity of serological diagnosis allows you to quickly diagnose syphilis, because patients with the tertiary form of syphilis and late complications almost never occur.

Advice 4: How to get tested for syphilis

Syphilis is a very dangerous infectious disease caused by a pale Treponema and is transmitted primarily through sexual contact in the presence of promiscuous sexual contact. In some cases, the disease does not manifest itself and is defined only by laboratory examination of blood for some reason or other. Some groups of patients are examined prophylactically. If the disease is not timely to identify and treat, the body will be serious damage. In the later stages of syphilis, the cure is simply not possible, because irreversible consequences.
How to get tested for syphilis
Instruction
1
If the disease occurs in a latent form, one survey is not enough. Performed several laboratory tests of blood with the use of different research methods.
2
For syphilis always inspect the food industry workers; pregnant women; children whose mother was infected with syphilis during pregnancy; persons with multiple sexual contacts; in preparation for surgery; donors health workers at risk; people are diagnosed with AIDS, HIV infection, hepatitis. In identifying these persons have syphilis surveyed all contact with them faces.
3
Basically, blood is investigated by the method of Wasserman, but in some cases can be assigned to other laboratory methods.
4
Blood need to pass definitely on an empty stomach in the morning. On the day before delivery of the analysis it is prohibited to drink strong tea, coffee, drinks containing alcohol, medicines containing alcohol, juice.
5
Negative syphilis testing can never be excluded early, or late infection.
6
A positive test indicates the presence of the disease. In the first year after treatment of syphilis analysis may also show a positive reaction.
7
In some diseases and conditions that have nothing to do with the presence in the blood of Treponema pallidum, reaction of blood can give positive results. This can happen during pregnancy, when the presence of diabetes, cancer, pneumonia, vaccination, alcoholism and drug addiction.
8
If a person with syphilis, it immediately hospitalitynet, and will identify all persons who had any contact with an infected person.
Note
Tests for syphilis and its types. Syphilis is the most common on the territory of the Russian Federation the infection is sexually transmitted. Source of infection — syphilis-affected people, particularly those with active manifestations of syphilis fresh on the skin and mucous membranes.
Useful advice
The main type of blood tests for syphilis is serological tests. They are used both for initial diagnosis and for monitoring the results of therapy. Serological syphilis testing is based on the mechanism of formation in the organism of antibodies and their interaction with the special antigen.
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