Advice 1: How to make a ladder to the second floor

The staircase in the house should be beautiful, comfortable, functional. So before you do the stairs to the second floor, it is necessary to think well, where it is located. Best suited hallway. There Lustica on the second floor will look appropriate.
How to make a ladder to the second floor
Instruction
1
A simple wooden ladder can be done independently. However, first it is necessary to carefully calculate everything and make a mock-up staircase out of paper. In this case, will be less likely to make a mistake.
The ladder consists of several main parts. This steps, risers, stringer and the handrail or the railing. The bowstring, which is also called the stringer, it is a carrier Board that holds the rest of the design. Its strength depends on the strength of the entire stairs and the safety of the people who will be on it to rise.
How to make a ladder to the second floor
2
Prior to the design of lestnicy need to choose the height, width, and the width and height of the steps. This is important.
The first parameter that we need to know is the height of the stairs. It is necessary then from this figure to calculate the height of the riser. No need to make it too high, otherwise it will be uncomfortable to walk. The optimum height for lifting is equal to approximately 150-160 mm. Stage should not be too narrow. Their average width shall be at best 350 mm, and in the worst - 250mm.
After everything is clear with the height and width, it is necessary to find a foothold for the future home of the stairs. After that you must attach the stringer to the porch, and to the beam. apotom you can start to cut treads. Thus it is necessary to remember about podstupenej take them into account.
How to make a ladder to the second floor
3
When stair risers are mounted, you can mount the stage with the help of special screws. Then there is a handrail or banister. Railings should be high enough to ensure safety - not less than 900 mm.
Now it is possible to paint the stairs. Paint not only gives the staircase a presentable look, but also protect the tree from damage. You can use oil paint, lacquer for wood surfaces - oil-resin or bezmasljanye. Also suitable nitrocellulose lacquer. If done correctly, a staircase will last for many years.
How to make a ladder to the second floor
Note
Cheapest way to do stairs in the house of wood of deciduous breeds. But stronger will be a staircase made of oak.

Advice 2 : In a room to make a second floor

The most common form of housing is single storey house. Unlike apartment buildings, it has an offline location and together with the outbuildings is a full residential complex. Time passes, the number of families increases and the free space becomes less and less. To cope with this problem very quickly if you increase the living area of the room by means of the construction of the second floor.
In a room to make a second floor
Instruction
1
Before you start over, all carefully ponder, organize a family Council, on which each family member should Express their opinion on the matter. Chat with friends, view magazines and programs on TV - with their help, you will get a lot of interesting and useful information. Draw on paper a schematic drawing of the second floor of a room, draw it the way you would like to see.
2
To begin, you should obtain expert advice on the bearing capacity of the floor of the room and its suitability for the erection of this building. Ask for help to the expert, while he monitored the correctness of their performance, especially the reliability of the connection beams. If necessary he will carry out the most complex transactions and help resolve complex issues.
3
Remember that to create the room on the second floor you will need a lot of building material. Everything should be carefully planned out and prepared in advance.
4
First of all install the strong frame of timber. Then on top of the frame lay the beam of timber. The whole construction should be very carefully attached to the floor and the walls. Attach it with the help of special brackets. Pre-purchase them at the hardware store.
5
Timber work must be well dried. It is better to take glued, as it is most durable and completely ready to go. Pay special attention to the most serious work, especially the connections of details from wood. Then your "double room" will bring you joy for years to come.
6
After you install frame, cover the floor of the second floor boards. Their size and thickness depends on the intended load on the structure. Then put all your efforts and to realize their dreams. Make room like you always wanted to see her.
7
The stairs and the railing on the second floor do depending on the capabilities of the area and their imagination. It can be made of spiral or stairs with a large angle of inclination.
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