You will need
  • For mixing cement or mortar you will need: cement, sand, clay, water, a large metal container or mechanical mixer, shovel, hoe and gardening.
Consider the most commonly used binding materials – cement. It is a key element of building solutions and a variety of concrete mixes. The positive qualities of cementare its strength and quick drying. Cement is divided into two types: aluminous and Portlandcement. The characteristics of aluminous cementand include: heat resistance, fast drying and high water resistance. Basically this group is used in the construction industry. For private construction are used in various brands of Portlandcements. Classification of the grades of cementand it happens at fortress by hardening and can be: low-grade – below 300,the so-called ordinary - 300-400. Brand 500 belongs to the category of high fortress, and 500-600 to vysokotlake. It is not difficult to determine visually the fortress cement. The darker it is, the stronger it is. In everyday life all brands of cementand called the cement, and Portlandcementω is called a cement of high grade (500-600).Features marking cementand: PTS or M - Portlandcement;
D 0 - cement without additives;
D 20 - a cement containing 20% additives;
B - rapid-hardening cement;
N - cement based on clinker composition normalized (normalized cement);
Shpts - seaportercement;
PL - plasticization of cement.
For making cementtion of the solution you need to find out for what purpose it will be used: for brick masonry, to fill the walkways at the house, to plaster the walls. For bricklaying you need a solution in the ratio of 1 to 4, it is necessary to take and fill the container 1 bucket of cementand 4 buckets of sand. Take a garden hoe and dry mix ingredients in layers, mixing hoe mix every 5 centimeters. Mix to obtain a homogeneous mixture. Then add a little water, stir, add water until the solution becomes viscous and sticky. Its consistency should be as thick semolina. Now you can safely seal them with bricks.
To prepare the solution to fill the garden paths make a solution with the ratio 1: 3, ie 1 bucket of cementand 3 buckets of sand. Stir in dry form a hoe, then add water until the solution is a liquid like cream. Pour this solution into a pre-prepared formwork, breaking it into squares thin boards. If you're gonna track a single monolith, it will soon crack. After approximately 2 hours prepare the cementing milk. To do this, take the cement, add water until until it becomes like milk. Pour this milk on the carpet and DAB with a brush. This process is called "zheleznenie", the path will become gray-green and very strong on the surface. For zashtukaturivat walls enough solution to make a 1-to-5 in the consistency of liquid semolina.