Start with the layout of toilets and bathrooms, given the number of permanent residents in the house of the people. Usually for a family of five people one is enough. The bathroom room can be made as combined with a bath (1-3 persons) and separately (more than three). In addition to the main toilets, and sometimes provide additional (guest). It should be noted that it is possible, however it is not advisable to do the toilet next to the kitchen, the most viable option near the bedroom or between the bedroom. Traditionally, when planning, note the location of the bath, washbasin, toilet, bidet and, if space allows, a shower cabin, washing machine. When a duplex house better bathrooms to do on each floor.
Measure your bathroom before you buy sanitary appliances, shower and bathroom. Decide what materials are made of outlet pipes from sinks and baths that will accommodate valves, ventilation ducts and sewer risers. Consider the lighting and fixing the wiring. It should be noted the minimum distance that should be between the wall and the equipment.
Distribute plumbing. The bath is traditionally set one side flush to the wall. If space allows, it is better to put it in the center. Eyeliner make pipes under the floor. Shower you can buy any configuration, but for the rational use of the area the best option is angular, with sliding doors. Leave free space in front of bath of about 70 cm (after water treatment), the optimal distance of 1.05 m. Install hangers and towel rails at a distance of 50-70 cm from the shower or bath. Place the toilet given its size and floor space. Before him, the Unallocated space must be at least 60 cm Washbasin supply with the increase of family members (typically 80 cm from the floor).
Apply for finishing waterproof material. No matter how he was attractive on the outside, find out about its capabilities, for example, whether it can resist the active elements of household chemicals and salts. It is very important to make it easy to remove and wash. The best practical qualities for finishing wet areas has ceramic tile. It can be used both on the floor and on the walls. It has a wide color range, in which everyone can find a color to taste. The spacious rooms can be used natural marble stone mosaic art or a tree that was pre-treated with a waterproof varnish.
Select the material for the ceiling in such a way that it could easily withstand a couple and moisture. It needs to be water-resistant and sound-absorbing, light-reflecting, does not allocate toxic substances, be flame retardant and easy to operate. Currently, the bathroom began to set the tile and lath ceilings. It makes it easy to mount in him as lighting fixtures and ventilation grilles.
Make flooring with ceramic tiles, before pre-providing a waterproof floor of a wooden house. First do the cement screed with reinforcing mesh, and then placed a rolled waterproofing with the capture of 10 cm of the perimeter walls.Then another layer of mortar, on which is placed the floor tile. She, in contrast to the wall must be thicker to withstand heavy loads. The surface should not be glossy, and rough or smooth. Better to use anti-slip tiles.
Divide the light in the bathroom in General, illuminating the space as a whole, and point. In the ceiling lighting traditionally used one lamp, which is typical for small rooms. Point illuminate the washbasin and the mirror.
The bathrooms should be used low-voltage halogen lamps, which operate on a voltage of 12 V.