Advice 1: How to learn to understand machines

The automotive industry is evolving at a frantic pace. At first glance one car looks like another. Only here at the beautiful lights, and the trunk is huge. How can one learn to understand the machines?
How to learn to understand machines
You will need
  • - perseverance, diligence;
  • - car magazines;
  • - a computer connected to the Internet.
All brands and models of cars have their own characteristics. But in General they, too, abound. If there is a desire to understand the machines, then go ahead! To begin with, remember, there are different types of body cars. Read the basic of them: sedans (classic, the so-called three-volume passenger body with two or four (six) side door); coupe (two-or three-volume passenger body with two passenger doors); universal - different from the sedan trunk and the presence of the fifth door; heats back (in other words, Kombi - two-volumetric body having a rear door, intended for the carriage of passengers or goods). There are many bodies similar to the above listed.
When you learn how to differentiate between basic, try to learn more about the following: hardtop sedan, hardtop coupe, ultimately the newest, limousine, convertible, Phaeton, Phaeton station wagon, cabover body, van, brougham, Targa, pickup. Information can be found on the Internet or specialized magazines.
Now, remember manufacturers. Most popular cars: Audi, Mercedes, Volkswagen, Fiat, Mitsubishi, Chevrolet, Toyota, Lexus, Renault. Auto manufacturers are easier to remember by the emblems on the front hood (by the way in the back sometimes there is an inscription with the name of the manufacturer and model). Buy car magazines and learn logo.
The body and the emblem is only General visual differences in the cars. If you have mastered that, begin to learn the technical characteristics of the car - engine power, types of transmission, transmission. Undoubtedly, to learn to understand machines for a couple of days is impossible, so please be patient. Don't try to understand everything at once. Skills come with time. Buy car magazines, visit car sites, chat in the forums. It will take some time and you will be one of the best connoisseurs of modern industry.
Do not try to learn to understand the intricacies of the repair, if you've never done this before. The gradual accumulation of knowledge and skills will enable you to learn not merely to understand machines and to repair them.
Useful advice
On the way to the knowledge of the structure of the machine is open to the advice of knowledgeable people, ask for their help. Be sure to find a man who will prompt as better and more correct to make the next step.

Advice 2: How to learn to sew

The best way to learn how to sew well undergo the cutting and sewing in special training centres. You can take the help of private masters, pass the Internet courses, buy and study the specialized literature. Without the advice of professionals the learning process is also possible, but it will take longer and you will have to learn from their mistakes.
Thread and needle should match the fabric
If you want to learn to sew by yourself, the first thing you need to buy quality tools. At first you can do with measuring tape, a ruler with a right angle metal sewing scissors, thread and needles of different thickness. Of course, the most important is the availability of the sewing machine. To start with a simple machine for home use, which is a function of simple straight lines and processing loops. Other devices and more complex mechanisms you will discover in the process of sewing.
An important step in the process of creating garments is cut. Repeating, we note that the self-understanding of how to properly take measurements and to cut the product according to your figure is very difficult. But this will help the logs with a detailed description, instructional videos that you can find on the Internet.
Remember that to properly take your measurements alone is not possible, therefore, at this stage better to ask for help from a friend. Because it is often incorrectly taken measurements cause too tight or loose sewing, and as a consequence spent time and money on clothes you can't wear. Obmenka should be tried on over underwear, in a free, natural posture without stress or strain. A-line straps must be strictly horizontal, and the line length is vertical.
Initially, it's best to sew the product according to the example, substituting your details in the pattern. Gain experience, you will be able to simulate and assemble the items of clothing themselves.
For quick cutting and sewing of shoulder products are indispensable is pattern-based. You will spend time on accurate measurements and build the perfect for your figure of the pattern only the first time. Then, experimenting with the width and length of the product, the appearance of the shoulder at the arm openings and neckline, you will be able to create an original product that no one else has, and which, moreover, fits you.
The model you have chosen, it is necessary initially to cut out on tracing paper (it can be replaced newsprint), and then transferred to the fabric. Cut-out details, you need to sweep manually with thread or with pins. Further, the product should be to try and adjust according to your body. You can then process the edges of the parts and to connect them with machine stitch.
If you want to learn to sew, the main thing is your desire to learn and improve, despite mistakes and failures. Remember that initially you need to understand the peculiarities of the sewing, and not strive to make a product as quickly as possible.

Advice 3: How to sew on the serger

The device of the serger unlike a sewing machine involves three or four strands. To deal with all the threads and get a smooth line of good quality, have to spend a lot of effort...
How to sew on the serger

When we first met with the serger should be paid great attention to his instructions, where can I find a diagram of the filling. As well there is a detail to paint the purposes of all adjustments and their location. Many manufacturers indicate the recommended values, to obtain high-quality lines. If instruction could not be found for any reason, you have to have patience and start experimenting.

First you need to prepare a serger, thread and material. Moreover, the threads must be odinakovogo quality, but a different color (so it will be easier to understand). Material first you need to take a simple (not knit, not too thin nor too thick). Best calico or something like that.

Further, after proper refilling you need to set all controls to the tension of the thread on the average, usually 3 or 4 and stitch a small distance, the line may be far from perfect. Compare it with the line to have the finished product, for example: shirt, t-shirt etc.

Now let us begin to understand the adjustments. Try to twist one of the regulators tension of the thread (clockwise - increase; counterclockwise - decrease). Look at the resulting line. If you increased the tension of the yarn, the thread needs more to pull the material. If reduced, respectively, then the thread will be more free to lie in the line (zigzag). Check for yourself what the string in the line corresponds to this adjustment. Back tension at the same (average) value and repeat the experiment on other regulators. Thus, dealing in turn with all the tensioners, it is possible to determine the optimal settings.

In addition to the adjustment of the yarn tension in the lines of it is you can adjust the density of stitches, trimming edge and differential feed. Density adjustment changes the amount of promotion material for one shot. Adjustment of the trim edge it is possible to achieve a better fit of the threads to the cut-off edge. But the adjustment of the differential feed adjusts feeding of the material, regulates the Assembly and stretching of the material. The average value of this adjustment - 1 (it is better to leave the unit until then while it will not deal with the rest of settings). If you want to make the Assembly of the material, the value is greater than one. A value less than one (most often used on knits), it is in those cases when the material to be stretched (to give a margin for tension).

After you understand the purposes of all adjustments and each of them will be tested in different variants, is not difficult to adjust the line as well as in the factory product.

Is the advice useful?