Advice 1: How to neutralize mercury

When broken the device containing mercury, the panic starts. This is a very dangerous chemical element with it is not a joke. Therefore, it is necessary to know how to conduct demercurization (neutralization of mercury) so as not to endanger themselves and others. The neutralization process is quite simple, but time-consuming. After the mercury is neutralized, it is better to invite experts to ensure no air pollution in its couples.
Mercury
You will need
  • - rubber gloves;
  • Bank;
  • the syringe;
  • - copper plate or wire;
  • - a solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate);
  • - iodine;
  • water;
  • - rags.
Instruction
1
Latin name mercury Mercury (Mercurium), so the process of neutralization is called "decontamination".
The decontamination should start with the mechanical collection of spread substance.
On the open surface mercury is rolled into balls, resembling a metal that is very mobile. You first need to collect them. To do this, wear rubber gloves to avoid contact with skin, and with a Turkey Baster to collect them.
Very convenient to collect the mercury with a copper plate or wire. It is necessary to clean up the copper item and hold the stripped end to the balls. They are instantly attracted to the copper.
If you suspect that mercury was behind the plinth, it must be removed.
Then you should place the mercury beads on the plate and the syringe reservoir filled with a thick solution of potassium permanganate, to avoid evaporation, seal and put in dark cold place (e.g. refrigerator). Isolated from the environment, a chemical will not cause contamination of products.
Syringe with a solid tip
2
Now the surface to be processed, which leaked mercury. For this, dilute iodine (10 ml) to 10 liters (bucket) of water and thoroughly wash the surface (floor, table, etc.). Then dissolve 30 mg of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate) in 10 l of water and immediately after cleaning with iodine, the surface is rinsed with potassium permanganate. This manipulation is best done with gloves and different rags. Rags should then be discarded, and the bucket is thoroughly rinsed also iodine and potassium permanganate.
Permangante of potassium (potassium permanganate)
3
The room in which occurred the spreading of mercury, ventilate for 12 hours, not leaving her vapours. After 12 hours, we can assume that decontamination is conducted and the premises can lead a normal activities.
To ventilate the room thoroughly
4
If the mercury flowed in a large quantity, you must call the brigade MOE. After neutralization, the experts will carry out the measurements a special device for the presence of vapours. By the way, the brigade can be called after self demercurization in order to verify the absence of contamination.The isolated mercury and the syringe, together with a broken thermometer or other device, you must submit to the laboratory for disposal of radioactive waste or the Department of emergency situations in the area.
Note
Do not throw the mercury and the broken device in the trash. Thus the mercury contamination of the environment.
Useful advice
It is best to use a syringe with a solid tip.

Advice 2: How to collect mercury from the floor

Crashed in a residential area of the thermometer with mercury-deadly the situation will not create. However, beads of mercury can get into hard to reach places and gradually there to evaporate. And mercury vapor over time can lead to poisoning. So on the floor spilled mercury should be collected completely.
Balls of mercury
Instruction
1
If crashed thermometer with mercury or mercury lamp in the first place fold their remains into a glass jar. Then spend demercurization of the premises, i.e. take measures to prevent evaporation of mercury.
Decontamination can be mechanical and chemical. When mechanical collection of demercurization of mercury is carried out with the help of improvised means, with the chemical demercurization with the aid of chemical reagents. To completely remove mercury, it is desirable to combine mechanical and chemical decontamination.
2
Output from the premises where spilled mercury, small children and animals. Close the door to the room and open Windows wide. Wear rubber gloves. Pitch for the face, wet a gauze bandage that protects the respiratory system.
Gather the beads of mercury by using one of the following available tools:
- pull inside medical rubber bulb or syringe without a needle;

let's get the usual brush on a sheet of paper or envelope;

- to stick on a band-aid or tape.
In any case, do not use to collect mercury vacuum cleaner or a damp cloth, this will only increase the evaporation of mercury.
Medical rubber bulb
3
After you collect big balls of mercury, a few times, rinse contaminated surface with a solution of potassium permanganate (2 grams per 1 liter of water).
Even better, if you manage to find sulphur powder (sulfur buy in the store for gardeners). Mercury with sulphur react, which produces the non-volatile mercury sulfide. Only water to dissolve the sulphur is not necessary: just sprinkle its powder on your surfaces.
4
Fold the collected mercury from the floor and used to collect items in a glass jar, which you have previously laid the remains of a thermometer or bulb, and close the jar lid.
Keep in mind that the disposal of mercury with sewage or garbage is not permitted. So be sure to give a glass jar to the center of demercurization.
Note
Mercury compounds are found in various devices, for example in fluorescent lamps and some types of sphygmomanometers, and mercury thermometers are still in Vogue.
Useful advice
It is not necessary to throw away the container with the collected "poison" in the trash or the garbage disposal that could be harmful to the health of others. Better call the nearest division on the disposal of hazardous substances, which is required to produce subsequent disposal of infested items.

Advice 3: How to collect mercury from a broken thermometer

Despite the fact that in the dwelling of the modern man is firmly established modern digital technology, some household products remain unchanged helpers in everyday life. These include a thermometer for measuring body temperature or, if you call it correctly, the mercury medical thermometer. Use it even a child, but what to do and how to behave if a thermometer broke, few know.
How to collect mercury from a broken thermometer

 

The advantages and disadvantages of a mercury thermometer

In fact, mercury thermometer accurately measures temperature and has a very small error (0.1 degrees). Therefore, in many medical institutions is still given preference to the ordinary thermometer. In addition, if a mercury thermometer body temperature can be measured in several ways (axillary, rectal, oral), the surface thermometer is easy to disinfect, and the device does not require power supply or battery replacement. With careful handling the mercury thermometer can last for decades, and its relatively low cost (20-25 rubles) makes it attractive for the buyer.

Along with the undeniable advantages of mercury thermometers have several significant drawbacks, the most serious of which is its fragility. To break a mercury thermometer very easy, and this will inevitably lead to the poisoning of the air vapors of poisonous mercury.

Why threat a broken thermometer

Is split or break the thermometer, as on the floor immediately would be microscopic bits of glass and beads of mercury. And if the glass can cause trouble in the form of cuts, the mercury vapor, being a strong poison, are a more serious threat. Thanks to its properties, spilled from a mercury thermometer is broken into many tiny droplets that rolled in hard to reach areas (under sofa, wardrobe, skirting, in cracks of the flooring) and evaporates, poisoning the air. If time does not remove all the mercury and broken thermometer itself, you can get severe poisoning. Accumulate in the kidneys, liver, human lung pair harmful metals can cause a chronic intoxication, which is manifested by skin rash, stomatitis, diarrhea, vomiting, chills the whole body. And prolonged exposure to mercury vapors can affect the human psyche and even cause madness.

Therefore, it is important to quickly and efficiently collect the contents of a broken thermometer. Guaranteed to cleanse the premises should call the Ministry of emergencies, but it is possible to independently perform this procedure, taking all the necessary precautions.

How to collect mercury

If it so happened that accidentally broke the thermometer, do not panic. Before you start to remove balls of mercury, you must withdraw from the room all the people who will not participate in the cleaning, as well as animals. It is very important to open Windows to ventilate the room and close the doors to adjoining rooms, to mercury vapor from a broken thermometer does not spread. To collect mercury must wear rubber gloves, on her feet wear Shoe covers, mouth and nose to cover the wet gauze bandage.

In any case it is impossible to collect the mercury with a vacuum cleaner or broom. In the first case, once indoors, toxic fumes will be blown out of the cleaner together with air. In the second, the twigs of the broom can break small balls into even smaller, which would complicate their Assembly.

The most reliable way to collect mercury if it breaks the thermometer - to use an ordinary syringe. Such cleaning is time consuming and quite laborious, but the mercury bulbs are guaranteed to fall into the cavity of the rubber bulb and fall apart into smaller pieces.

To clean mercury will also help with wet newsprint, so that the balls of mercury will easily stick to it. If crashed thermometer, and leaked mercury, you can use a band-aid or Scotch tape, cotton balls dampened in water or vegetable oil, and two sheets of paper, which according to the principle of the scoop and broom cautious movements going contents of a broken thermometer.

Another simple way to collect mercury is to use a medical syringe. After cleaning it also need to plug in a jar and send for disposal along with broken thermometer.

If it so happened that the thermometer crashed to the carpet, the carpet must be removed and knock out in a place where there are no people. The concentration of a hazardous substance from one broken thermometer is not very big, in three days it will evaporate without causing harm to people and the environment.

After the contents of a broken thermometer safely collected and ready for disposal, to handle "emergency" solution of potassium permanganate (per liter of water 2 g). But since it cannot apply in all cases, retained because of them spots, you can fill the entire area, which could get the mercury from a broken thermometer bleach or any disinfectant that contains. For example, on a ten-litre bucket of water taken a glass of "white" and this solution is processed surface of the mercury in translation neopreme connection. Then soapy water, wipe again, finally removing mercury from the outskirts to the center (in a bucket of water – 100 g soap powder and 100 g of soda).

Collected mercury in no case should be disposed of in the garbage disposal or drain. Balls collected mercury a broken thermometer and all its contents should be placed in a glass container filled with water, then tightly seal it with a lid and transfer to the MOE. It should be remembered that a few grams of mercury contained in the thermometer can poison up to 6000 m3 of air.

 

 

Advice 4: How to clean floors from mercury

If you broke a thermometer with mercury or a mercury lamp, you should not panic, the situation is not very dangerous. You just need to collect all the balls of mercury from the surface. More complicated when mercury slipped into place in inaccessible places, for example, in the cracks of the floor or under the plinth. Gradually it will begin to evaporate and the pair may already lead to poisoning. That's why you need to try to find all the balls of mercury and collect them as soon as possible.
How to clean floors from mercury
You will need
  • - potassium permanganate
  • - chlorine tool
  • - sulfur
  • thin metal plate
  • brush
  • - rubber bulb
  • - tape or wet swab
Instruction
1
First make sure you open a window leaf or a window to lower the room temperature because the lower the temperature, the less mercury evaporates.
2
Then ask people to leave the room in which you must collect mercury from the floor. Close the door, so as not to spread the mercury balls all over the apartment. At the entrance to the room, lay the rug, treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.
3
Now you can safely proceed to demercurization. Decontamination is the prevention of evaporation of mercury. You can adopt several methods:Now more and more there are sets that neutralize domestic mercury pollution. Attached instructions will help you to do everything correctly step by step. This kit should be kept in the home medicine Cabinet.
4
If you don't have demercurization kit, large beads tassel collect in paper envelope. Rubber bulb uberite smaller balls, and duct tape or wet swab, collect the small droplets. Collected mercury in a tightly close jar. Then rinse thoroughly and treat it with a solution of potassium permanganate.
5
If the mercury fell in places where it is difficult to remove, use the old-fashioned way - cover them with sulfur. If you have no sulfur, then use a thin plate of metal and put it in the slot. Balls of mercury "will be drawn".
6
If mercury were on soft things, shake them, and then within 4 months ventilate air.
7
After extraction of mercury, it is necessary to wash the floor. The most affordable and effective way - a solution of soap and soda (500 g of soap, 600 g of baking soda into 8 liters of water). Effectively treat the floor and walls 1% iodine solution, which can be obtained by purchasing a 10% solution of iodine from a pharmacy and dilute it at a ratio of 100 ml per 1 liter of water. Also it would be good to clean the surface of any chlorine-containing agent.
Note
Important! Do not collect beads of mercury into one big ball.

Do not vacuum! The cleaner, when heated, increases the area of evaporation of mercury, and got him the drops will then be distributed in the form of vapor.
Useful advice
And remember! In no case do not throw mercury in the trash cans and toilet.

In a well-closed glass jar, take the mercury to the SES.
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