Advice 1: How to apply for direct speech

The utterance can be transmitted via indirect or direct speech. The last letter can be difficult because the punctuation depends on the location of the author's context in relation to the direct speech.
How to apply for direct speech
If more words are located before the direct speech, you put them after a colon, open quotation marks, and direct speech write with an uppercase letter. At the end of the direct speech is interrogative or an exclamation mark quotation marks are placed after it, and the proposal narrative are closing quotation marks and put a dot.

Examples: Andrew said: "I will now play".

He said, "What are you doing?"

He exclaimed: "How beautiful the view from the window!"
If direct speech is preceded by the author's words, enclose it in quotation marks, start with a capital letter, put a dash, and the words of the author write in small letters, at the end of a sentence dot. Exclamation and question marks after direct speech is always put inside the quotation marks, comma in direct speech without emotional coloring - after quotation marks and before the dash.

Examples: "I'm going to play," said Andrew.

"What are you doing?" "he asked.

"What a wonderful view from the window!" he exclaimed.
Direct speech may be interrupted author's words. In this case, the quotation marks open and close once, write direct speech with a capital letter, put a comma and a dash after the first part, the author's words write with a lowercase letter after them again, put the comma and a dash:

"Direct speech, - author, - direct speech". Note that after the author's words, put commas and direct speech begins with a small letter. For example: "Go on," the girl said, "I follow you".

"Direct speech, the author. - Direct speech". For example: "in the Evening you come to visit," he said. I need a serious talk."

"Direct speech!(?) - the author. - Direct speech". For example: "What a beautiful day, isn't it? – asked Katya. – I sincerely admire the nature.
Direct speech is inside the author's words. In this case, place punctuation in the following schemes:

Author: "Direct speech" - the author.

Example. He muttered: "I really want to sleep," and immediately fell asleep.

Author: "Direct speech!(?)" - the author.

Example. I heard a voice from the hall: "How could you?" - and Sergei Petrovich came into the room.

Author: Direct it..." - author.

Example. The captain said, "would now the Wind blew..." and he looked up into the sea.
The design of the dialogue is perhaps one of the following methods: In one line, are written to all replicas more words between them do not exist. By using a hyphen separates each replica, enclosed in quotation marks.

Example. For several minutes they walked in silence. Elizabeth asked, "How long will you be gone?" - "Two months". "You call me or write?" "Yes, of course!"
A new line is written every subsequent remark, which is placed in front of the dash. Quotation marks in this case are not used.


- You are cold, Catherine. "asked Ivan Petrovich.

- No.

- Let's go to the cafe.

Design quotes:

- Quote written by one of the methods of registration of direct speech.

Example. Belinsky believed that "Literature is the people's consciousness, color, and the fruit of his spiritual life."

- Part of the quote is not given, and its omission marked by an ellipsis.

Example. Goncharov wrote: "All the words of Chatsky will spread... and produce a storm.

- Quote is part of the author's text. In this case it is written with a lowercase letter and is enclosed in quotes.

Example. Belinsky notes that Pushkin has an amazing ability to make the prosaic poetic objects".

To quote the poetic text follows without quotes, observing the lines and stanzas.

Advice 2 : What is direct speech

The inclusion in the narrative of words belonging to others, always creates some grammatical and punctuation difficulties when creating text. In order to properly execute it directly on the letter, it is necessary to understand this phenomenon.
What is direct speech
Direct speech is one of the main ways of transfer of another's speech. It is presented in one or more sentences, where the writer literally reproduces the speech of another person on his behalf. While retaining all the grammatical, syntactic and stylistic features of a foreign language. Direct speech can serve for the expression of the speech of another person or spoken before the speech writer.
Ordinary direct speech is accompanied by the author's words, commenting on what and how the phrase was uttered. The author's words are the main tool for inclusion of foreign speech into text, as in the rest of the direct speech remains unchanged and is not subject to the restructuring of the language constructs, as it happens, for example, in indirect speech.
The words of the author are expressed by verbs that indicate the process of speaking ("said", "replied", "said", "shouted") or thinking ("thought", "thought"). It can also be verbs that describe the associated action ("smile", "slapped his forehead", "wink"). Sometimes verbs are replaced by verbal nouns with the same value. The words of the author precedes the direct speech, follow it or are within it.
How are the text the author's words, depends on the setting of punctuation marks in the text where there is direct speech. If the sentence begins with the words of the author, after them is followed by a colon, and the very direct speech quotation marks are allocated. In the case where the author's review is after the direct speech is in quotation marks and ends with a dash. The dot and comma at the end of the direct speech are placed outside the quotation marks, and ellipses, exclamation and question marks inside them.
More difficult situation is when the author's words divide the direct speech into two parts. If it is expressed in one sentence, then the punctuation can be expressed by the schema "P, - a, - p./?/!", where "a" is the words of the author, and "N" –direct speech. When the transfer of a foreign language is performed by means of the two proposals, the scheme looks like: "P,/?/! . P./?/!".
Useful advice
Dialogue is one of the varieties of direct speech. It can be applied without commenting on the words of the author, and different stands out in the letter.
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