Advice 1: How to apply for direct speech

The utterance can be transmitted via indirect or direct speech. The last letter can be difficult because the punctuation depends on the location of the author's context in relation to the direct speech.
How to apply for direct speech
If more words are located before the direct speech, you put them after a colon, open quotation marks, and direct speech write with an uppercase letter. At the end of the direct speech is interrogative or an exclamation mark quotation marks are placed after it, and the proposal narrative are closing quotation marks and put a dot.

Examples: Andrew said: "I will now play".

He said, "What are you doing?"

He exclaimed: "How beautiful the view from the window!"
If direct speech is preceded by the author's words, enclose it in quotation marks, start with a capital letter, put a dash, and the words of the author write in small letters, at the end of a sentence dot. Exclamation and question marks after direct speech is always put inside the quotation marks, comma in direct speech without emotional coloring - after quotation marks and before the dash.

Examples: "I'm going to play," said Andrew.

"What are you doing?" "he asked.

"What a wonderful view from the window!" he exclaimed.
Direct speech may be interrupted author's words. In this case, the quotation marks open and close once, write direct speech with a capital letter, put a comma and a dash after the first part, the author's words write with a lowercase letter after them again, put the comma and a dash:

"Direct speech, - author, - direct speech". Note that after the author's words, put commas and direct speech begins with a small letter. For example: "Go on," the girl said, "I follow you".

"Direct speech, the author. - Direct speech". For example: "in the Evening you come to visit," he said. I need a serious talk."

"Direct speech!(?) - the author. - Direct speech". For example: "What a beautiful day, isn't it? – asked Katya. – I sincerely admire the nature.
Direct speech is inside the author's words. In this case, place punctuation in the following schemes:

Author: "Direct speech" - the author.

Example. He muttered: "I really want to sleep," and immediately fell asleep.

Author: "Direct speech!(?)" - the author.

Example. I heard a voice from the hall: "How could you?" - and Sergei Petrovich came into the room.

Author: Direct it..." - author.

Example. The captain said, "would now the Wind blew..." and he looked up into the sea.
The design of the dialogue is perhaps one of the following methods: In one line, are written to all replicas more words between them do not exist. By using a hyphen separates each replica, enclosed in quotation marks.

Example. For several minutes they walked in silence. Elizabeth asked, "How long will you be gone?" - "Two months". "You call me or write?" "Yes, of course!"
A new line is written every subsequent remark, which is placed in front of the dash. Quotation marks in this case are not used.


- You are cold, Catherine. "asked Ivan Petrovich.

- No.

- Let's go to the cafe.

Design quotes:

- Quote written by one of the methods of registration of direct speech.

Example. Belinsky believed that "Literature is the people's consciousness, color, and the fruit of his spiritual life."

- Part of the quote is not given, and its omission marked by an ellipsis.

Example. Goncharov wrote: "All the words of Chatsky will spread... and produce a storm.

- Quote is part of the author's text. In this case it is written with a lowercase letter and is enclosed in quotes.

Example. Belinsky notes that Pushkin has an amazing ability to make the prosaic poetic objects".

To quote the poetic text follows without quotes, observing the lines and stanzas.

Advice 2: How to replace direct speech indirect

Sentences with indirect speechYu help to convey the thoughts of others from his face. They contain the gist of what somebody words, it is easier to construct and punctuation making. When changing direct speech to indirect it is important to pay attention to the purpose of the transmission of thoughts (message, question or motivation), to use appropriate means of communication of the parts of a sentence, to follow the exact forms of the use of certain words.
How to replace direct speech indirect
In our language the words of others, you can pass in several ways. With this purpose, the most commonly used direct and indirect speech. Keeping the essence of these syntax in different ways to Express the contents that are pronounced and executed in writing.
When the transfer of thoughts through direct speech retains all the features of the utterance remains unchanged, the content, in oral speech intonation is preserved, which letter shows the necessary punctuation. This is the most accurate way to transfer foreign words.
Indirect speech usually contains the gist of the thoughts of others, is informed not on behalf of the author, and the speaker without saving intonational features. In a written speech issued without the quotes in the form of complex sentence.
Replacing the direct speech to indirect, follow the main rules of constructing sentences accurately use forms of the individual words. Sentences with someone else's speech represented by two parts: the author and transmitted speech. In sentences with direct speech, the place of the author's words are fickle: in front, in the middle of or after the statements. Indirect, usually takes place after the author's words and is a subordinate sentence. In order to properly cope with the task to replace such syntax, act according to a certain order.
First, determine the boundaries of the parts of a sentence with direct speech. The author's words in the sentence with indirect speech almost always remain unchanged, they will represent the main part of the complex sentence.
Further note on the purpose of the statements of proposal that is part of the direct speech (it will be adventitious). If you declarative sentence, the means of communication with the main unions are the "what", "if". For example, "Witnesses claimed that (if) the accident occurred through the fault of the pedestrian." Union "to" use to transfer the content motive offers. The particle "Li" pronouns "who", "what", "what", etc., adverbs "when", "why", "where", etc. help to Express an indirect question.
By replacing, watch carefully for compliance with personal and possessive pronouns, the persons of verbs: they are used from the perspective of who sends them, and not on behalf of the speaker. If the direct speech was composed handling, conveying the emotions of a particle or interjection, it is necessary to take them down.
Look at different examples of replacement of direct speech into indirect:
• The grandmother asked the granddaughter: "would you please Bring me the glasses". The grandmother asked her granddaughter to bring her glasses.
• The taxi driver confidently said: "I'll race you to the airport in ten minutes." – The taxi driver confidently stated that will whisk us to the airport in ten minutes.
• "Come for a consultation in the second half of the day," told us a teacher of mathematics. – Math teacher announced to us that we came for consultation in the second half of the day.
• Marina asked the girlfriend: "Lena, are you going tomorrow to the theater?" Marina asked Lena whether she's going tomorrow to the theater.
• Do not put a question mark if you can see indirect question.
• Designed as indirect speech quotation, enclose it in quotation marks and write with a lowercase letter.
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