You will need
- - sand;
- - gravel;
- - cement;
- - TES;
- - building materials;
- - coating for the roof.
For pigs, the need to build capital winter barn and machine tools for summer maintenance. To equip the pens for the piglets in the summer is essential. If they contain year-round only in a capital building, it quickly will become worthless, also in this case, it will have no time to fix.
For building a winter space must be filled with a solid capital Foundation. It should be set at a depth of 60-70 cm and at 30 cm above soil level. You also need to consider that the area of premises for keeping of pigs must be large, i.e. not less than 5 square meters per head. Each sow will need a separate machine, as with boars. Therefore, it is necessary to provide the desired Foundation size.
The walls can be made of any material, but on the inside machine for pigs. need to decorate the walls additionally sturdy and thick wood. This is to ensure that the animals are not gnawed through the wall, which they often do, regardless of the wall material.
The roof in the barn lean-to set, and the attic made small, so as the attic of the pigsty for anything not used. From pigs in there, it will accumulate moisture, even if you make a quality ceiling vapor barrier. When installing the roof, it is necessary to provide vents and remove them from the shed in the form of tubes.
Rough sex in the barn is made of cement by pouring. In the backyard is usually in addition establish hardwood floors. It will have to be changed frequently, as it quickly becomes unusable due to damp and the willingness of the pigs to chew. In order to avoid additional costs for repairing the floor, you can leave the draft floor, or to install gratings that are designed for keeping pigs in conditions of mass rearing.
The total area of the barn is divided into individual paddocks by thick timbers and pillars. Thus it is necessary to leave a sufficiently large corridor for the transfer of pigs from one machine to another and for ease of cleaning of the room. In the front wall of the corridor need to make a transom for the disposal of manure.
The whole barn should be covered by vapor barrier material on the outside. It should secure a thick layer of insulating material.
Summer paddocks can be made of thick planks with no insulation. Importantly, no cracks.
The pigsty consists of two branches with two paddocks. To build it from scrap building materials: logs, planks, etc. In concrete floors with a thickness of 30 cm on the top in two rows laid tarred boards. In climates where harsh winter, you can make a double wall and insulate them with foam. The roof can be covered and wooden shed.
The construction of a pigsty should be started after the detailed calculation of the number of pigs, which the owner is going to keep his farm. If you look, the pigsty can be constructed from any discarded building material, which is always abundant in any garden land, but there is only one request not to use or minimize the use of concrete in construction.
Advice 2: How to build a shed correctly
Building a house or Villa always implies the presence of a variety of materials and tools that need to be stored somewhere. The way out can be a shed, the erection of which will take not more than a day. All you need is raw material for the manufacture and a little skill.
You will need
- logs, beams, boards, roofing felt, slate nails, staples
Prepare thin beams of 100x100 mm, the two edged Board (the thickness of the first 25 mm, the second section 150х50 mm). You will also need slate, roofing felt, nails and staples.
Since the construction of the shed everyone takes a different amount of time, you need to make a temporary support of brick. This will protect the lower harness from the damp. On the supports place the waterproofing.
Lay thin logs. Fabricate gusset and in places of fastening nail.
Install the rack. Their number depends on the size of the building. To be fastened with nails or temporary braces diagonally at an angle of 45 degrees.
Rack, install the top rail and nail. The edges of the top binding on the back and front side of the shed should be 250 mm.
The top rail cover of the crate. Top cover with roofing material. Fasten the slate.
Take the timber 50x50 mm and install it as a permanent struts. They should be placed at the corner uprights, diagonally. Where will be situated door, also install the rack. It will secure the bolt. Get the opening in which to fit the door frame.
Rack, barn nail boards. However, if you use edged Board, nail it tightly. A Board edging when laying alternate. First, put a beveled edge of a Board to itself, then – from himself.
The walls of the barn finished. It remains to sheathe their roofing material from the outside bottom up. The upper edge of the roofing felt should overlap the lower. This covering will protect the shed from natural phenomena and precipitation.
For thin beams bottom piping, overlap the floor boards. Hang the door. Install the lock.
See how to build a shedwhere you can store various things and tools, it is easy. Of course, his appearance is not too attractive, but that's for the best. Thieves are unlikely to pay attention to it, and so the estate will remain intact.
Advice 3: How to build a shed for cattle
Building a barn for livestock and poultry is not less important than the construction of the house. The structure must protect the animal from drafts and rain, hail, squally wind and other weather "whims", have good ventilation and meet all zootechnical standards.
To save yourself from unnecessary worries, you can order a ready-made outbuilding in one of the specialized companies. Bring it unassembled, and then assemble in front of you and in the place where you wish. And no more than one day, you will have finished a barn for cattle and sheep. However, the cost of this structure is impressive, so you should work hard and build a shed yourself, well while saving.
The first thing to do before building a barn is to identify the border of the building. Then along the specified boundaries. you need to dig a ditch depth of two feet and start laying the Foundation. The best option of the Foundation for the barn will be a mixture of stones or broken bricks with cement mortar. Pour the mixture moat, and allow it to settle. If the solution is dipped, add fresh, then align the Foundation, that he was on the same level with the ground.
As you are planning to build a barn for animals, it must be to insulate. You don't want your cattle perished in the winter. Place for warming barn with a double row of walls, the filling insulation (foam or glass wool) space between them. The most warm options: breeze block–wool–brick or brick–glass brick.
To install the roof, install in the tops of the walls of wooden logs. Attach them inside the Board. Foam or fiber glass lay on top of the log, cover them with boards. The easiest option for covering roof shed – slate roof with a slope. Secure for its manufacture on opposite sides of the barn boards. To get the desired tilt that you need one hand to take the boards of larger diameter. These boards can be fastened to the slate.
Floors can be poured together with the Foundation base. Option is more economical and quicker to lay flooring pallets and cover them with straw or lay linoleum. The construction of the shed for cattle can be considered complete.