Advice 1: How to make an island for turtles

Many people think that if a turtle lives in water, it is not necessary to go ashore. It is fundamentally wrong opinion. Aquatic turtles need to rest out of the water and the content of it in the aquarium need to put a small islet, on which the turtle can get out from time to time.
The local beach.
You will need
  • Stones
  • Snag
  • Plexiglass
  • Ekstruzionnye polystyrene
The simplest solution to the island for the turtles to pick up a few stones that need to fix the wall or on each other so that part of the stone towered over the water. You need to make sure the angle was small, to your pet it was easy to climb up.
You can also make the turtle landfall with driftwood. It needs to find a wide enough a snag, or strengthen special upstairs area of the plank (not plywood).
Also the Islands can be made from plates of Plexiglas, Styrofoam and other synthetic lightweight materials. However, this method is suitable only if your turtle is small. Since the large tortoises are very strong and can easily break fragile design. An island you can decorate the Java moss.
You can also cut the islets of extruded polystyrene foam, the surface to fill with foam, and while it is not frozen, cover with fine soil for decoration. To strengthen this island is best glue directly to the glass. Don't forget the easy slope.
If you have a big turtle, you need to remove from the aquarium large rocks, it can shatter their aquarium glass.
Useful advice
Above the island can hang the lamp, turtles love to go out and bask under a warm light. Also on the island is convenient to give food so as not to dirty the water.

Advice 2: Like breathing turtles

Turtles are popular Pets, with an interesting appearance and unpretentious. They are so not like other animals that some owners often wonder how their Pets breathe.
Like breathing turtles
According to the structure of the respiratory system of turtles is not too different from other animals. They have well developed lungs with which they breathe and exhale air.But turtles have no chest. They breathe not through the convergence and divergence of the ribs, as this prevents the shell, and using the muscle bundles going to the plastron from the shoulder and pelvic girdle, and dorsal-ventral muscles, which are located on the edge of the shell. Movement of the involved muscles changes the volume of the body cavity to decrease or increase and, consequently, to change the volume of the lungs, resulting in inhalation or exhalation.
At the front end of the head of a turtle located external nostrils, through which it breathes air. Then it gets into the mouth, which is the output of the internal nostrils-hoani adjacent to the glottal gap. The air enters the trachea, then the bronchi, and from there into the lungs.
Turtles don't have gills so they cannot breathe oxygen dissolved in water. As water and land animals need air for normal functioning. Here are just a breath of turtles is not same intensive, as people. Tortoise in the period of activity makes only 4-6 breaths per minute. Water is even scarcer, it may float to the surface to gasp for air only once in twenty minutes. During hibernation, when the animals metabolism slows down, the need of oxygen they have noticeably reduced.
During the evolution of turtles has received some highly original devices that facilitate the process of breathing. For example, soft-shelled turtles not only breathe with lungs, but also able to absorb oxygen through the skin. And turtles that live in fresh water part of the gas exchange occurs in the anal pouches that open into the cloaca.

Advice 3: What eat turtles

The health of the turtles depends on the proper and varied nutrition. And to approach this problem will be extremely serious. Because in nature this species feeds on a particular kind of food depending on the season. Errors in feeding can cost turtle life.
What eat turtles
In order to draw up a menu for your pet, you need to know what species it belongs to. Preferences for foods are formed from turtles depending on the environment of its habitat. Some species prefer only meat, other algae, plants and seeds. The American Box turtle is not picky and eats almost everything. There are types of turtles that are at a young age only prefer worms and bugs and growing up, start eating all.

Important element is calcium

Turtle food should contain a large amount of calcium and phosphorus. However, few supply the body with pet these elements. So they learned and benefited, necessary vitamin D3, which is produced in the body of a pet by heat and sunlight. If vitamin D3 is for any reason not to in a natural way, you can purchase the drug at a pet store.


Menu of turtles, you can incorporate foods with protein. It can be cooked fish, eggs, lean beef, shrimp, chicken, earthworms. Occasionally you can give pet food for cats and dogs. Under the ban are just fat and raw meat and fish.

Moderate amounts of protein foods may not harm your turtle. However, if the pet basically eats only such food, he may soon develop problems with the kidneys. So do not be lazy to vary the power of the mutant protein and plant foods, the percentage of which depends on the form of a turtle.

So, feeding domesticated carnivorous turtles and herbivores from different feeding omnivorous content of plants and proteins. For example, predatory turtle for a normal existence must eat 90% protein and 10% for plant food. Whereas herbivorous turtles, the opposite is happening.

Plant foods

In addition to phosphorus, calcium and protein, menu, turtles should contain vegetarian food. Offer your pet a potato, tomato, carrot, a slice of pumpkin, green peas, beans, grain. Also meals can be livened up with grape leaves, lettuce, Thistle, Fig leaves.

Most likely, the turtle will not abandon some fruits, berries and flowers. Pamper her with an Apple, melon, orange, mango. From the berries of the turtles, as a rule, partial to blueberries, blackberries, grapes and strawberries. As for colors, almost all species of turtles like geranium, Lily, dandelion, nasturtium, Pansy.

Turtle food at home can be difficult to balance. In this case you should use special food for turtles. They will help to maintain the health of your pet for years to come.
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