Advice 1: How to turn on the computer if forgot password

Users of personal computers are sometimes very many different passwords. And also, very often these passwords are forgotten. Sometimes that is forgotten passwords that provide access to log on to the computer. Fortunately, sometimes you can log in to the computer without having to reinstall when you do this, the operating system, which was extremely unpleasant. This can be done when your computer password protected the BIOS password. Let's look at. How can I cancel this passwordwithout affecting the operating system.
Sometimes it is possible to access a PC without reinstalling your operating system
You will need
  • The BIOS is one of the most popular passwords, which is designed to protect your computer from unauthorized interventions. In order to remove it you may need a thin common screwdriver.
Instruction
1
"Territorial" is the BIOS settings located in the CMOS. To clear the CMOS memory you need to physically turn off computer and put jumper that will short the jumper.
2
Then turn on your computer. You will see that the download will not, but the settings in the CMOS will be reset.
3
Then remove the jumper and again turn on your computer. Your monitor will prompt you to press F1. This is necessary in order to make the installation of the BIOS settings.
4
If the default installation you are quite suitable - press F1 in the BIOS menu, click "Save and exit". After this action your computer is fully loaded. If you want to set your settings, do it, and after this setting click "Save and exit".
Note
On a normal computer to remove the BIOS setup is very simple. But if you are an owner of laptop – you just have to take it to a service center. As laptops are quite often abducted, the developers specifically removed the possibility of unauthorized access to your laptop via a reset of BIOS settings.
Useful advice
Try not to forget passwords. You may write it down and store in a secret place.

Advice 2 : How to login to the server as admin

The server administrator has much greater powers than the users. To log in as an administrator it is possible both remotely and locally. In the second case is more secure since it will not involve communication channels.
How to login to the server as admin
Instruction
1
If you are near a server running the Linux operating system, and its screen is showing the desktop, first close your current session. The method of completion depends on which run the GUI. For example, if KDE, click on the button with the letter K and a gear wheel, then from the menu select "log out" and click "End current session". Then in the appeared field, enter the user name root and the password for that user. Will be a new Desk, and you will be able to run programs and run programs as administrator.
2
On the server Windows do the same, but after the session, press Ctrl-Alt-Del. Fields for entering a username and password will appear only after that. Also note that the root user in the OS is not called as root and "Administrator".
3
On the server with the Linux operating system if no graphics initially complete stranger to the current session (if it is open) with the command logout. Then enter the user name root followed by the password of the root user. The same can be done in the graphical user interface by running any terminal emulator, for example, rxvt, xterm or Konsole, but instead of a logout command you have to enter login. Now all the commands in this terminal window will be executed on behalf of the user root (from his name you can even run a program that uses graphics), while desktop will remain the same.
4
In any case, do not connect to the server remotely via Telnet Protocol. If you use SSH (text-based) or VNC (graphical), username and password, enter in the appropriate fields of the client program. After that, the entry under the corresponding name automatically. In the settings of the server must have permission to connect via appropriate protocols.
5
To log in as administrator in the web interface of the server. With this you get access to all the functions of the machines, but only to all the functions of "engine" forum, website, etc. To do this, go to the site using the browser and then click on "Login". Enter the username and password of the administrator. If we are talking about the online store, the link "log in" for extra security on the main page may be missing. Find out her address from the documentation to the "engine".
6
Regardless of how you login as an administrator, upon completion of required actions, do not forget to carry out an exit. For this in the text interface, enter the logout command in the graphics - complete session, as outlined above, and in the web interface - click on "Exit".
Note
Set a complex password and do not share it. Login as administrator only if you are indeed such. Do not use any feature that you is unknown. Do not forget to carry out an exit.
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