You will need
- Paper, pencils of different hardness, eraser, easel.
First, you need to make a still life. For example, you may find homes vases, bowls, fruits, jewelry, shells and other items, which will consist of a composition. Place the chair so that the light fell on it a bit to the side and front. Cover the backrest and seat of the chair fabric so that it formed the folds, and then arrange for the items selected. For the first time, you can put the fabric smoothly without folds, and the items to select those in which practically there are no small parts or jewelry. The simpler the design of the item, the easier it will be to draw.
Before starting, test on a separate piece of paper your pencils – let's see what effect they would give if they barely touch the paper and press down hard. Try different shading and feather (feather pencil can be swabs of cotton wool or paper, soft cloth, eraser).
Install an easel, place it on a sheet of paper and make a preliminary sketch. Symmetrical objects such as vases or plaster figures – cube, cylinder, etc.) require a build. Check the proportions of objects – an Apple should not look like a watermelon, and the coffee Cup should not be greater than three-litre vases.
Pay attention to the shadows. Where things lit better and somewhere worse. On the border of the objects the shadow is deep (shade), she then begins to dissipate (the penumbra) and go in the bright areas (light). If your compositions are present shiny objects, then they have a flare that also need to display.
Now you can start shading the drawing. For more soft transitions of light and shade use techniques of shading. Don't forget about drop shadow (the shadow that falls from objects on the fabric). During the hatch to check the correct construction and proportions of the objects.