Advice 1: How to plant plum

If you decide to inoculated plants for the first time, then of course you have doubts. Meanwhile, in the technique of grafting isn't hard. Moreover, vegetative propagation has its advantages, because only when it retains all the characteristics of the variety. Let's talk about how to instill the sink.
to instill in the sink.
Instruction
1
Plum is better to plant the crown of the same plants, not other stone fruit tree.
2
Start a good graft. It is necessary to begin in early spring, during the thaw, before the leaves. The cuttings should be cut and put in heat to thawed. However there are varieties that are well grafted onto an apricot. Plum need to vaccinate before the onset of her ten years of age. The simplest and very effective for plums is a way of instilling the bark.
3
To start sharpen your special grafting knife. Train to do the cut the wild branches to the desired cutting everything turned out. The cut must be smooth, without indent. The length and width of the slice must be the same on the handle and the tree. The crust should get a detailed cut with two right angles. This is not to damage the wood. On the handle need to leave two buds.
4
Select in a tree the best place in this case to spare the tree is not necessary. The closer the place of inoculation to the base of the branch, the better. At the base of the branch, more nutrients, and therefore better, and splicing.
5
Place of strapping wrapped on top of the stalk is covered with a piece of tape over it and wear a paper hat. To remove the protection, you can after a film appears first leaves. After inoculation, the tree should be fertilized with a fertilizer to improve the growing season.
6
All summer below the site of inoculation need to remove the shoots of the rootstock that they are not drowned out by the Scion.
If vaccination is done properly, success is guaranteed in eighty percent of cases.

Advice 2: How to plant trees

Any vacationer should be able to graft trees. This will help him to quickly multiply any varieties of pome and stone fruit crops. If vaccination is done properly, the fruits of the Scion not lose its quality. Wait until the end of may-beginning of April until the plants have not begun active SAP flow. Please be good cuttings, necessary tools and proceed to update the varietal trees in your garden.
How to plant trees
You will need
  • Prepared cuttings
  • Secateurs for trimming cuttings
  • Garden knife
  • Tape of polyethylene or PVC tape, adhesive tape)
  • Garden var (plasticine, window putty)
  • Plastic bag and cord
Instruction
1
Harvest cuttings in the autumn, after leaf fall. You can buy them from reputable growers. Carefully observe the rules of preparation and storage of the future of the Scion.
• Take them only from healthy plants. Good shoots at the age of year from the top or middle of the crown.
• Cuttings are harvested not less than 40 cm in length. Growth buds on them should be well developed.
• Keep shoots on the ground and covered with soil, or in the basement under wet sand.
2
Put a stock one day before the inoculation of the trees in the heat. Some gardeners soak them in water. Cut the cuttings, so each were 3-4 buds. Now choose the method of grafting trees.
3
Private trees depending on their type:
• topolyovka. On the stem and branches of the rootstock make equal slanting cuts-the"reeds" of about 3 cm and Attach them to a fight. This grafting method is often used for cherries.
• In splitting. Laminate garden knife rootstock from the end on the center depth of about 5 cm from the Bottom of the cutting, make a few random cuts. The resulting wedge should match the size of the splitting on the branch. One slice should be near the kidneys. Insert the wedge into the split, to the bark of the rootstock and Scion match. So it is possible to instill any culture.
• For the crust. Along the branch cut the bark, making a strip about 4 cm Take the bark to the side and insert the cut stalk. Oblique cut of the Scion should be on the wood. Strongly press in the crust. So it is recommended to vaccinate plum, apricot and cherry plums.
4
Make harness vaccines. The handle should snap tightly to the branch with tape 4-5 cm in width. Do it polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), or use ordinary insulating tape, adhesive tape. Follow the steps below:
• wrap the stalk from the bottom up, having finished tying on the serried sections of the Scion and rootstock.
• Lower the Bud of the stalk, leave outside!
• Cover the harness and the junction of the stalk with a branch garden pitch or cover the plasticine, window putty.
• Top is pull a plastic bag and tie it.
5
View in 3 weeks, stuck your Scion. If it had not been dried, and the place of junction of the Scion and rootstock you can see callus (tissue that forms after the healing of the wound), grafting wood was successful.
Note
It is important to begin vaccination of the trees in time! SAP flow of stone fruit crops starts a little earlier than seed, so you can instill in them first - until the buds.
Useful advice
In the middle of summer loosen harness vaccines, and when the cutting will grow leaves, remove the plastic bag. The very strapping gardeners leave until spring, so the Scion was able to finally enter into force. Grafted trees can be fed by the autumn of potash and phosphate fertilizers, to better overwinter.

Advice 3: Is it possible to graft a peach on apricot

Grafting fruit trees is a delicate matter. But this science is quite accessible even to the beginner. The main thing to know what to instill and how to do it. For grafting it is necessary to have the Scion is a cutting, a rootstock tree, which will be done vaccination.
The best rootstock for peach is apricot
For example, if you want to instill a peach. Someone may raise the question, why bother to cultivate the peach? This crop has good drought tolerance, but winter hardiness in peach low. And if you instill the shaft of the peach on another, more winter-hardy culture, you can get's a fruit tree that can withstand even the cold of the middle band. The best rootstock for peach is apricot. In the second place the young peach tree grown from seeds. Third place goes to drain.

Rootstock and Scion


Grafted the stalk, which is cut from a peach tree of the necessary grade, possessing all the qualities of the parent. Rootstocks will perform an apricot tree. To graft the cuttings should be prepared. Vaccination will occur in the spring, but cuttings (best if there will be a few) are made in the autumn. In the late fall before frost cut with a fruiting peach varieties need the stalk, which is long on at least 12 cm is Cut diagonally, wrapped in material and kept in a cold basement.

If there is no basement, you can build a special shelter in the open air. Cuttings slightly dropwise earth sheltering insulation material, filled with sawdust and snow. So they are stored until spring. If cuttings are stored in the basement, where during the spring thaw may be too warm, they should get out of the basement and place in the refrigerator. It is important that the cutting ahead of time not started SAP and it is not moved to the vault or Prikope growth.

Vaccination


The day before the planned vaccination that needs to be done at the end of March, the cuttings are removed from the warehouse and inspected. Then choose rootstock apricot tree in two to three years. The next morning a special sharp knife or garden shears on the stem is oblique cut. The same cut, make and apricot, with a branch on the rootstock it is necessary to choose the same thickness as the Scion. The sections fit together tightly and are wrapped with electrical tape. The tape can be removed when the shaft will go up and its length will be 20 cm in This method the easiest is called topolyovka.

A little more complicated but more efficient method of inoculation. In this case, on the handle make the oblique cut, and the rootstock – section of the crust in the form of the letter T. the Stem cut is inserted under the bark and secure them with duct tape. The tape can be removed after a month. Grafted branch if it has grown, you need to crop above the site of inoculation, leaving her only a few of the kidneys.
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