Advice 1: How to determine what is hurting the child

If the child is able to speak or at least understands you – he may be able to point out where his "Bo-Bo". If the pain occurred in infants, will have to recognize what exactly ails the baby, the crying character or behavior of the baby.
How to determine what is hurting the child
Instruction
1
About headaches the baby "tell" you a long cry, which is almost impossible to relieve. When this new baby will be preloading the legs to the tummy, you will hear the bubbling of gases in the intestines, the child will refuse the breast. You may get the false impression that the kid has a stomach ache. In fact, doctors believe that the signs grudnichkami migraines of vascular origin. More often it affects children with increased intracranial pressure. During the headache attack any tension causing the nausea, so the babies refuse to suck breast.
2
If you have a headache in a child who is able to speak, ask him to specify where the pain is stronger. If concerned about whiskey or pain do not have a particular place, means that the child is most likely stressed – experienced stress, psychological stress or anxiety. If the headache is accompanied by fever or concentrated in one part of the head show the child the doctor to rule out an internal hematoma or migraine.
3
If the baby starts to cry abruptly after some time after a meal – rather, he is concerned about the abdominal pain. However, his behavior is similar to behavior of a headache, but in the present "colic" baby belly swells and becomes hard, thus the gases do not depart. The pain in my stomach may show signs of digestive upset e.g. diarrhea.
4
If the kid can point to a place where the pain is localized, ask him to do it. If worried about the area below the navel is a possible bladder infection. On top of the navel, indigestion, gases, or stress. The pain right – a sign of appendicitis, bottom left – most likely, the child has constipation. You will also be able to identify a sick place, by using palpation. Gently apply pressure with your fingers on your stomach in different places. The reaction of the child will be seen where it hurts.
5
If the baby cries and refuses the breast, look him in the mouth. White patches would indicate thrush. With this baby it hurts to suck. High-pitched crying, and refusal of the breast can also be a symptom of otitis media. Sucking causes an increase in pressure in the cavity of the middle ear, so a child simply comes in screaming after the first sucking movements. To make sure you are dealing with inflammation of the ear, lightly press down on the so-called the tragus - the cartilaginous projection, which is located in front of the ear hole. The increased crying is a symptom of otitis media. Remember that the ear infection is almost always accompanied by high temperature.

Advice 2: How to determine the child's appendicitis

Appendicitis should be considered as the most common abdominal diseases that require surgical intervention in children. It is found at any age, but more common in 8-14 years. If your child complains of abdominal pain, you should immediately call a doctor. And while you'll be expecting him, you can try to self-diagnose this insidious disease.
How to determine the child's appendicitis
Instruction
1
Put the child on the back and spend palpation (feeling) of the abdomen. Starting from the left iliac region, move counterclockwise. Symptom of appendicitis is increased pain at palpation in the right iliac region. This feature is very important. In medical practice, he received the name of local tenderness.

You can try to see your child during sleep. Then on palpation of the lower right square of the belly appears a symptom of the repulsion is repulsion hands exploring hand of a sleeping child.
2
The second major symptom is inflammation of the protective muscle tension in the lower right square of the abdomen. To determine this condition, put your hands on the baby's stomach (the left - to the right iliac fossa and the right to the lower left square belly of the patient). Wait for breath and alternately press left and right. Thus, try to determine the difference in muscle tone.
3
Now it is necessary to determine the presence of symptom Shchetkina—Blumberg. Deep gradually apply pressure on the anterior abdominal wall. Then quickly and abruptly take away the hand. For positive symptom, your child will experience sharp pain, arising immediately after you took your hand off of the abdomen.
4
Remember, the child's body for any inflammation reacts by increasing temperature. In appendicitis, the reaction temperature is usually not more than 37-38 degrees. Pay attention to the relationship between heart rate and body temperature. When the temperature rises by 1 degree Celsius pulse rate increases by 10 beats per minute. And inflammatory process in the abdominal cavity, the heart beats more often.
5
Keep in mind, when appendicitis may change the child's behavior. In many cases, parents noted that children are capricious, malkontentigi, restless and lethargic. This is due to the increase of pain. The continuity of pain leads to sleep disorder (it occurs in one third of patients).
6
Have 6-8 children out of 10, when inflammation of the appendicitis and vomiting are observed. Very rarely vomiting is persistent.
7
If your child is showing signs of the disease put him in the bed. You should call a doctor immediately. Remember not to hurt the baby, you should not do the following:

- Don't put on a stomach warmer. This can lead to rupture of the Appendix and peritonitis, because heat accelerates the development of inflammation.

- Do not give any medication. They can lubricate the clinical picture of the disease (to reduce the intensity of the inflammatory process, remove or reduce pain, etc.). Then the correct diagnosis will be difficult.

- Feed, or give drink to the patient. If necessary surgery that is performed under General anesthesia, stomach contents may get into the respiratory tract. To prevent this the child will need to wash out the stomach, and this is a difficult and unpleasant procedure.
Note
Children under 3 years is dominated by General symptoms - fever, diarrhea, vomiting.
Useful advice
At the slightest suspicion, call an ambulance. In children, the disease occurs rapidly, so that the condition of peritonitis may develop immediately after the first complaints.

Advice 3: Sunburn in a child: what to do if the baby got burned

In warm weather, when you Shine a bright burning sun, all trying to spend as much time as possible outdoors. The sun's rays nourish the human body with vitamin D, which is very important for health, especially for children. But you need to remember about security measures and about the treachery of ultraviolet rays because they can cause a baby's delicate skin burns.
Sunburn in a child: what to do if the baby got burned

Sunburn in a young child



Children's skin is less protected than an adult. Babies up to three years risk more to be burned than older children. A child can get a sunburn in just 5-10 minutes of being active under the sun. If the baby skin is bright, it is even more susceptible to burning than dark-skinned baby.

The symptoms of erosion can be seen on the skin of the baby in the evening or even the next morning. However, his skin is red, and the child becomes very hot, the condition worsens, you may experience increased body temperature, skin that is injured, becomes quite painful. Child hurt when he touch the bed or the skin of another person. The baby cries, cannot sleep, cannot eat. Later on the body red spots with small bumps, but not in all cases.
2 days later the baby becomes easier and injured skin starts to go.


How to help a child, burnt in direct sunlight



If the child received minor burn, you can help him at home, without recourse to the doctor. But you should know exactly what first aid measures should be taken. Remember that the first thing on the affected area it is necessary to apply a cool compress and change it as heat, while watching the baby's health.

There is a very well-known folk remedy such as applying to the burns of sour cream or yogurt. Cover the burned surface of the skin of your child these products, and they will help to cool it.
An excellent tool is also cool green tea, you can treat baby skin.


Long known that moisturize, relieve itching and cool the skin, such products and herbs like eucalyptus, chamomile (they can do the bath or just RUB the body with broth), cucumber juice and leaves of cabbage.

In addition, today, there are lots of medicines, ointments and sprays that you can find in pharmacies, but it is important to know if your child has allergies to certain medications.

If there is a temperature increase at the kid to knock it better with paracetamol, it will also help relieve pain and soothe the child.

Once the affected infant will be easier, should continue to monitor his condition and to offer drink plenty of liquids. However, in the case of deterioration of health to urgently seek help from a qualified medical workers.

Advice 4: My ears hurt in infants

If the baby became restless, crying and difficult to fall asleep, maybe he's anxious ears. Recognize that it hurts the baby, the mother is often difficult, as he can't talk about their problems. Therefore, one should be mindful of the vagaries, because it is often the cause of pain in the ears in infants are various ear infections.
My ears hurt in infants

Symptoms of ear infections



In order to know precisely what a pain in the ears brings certain discomfort to the baby, carefully press down on the tragus. The so-called part of the ear that covers the entrance to the channel. If you noticed that this procedure is unpleasant baby, he cried, shuddered, this means that problems with the ears still there.

Should immediately seek help at a professional medical facility, if the baby has the following symptoms:

naughty, worse behave;
- trouble sleeping, especially at night, screams, moans during sleep;
- became restless and irritable;
- greenish or yellow discharge from the ear, sometimes mixed with blood;
- nasal discharge;
- temperature rose.


Disease



Otitis externa occurs when the infection gets to the surface of the skin of the external auditory canal during a combing hair or cleaning ears. The symptoms of this disease: a translucent discharge, redness around the ear canal.

Erysipelas occurs as a result of various skin lesions and microcracks. Symptoms: bubbles on the outside of the ear canal red and swollen auricle, chills, fever.

Inflammation of the hair follicle or boil appears due to a temporary drop in immune system and trauma. Symptoms: enlarged lymph nodes, pain in the ear. The boil is slow, and then Matures and bursts, releasing the pus.

Treatment of inflammation of the outer ear with a light course of the disease can be carried out at home: balms, ointments, lotions. In the presence of complications, hospitalization of the patient and the appointment of anti-inflammatory and antibacterial drugs by a qualified technician.

As a result of complications after the SARS may be acute otitis media. Infection from the nasopharynx via the Eustachian tube eventually ends up in the ear. In addition, this may be getting formula or breast milk from the nasopharynx into the ear of the baby when feeding. Symptoms: lethargy, fever, ear pain, and sometimes diarrhea and vomiting.

If the ear went pus, which means that otitis media moved to purulent. The disease a number of complications goes into methodit – severe inflammation of the mastoid process of the temporal bone.

Treatment of inflammation of the middle ear is appointed solely by the attending physician. In acute otitis media specialist prescribes a vasoconstrictor nasal drops, antibiotics, and warm compresses.

Advice 5: How headache at low pressure

Headache is one of the accompanying symptoms of hypotension or chronic low blood pressure. Because of the tendency of patients to vertigo and unconscious conditions headache hypotension has its own specifics.
How headache at low pressure
Instruction
1
At low pressure headache may be of different nature. It may be dull and oppressive, and sometimes paroxysmal and throbbing. A characteristic feature of headaches with low pressure – its moderate severity. Most often this pain occurs as a consequence of physical fatigue or after morning awakening.
2
Headache has no specific location. Sometimes it covers the entire head, sometimes manifested more clearly in any particular region of the skull. May be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, fainting.
3
Specifics of headaches hypotension is determined by the changes of the tone of blood vessels. According to research, when you change the position of the body in patients, there have been sharp fluctuations in blood pressure.
4
For pressure stabilization, the patient is recommended to regularly consuming caffeine in moderate doses. Can be used as drugs, small amounts of alcohol.
5
Sometimes frequent headaches hypotension can indicate the development of migraine. In this case, the pain attacks occur for no apparent reason. The attack begins early in the day with nervousness and irritability, before my eyes appear glowing terms.
6
After a certain point of the skull causes pain, most often in the frontal or temporal lobe. In rare cases, the pain has no clear localization. The pain may radiate to the back or jaw, it is intense and is of a throbbing character.
7
Migraine blood vessels can narrow and expand. Depending on this, the patient's face becomes red or pale. There are nausea, vomiting, discomfort in the heart, intolerance to bright light and loud sounds.
8
Such an attack lasts for several hours, he often stopped during sleep. The rest of the time the person feels absolutely fine.

Advice 6: Why is the baby diarrhea with mucus

Stomach problems in a newborn baby are not uncommon. And different types of abnormalities just do not find it. But any one of them leads a young mother in a state of panic. And not all indigestion in the child functional. So, for example, liquid stool with mucus may indicate quite serious health problems to the baby.
Why is the baby diarrhea with mucus
Disorder of the baby chair (otherwise it is called diarrhea) can be due to various reasons. Especially often this problem occurs in babies breastfed. Physicians often assess the health of the baby is not only the consistency of the feces, but also various impurities that may be detected.

The presence of mucus in baby's stool is not always a pathology. Sometimes it's pretty natural. Because in this way the intestines of the child brings the acid and alkali from the stomach. However, it should be very clear, when the situation is critical and requires medical help.

Causes of stool with mucus from a baby



If the baby is breastfed, the cause of stool with mucus may be the improper diet of the mother. For example, if a woman is really attracted to sweet or fatty foods, and eat food that is contraindicated during breastfeeding, the baby will start digestive problems.

In some cases, mothers are recommended to take the test for sterility of milk. After all, there are cases when there is pathogenic microflora, influence negatively on the health of the baby. However, such a diagnosis does not mean that you have to finish lactation. Go through a treatment that doctors prescribe.

Problem the stool the child may appear and people with lactose intolerance. In this case, it is necessary to abandon breastfeeding, replacing it with a lactose-free food mixtures.

Often the child having problems with the chair in the background of the introduction of complementary foods. For example, if the baby does not tolerate any vegetables or fruits, his intestines could quickly respond to this functional disorder.

Mucus in stool and diarrhea can develop after antibiotic treatment. Immunity a small child is still very weak, so to get an infection that requires serious treatment is so simple. Corrected the situation in this case, the receiving bifidopreparatom.

Sometimes doctors say irregularity and the appearance of a slime in the background of various changes in the baby's life. For example, it is stressful, is in continual agitation, changed the climate, the mode of the day, it hurts.

Diarrhea can be a consequence of regular overeating. After all, if a child receives an excessive amount of food his body is not able to adequately metabolize the surplus. So they manifest in the form of a liquid chair and fragments of mucus in it.

Also, problems with a chair can be symptoms of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, such as gastroenteric or colitis.

When mucus in stool dangerous



The dangerous nature of mucus indicates its frequent appearance in the feces of the baby. In addition, equally important is the number of such selections. For example, if the fragments of mucus is noticeable and quite large in size, it povoda to show the baby the doctor.

If the child has the following symptoms:
green mucus in the feces;
- overly watery and loose stools;
- frequent bowel movements (at least 6 times a day);
- unpleasant smell of feces;
- increased body temperature at the same time,

then it can be argued that the kid has some kind of intestinal infection. In itself it may not be as dangerous as the complications that the infection causes. Especially scary for babies is dehydration, which develops quite quickly against the background of fluid loss in the feces. It is therefore necessary to pay special attention to the drinking regime of the baby. Will definitely have to add dobivanie water or an electrolytic solution to recover salts in the body. The treatment must appoint a physician.
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