You will need
- - superphosphate;
- - ammonium nitrate;
- - sprayer;
- - shovel;
- - cultivator;
- - hoe.
Select customcornea beets will yield not on every land. Its cultivation is not suitable peat and sand. Select the best soil – sod-podzolic, sod or sandy loam. Pick a place that is warmed by the sun. Consider which vegetables you put there, because beetroot gets along with all cultures. For example, she was a good neighbor with cabbage, potato, tomato, radish and radish.
Select the time posicional wait for the warming of the earth to 6-8 degrees and prepare furrows at a distance of not less than 45 cm from each other. If the ground is dry, pour it with warm water and sow the seeds. The depth of the groove depends on the type of soil. For example, on light soils (sandy, loamy) sealed seeds 3-5 cm, medium loam – 2-2,5 cm, on heavy clay – 2.5-3 cm Before planting, make seed fertilizer - this allows obtaining amicable shoots and improve their development.
Take care shodaime correct planting seedlings appear 8-10 days. During this period, focus on the weed control, planting density and pest control. After the rows are marked, spend the first tilling to a depth of 5-6 cm To avoid small roots, conduct thinning, leaving the most developed and strong plants. In the subsequent draw at least 5 longitudinal and transverse row richley, increasing the depth (10-12 cm) on the growth of beets.
Organize poliittiset in water at germination is negligible. After germination, beet and subsequent 50-60 days enough 1-2 times watering the plants to ensure their development. Since July, provide regular watering 7-10 days(3-4 times per month) – at this time there is increased growth of leaf and root crops. After September 1 sugar beet is sufficient rainfall, but if the autumn is dry, compensate for the lack of moisture.
Spend popcornmachine beets need feeding during the entire growth period. After germination, when the root system is poorly developed, the plant has enough fertilizer made during landing. In the period of intensive growth of leaves to feed sugar beets to nitrogen fertilizer - ammonium nitrate at the rate of 15 g per 1 sq. m. during the formation of roots provide plants with phosphate and potash fertilizer - superphosphate and potassium chloride (10 g per 1 sq. m).
Fight the pests the Most common are beet flea beetle and aphids. To destroy them you can use folk remedies: wood ash, tobacco dust, mustard powder, the leaves of Chelidonium or dandelion. For example, after weeding prepare an aqueous solution (10 l) from the processed leaves of the plant (300 g). Leave it 2 days and spend spraying the damaged greens.
Beet has spreading leaves, so do not want to plant it next to low-growing plants - they will not have enough light.
Pay attention to the instructions when purchasing seeds. Select beets that before planting, do not require additional processing.