You will need
- Special tool.
Complete pruning of ficus, if the plant has grown too big, and to change its location is not possible, or if the decorative tree has grown so much because of what has become loose and unattractive. When pruning try to keep the natural shape of the ficus Benjamin, that is, it needs to look like it was not touched by human hand.
At each stage of pruning, try to visualize an ornamental plant, without branches, and that was going to cut. If possible, gently move the sprig to the side and make sure that it ficus do will look better. In short, do not rush to trim too much, in your opinion, are the branches.
Pruning ficus produce a sterile tool, not lifting with the bark and not twisting branches. Clean cuts, probably will be delayed, and the risk that the plant will be infected, will be less.
The cut branches should be from the outer edge of the ridge (which is the chunk of bark) to annular influx (bottom, laced crust area). And the cut must be performed at an angle to the top edge. Due to this pruning the bark of the main branches will not be harmed.
Make pruning ficus benjamina before the start of the active growth of the plant. In most cases, this process occurs in the spring, however, there are exceptions to the rule (some plants after hibernation "Wake up" sooner and others later than usual). The main indication that ficus need pruning - the plant has produced green shoots with young, tender leaves.
Remove too dense branches, interwoven and competing with the main trunk branches and those branches, the growth of which disrupts the appearance of the ficus. Too long branches can be shortened by performing pruning to buds or branches. This will allow you to bring the branch to the desired direction of growth: it will stretch in the direction of the last sheet.
The forming of ficus benjamina wrong: if you plant the wrong crop, correct, then anything will be very difficult.
If you try to give ficus the unusual shape, the plant will be hard to return to its natural form: but such innovations.
Advice 2 : How to root ficus Benjamin
It is difficult to imagine a cozy house or apartment without natural flowers and plants. They delight the eye with their greenery and fresh air, bring some live notes and give completeness to the interior. One of the most common overseas plants is ficus benjamina. It can be purchased in any flower shop, and you can try to grow your own. For this you need to root cuttings of ficus. If you like to take care of flowers, you will succeed.
Wait until spring to root cuttings of ficus. In this case, the young shoots will have plenty of time to get stronger until the autumn. There are several ways to plant a ficus. For ficus Benjamin cuttings suitable.
Cut off from the adult plant multiple tops with a length of about 10cm. Choose twigs that are already half stiff. Cut on the bias with a knife just below a node.
Remove the lower leaves and shoots. If the rest of the cutting has large leaves, cut them in half.
Rinse the cuttings with warm water to wash away the white SAP exuding from the cut. Then let them dry out, you can leave it for a couple of hours.
Choose a dark container, pour it in warm water, dissolve in it a piece of charcoal or a tablet of activated charcoal and place the cuttings. Make sure that the lower leaves are not in water.
Place the container in a bright place, avoiding direct sunlight.
Provide humidity to 80% and temperatures above 25º C. With this, you can cover the tank with a film jar or a plastic box, creating a kind of hothouse.
Follow the water level in the tank and pour as needed. After 3-4 weeks you should see roots, after which the cuttings can be planted in a light soil.
Can root cuttings in sand or peat. Rinse, Pat dry and sprinkle the cut cuttings charcoal. Plant the cutting in sand or peat, deepening it by about one knot. Cover the pot with plastic film to create a greenhouse effect. Periodically watering to the sand was wet. From time to time remove the pack to keep the plants ventilated. After the appearance of the first shoots, the film can shoot more often, and then just remove and ship the young plant in the correct soil.
Korenaga several cuttings in case some of them will not survive. Later you can put several cuttings together and beautifully twisting shoots at the base. The growth of shoots will grow in the ground weave, creating beautiful patterned trunk.