Advice 1: How to install the engine VAZ on LUAZ

Ukrainian SUV LUAZ all good. Four-wheel, compact, inexpensive in operation. But most of its shortcomings – the result of a low-power engine, designed more for cars than for this vehicle. One solution is to install on LUAZ motor from the Vase.
How to install the engine VAZ on LUAZ
You will need
  • - adapter plate;
  • - the radiator from the brand;
  • - the electric fan of a radiator from the VAZ-2106;
  • - rubber hose-air duct, cross-section 500 cm2;
  • - expansion tank VAZ-2108;
  • - hoist engine lift;
  • - a set of tools.
Instruction
1
In the car LUAZ easier to install the power unit from the VAZ-ovsky classics. First, they fit the design. Second, developed and sold an adapter plate to replace the motor. Third, a set of transfer numbers transmissions Luisa optimally suited to the engine of the Lada.
2
Purchase the adapter plate for engine mounting. The total vehicle weight has not increased, select aluminum. You can also download the drawings of such plates and to order its production at the plant, if possible.
3
Remove Luisa Zaporozhye motor. With the engine VAZ remove the additional staffing support. Their installation is absolutely useless support Loisa structurally designed for heavy overload. Also remove the engine flywheel and the clutch basket. Install it on the adapter plate directly on it podsobit. Note that the basic models of the transition plates designed to use the studs LUAZ.
4
Installing the new engine inside matousek, do not remove the slings of a hoist. In a suspended state, attach the adapter plate to the clutch housing, clip to engine support. Check the clutch operation. Assemble the new radiator with Taurus electric fan VAZ-2106. It will have to be set to the left of the new engine. Otherwise you'll have to lengthen the engine compartment to change the appearance of your vehicle, spoiling the weight distribution.
5
The new cooler air from a radiator lattice move with a soft rubber air duct. Upper pipe of the cooling system should be placed inside the duct. At the bottom install the oil drain plug and place into the cavity of the bumper. The surge tank from the VAZ-2108 hook to the left of the clutch master cylinder, its lower socket connect directly to the pump.
6
Hydrovac brake booster port at the right side, and to keep road dust and water, its inlet valve connect the air filter of the engine. Install protective crankcase.
7
Lacy cast iron crankshaft replace reinforced steel. For the upgraded so the drive use a belt from the M-412. Regular oil filter when installing a new motor will interfere with the steering column. So replace it with a low Shampion F101 with making new connections. This does not apply to the model LUAZ-1302 – he changed the steering mechanism allows you to mount a filter of any type.
8
The clutch motor VAZ, you can leave normally. Release bearing Luisa approaches him, but because of the sharply increased load on it will often fail. Will solve the problem installing a Luk clutch. When you combine the transactions Luisa with the wiring of the new motor, replace any worn wires. Wanting to get the perfect option to replace all leads on high quality, and their connections seal with a special compound.

Advice 2: How to install wing flaps on WHA

Excessive savings vehicle manufacturers "the tenth generation" in Togliatti, expressed in the installation of lokara (wing flaps) does not provide reliable protection against corrosion of surfaces of the body and tail, forcing the owners replace them with aftermarket counterparts.
How to install wing flaps on WHA
You will need
  • shaped screwdriver
  • - wrench 10 mm,
  • - a sharp knife
Instruction
1
Before you purchase a new set of protective wing flaps, carefully read and note the location of the attachment points installed on the car locura.
2
Buy the kit with the same mount – this will facilitate the work associated with the installation of new accessories.
3
In cases where not supposed to wash the wheel arches, the old lockers are removed and replaced with the new lockamy. To perform this procedure with the vehicle wheel can not be removed.
4
Installation accessories front begins with mounting the locking plate on the inner fender, then it is placed in a niche over the wheel, and its outer edge is introduced into engagement with the flare of the wing. Then tightened the two nuts on the studs and tighten the four bolts fastening the places of their destination. If some part of the fender liner enough adjacent to the vehicle body, it is additionally fixed with screws.
5
Installing inner fender on the rear wheel is operated in a similar way.
Useful advice
To reduce the time-consuming use a screwdriver with nozzles.

Advice 3: How to sort out the engine VAZ 2106

If the conversation between the drivers heard the phrase: "to touch the engine", "engine overhaul", it means that the engine has had its day. As a rule, the repair process of the car Assembly most of the parts of the old engine throw away, replacing them with new ones.
How to sort out the engine VAZ 2106
You will need
  • - spare parts;
  • tools.
Instruction
1
Remove the engine. Then remove the bolt for attaching the frame, which is installed for removing the engine. Then loosen the clamp and disconnect the hose to the fuel pump.
2
Unscrew the nuts securing the fuel pump, then remove the pump, spacer (it is installed under the pump) and gasket (located between the BTS and the spacer). Then remove the wires going to the spark plugs, and Unscrew the nut that secures the ignition to distribute.
3
Remove the record of the PRC. Disconnect the hose from the vacuum regulator, then remove the distributor. Then remove the alternator and remove the belt from the pulleys, and then remove the hose of the carb and hose, designed to supply vacuum to the vacuum regulator, and hose of the crankcase ventilation system.
4
Carefully loosen the oil filter, remove the breather plug, then remove the pressure sensor, then the crankshaft pulley. If left on the BC strip, take it off. Then unfold the petals of the locking washers.
5
Remove cylinder head retaining bolts and remove the flywheel. Then remove the oil pan gasket and the pump itself. Then remove the drive gear and the oil separator with a drain tube.
6
Remove pistons and rods, then remove the crankshaft bearing cap and crankshaft. Remove all connecting rod bearings and the top compression ring. Then remove the remaining ring and pull out the piston pin.
7
To knock the piston pin, arm hammer. But this should be done carefully so as not to damage the item. For the processing unit will need a lathe: boring can take several hours.
8
For pressing a new finger in the pots heat the oil in the connecting rod journal. Then put them on rings. After replacing all defective parts, build the engine in the reverse order.
Note
Turning over the engine, be sure to replace the liners, even if they look new and seem to change these pads yet.
Useful advice
The connecting rod is processed simultaneously with the connecting rod cap.

Advice 4: How to remove the engine with the "classics"

The engine VAZ-2101, popularly referred to as "classics", not eternal. Therefore, after a certain mileage you should carry out repairs. In this case, before pulling should remove his head. But this is rarely required, most often the engine removed from the car entirely, without disassembly.
How to remove the engine with the "classics"
You will need
  • key 8;
  • key to 10;
  • key 13;
  • - end head 19;
  • - a chain or rope;
  • - winch or steel pipe;
  • - capacity to drain the oil and coolant.
Instruction
1
Take the key 13 and remove the hood, it will facilitate the task. The first step is to Unscrew the six bolts (three each side).
2
Drain the engine coolant. To do this, substitute a lower radiator hose capacity (8-10 years, better pelvis).
3
Open the valve of the heater, loosen the pinch clamp on the lower radiator hose and disconnect it from the radiator. As soon as will flow out, open the cap on the expansion tank and, if applicable, on the radiator.
4
Drain the oil from the crankcase, replacing the container (3) and unscrewing the plug.
5
Take the key on 10 and Unscrew the three bolts on the air filter and remove the cover. Key 8 remove the four bolts that secure the lower part of the filter to the carb and remove it.
6
Disconnect the choke cable from the carb with a screwdriver, remove the accelerator lever. Loosen the hose clamp and disconnect the fuel hose from the tank to the fuel pump.
7
Remove key for 10 bolts that secure the radiator and then pull it out.
8
Take a socket at 13 and remove the four nuts that secure the muffler to the exhaust manifold. Disconnect from the cylinder head and pump tubes of the heater compartment.
9
Remove the engine attachments – alternator, distributor, starter, removing the last key 13 three bolts – two on top and one below. Disconnect the plug to the oil sensor and coolant sensor.
10
Take a head 19 and an elongated key on the bottom of the car Unscrew the four bolts with which the gearbox is mounted to the motor. Place a support under the transaxle.
11
Disconnect the driveline from the transmission, then from the vehicle body and slide it back to the secondary shaft out of the engine.
12
Unscrew the top nut of fastening of the engine to the cushions on the front beam. Wind the motor with a rope or chain.
13
Take out the motor with a winch or by hand. In the latter case, need elevation near the wheels and the belt or chain, insert the steel pipe 50 mm in diameter, the edges of which protrude beyond the dimensions of the machine at 60-100 cm

Advice 5: How to install bearing

In all machines there are parts that are in the process of spinning and rotating. This leads to friction, heat and wear. To avoid these problems, on the supporting shaft portions installed bearingI. this reduces the wear and tear from long friction and heat.
How to install bearing
You will need
  • - hammer;
  • - cut pipe.
Instruction
1
The installation of the bearing is produced in several stages. On the first check and prepare the bearing Assembly and where it will be installed. Seating surface clean of rust, old grease and dirt. Also check how it is worn, or the bearing on the surface will rotate, resulting in disturbed functioning of the whole node. If the damage is minor, remove them by grinding. On the surface, which is prepared for the installation of the bearing, apply a small layer of grease.
2
Purchased to install a new bearing must be in a sealed package made of plastic, which is rustproof lubricant, contributing to its long-term storage. After opening the package, remove the bearing and wash it in gasoline. If there is a protective washer, rinse the bearing is optional.
3
To install the bearing, you will need a section of pipe of soft metal, suitable for the size of the inner or outer ring of the bearing. If you install it on the shaft, the socket must be suitable for the inner ring if mounted in the hull under the outer ring of the bearing. Install the bearing are not strong blows of a hammer on the socket, which, in turn, must be assigned to the corresponding bearing ring. Note, however, that the attached load must be uniform. In addition, you cannot apply it directly to the bearing rings or to a number of rolling elements.
4
In the process of assembling the bearing pay attention to the fact that it was placed on the shaft or in the hole without bias, as this may cause scoring of the surface of the bearing or hub.
5
Installing the bearing, lubricate the surface of the rolling elements with lubricant. Bearings with shields or sealing rings that already contain factory lubricated, so they do not require it.
Note
To install the bearing should be free of dust or dirt, as this leads to premature failure.

Advice 6: How to install the air conditioner on VAZ

In hot summer the owners of domestic cars dream about one. About the air conditioning, to cool the interior of the car. If Kalina and priors to supply air conditioning without any problems, then with the classic and the eighth family will be a little difficult.
The compressor of the air conditioner on VAZ-2114
Enjoy the coolness is not possible in every domestic car. But to install air conditioning on the classics or nine is quite real. Now we have to find a conditioner with a suitable vehicle. You will feel a significant power drop when the compressor starts up. But if you are a supporter of convenience, not speed, then it will not pay attention. It would be better if you do overhaul the engine before installing the air conditioner.

If the engine has high mileage, extra load it will be not very good. Also nice would be if the fuel injection system is the injector. This allows you to configure the electronic control unit so that the minimum fuel consumption and maximum engine power. For automobiles, the perfect conditioning with the small and midget cars of foreign production.

The composition of the air-conditioning system



The basis of conditioning is the compressor, which is driven by the timing belt or alternator. Method of actuator depends on the specific car model. Radiator (condenser), installed in the front of the car designed to cool the refrigerant. And in the cabin installed a radiator in which the refrigerant is in a cold state. If more precisely to speak, the radiator takes heat from the surrounding air. Copper tubes that connect the nodes of the conditioning for the circulation of refrigerant.

The four-way valve must be installed if winter is going to use the air conditioner as a heater. It changes the direction of movement of the refrigerant. And, of course, the fans on the radiators. In the cabin the blower motor distributes the cooled air and the condenser is a more effective cooling of the refrigerant due to the installed fan. The compressor has an electromagnetic clutch. The pulley constantly spinning, and the compressor rotor are connected with this clutch when you turn on the air conditioner.

What you need to do to put the air conditioner on VAZ?



First, you should change a little the power supply system. The generator, which is installed by default, now turns out to be too weak. It is necessary that he gave to 10 Amp more. At the very least. Otherwise there will be enough charging the battery, the engine operation will be unstable. Second, the alternator drive belt should also be changed. The most appropriate option will be the use of the generator VAZ-2110 nines and classics. Accordingly, the belt drive also with this car. You only need to use a strap with more length.

And it is desirable to use a special idler pulley. At cars VAZ-2108 and VAZ-2114, will not have problems with the installation of a radiator in the cabin. Beard (middle panel) allows you to mount the radiator and fans under the bar tape. The classical places not so much, so the best place to install the radiator is a shelf under the glove box. In the process of operation, however, the passenger in the front seat will be very cold. But don't forget about condensation, which can cause rotting of the body. To drain it must.

Advice 7: Why smoke the engine the VAZ

From the exhaust pipe can be released as vapor and smoke. If the vapor is not terrible, when you smoke diagnose. Smoke can be pure white, white with tint, or even black. And the color indicates a fault in the engine.
VAZ piston with rings
The smoke from the exhaust pipe can be alerted of an ordinary driver. Only do not immediately grab his head and sound the alarm. It is possible that the smoke from the exhaust system is not dangerous and the engine will have no effect. The first thing to pay attention to the color of the smoke, and only then to draw conclusions, what is wrong with the engine, does he need repair and maintenance. By the color of the exhaust gases is possible to define malfunction of the motor.

Steam from the exhaust pipe



Novice drivers, poorly versed in cars, but already heard from "experienced" motorists of smoke from the exhaust, often confuse vapor with smoke. As soon as the ambient temperature decreases, it is possible to observe a while the white smoke from the chimney. But it is actually a simple par. Exhale air from the lungs. You will see the same exact pairs.

Now imagine that during the night all parts of the engine and exhaust system have cooled down. And in the morning you start the engine and it starts to leak processes with intense heat. All the laws of physics will begin the formation of condensate, which under the force of the exhaust gas will tend to exit to the muffler and the exhaust pipe.

The smoke from the exhaust



But it happens that even the engine is warm from the exhaust is black smoke. So this is the most dangerous symptom. The reason for this phenomenon may be the destruction of the oil ring or oil caps. The first is installed on all the pistons, and the second valves are put on. With the destruction of the ring engine begins to consume more oil. From breather also stands out black smoke or white with a bluish tinge, polluting the air filter.

Replace piston oil rings and caps will help to get rid of black smoke. But before replacing the rings be sure to check whether you need to rebore the cylinders. You can do this by measuring the circumference of the sleeves. If they have the shape of an ellipse, it is necessary to carry out the boring of the cylinders and replace the piston. Even if you just change the rings, run the engine running, some time not expose it to excessive loads.

But white smoke on a warm engine it is not a good symptom. The cause of white smoke is coolant entering lubrication system. It is easy to determine, as the coolant level will drop and the oil in the lubrication system, razbavlyali the antifreeze will become more transparent and lighter on its surface the foam is formed. The main cause of the leak antifreeze into the lubrication system is the destruction of cylinder-head gaskets. A little less effect a loose fit of the head to the block.
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