- • Fresh carrots;
- • device for cutting or sharp kitchen knife and cutting Board.
Advice 2: Why the leaves of carrot are purple-red hue
What happens to the carrots?
This plant carrots a signal "SOS" and asked for help. Culture attacks a malicious pest, the carrot fly. She begins her departure in the spring when the gardens bloom and lilac. As fly rapidly develops its activity during the entire garden season, then deal with it extremely difficult and troublesome. This is a malicious insect is strictly "works" according to the scheme: fly-eggs-larvae-fly and "stamps" from generation to generation. Even some of the larvae in the autumn may remain in the roots and migrate to the basement for storage. As well as the larvae and overwinter well in the soil. Especially a highly annoying pest in wet years.
The damage caused by carrot fly
My first "attack" the fly starts on the "kids" who have only appeared a few leaves. In the future, the growth of roots is inhibited. They become twisted, woody, tasteless and even bitter. Crack, become deformed in shape with characteristic damages for carrot flies banners around the roots and rusty moves from larvae. Such a crop shall not be stored.
First aid at the first sign of plant damage carrots
Remove from the patches of damaged plants carrots and destruction.
If the damage is small, then use traditional methods: process and shed the soil with extracts of onion (garlic), you can leave the husk on the corn.
Dusting any having at hand, odorous funds will also help. It - any pepper, mustard powder, ash, tobacco dust mixture, the chopped herb wormwood. Dusting need to be repeated in a few days and after rains. The task of the gardener is to confuse carrot fly and ward off it from the patch.
After watering, you need to rake and mulch the soil. Good mulches are peat and coarse sand that carrot fly can not tolerate. The fly does not like dry mulch.
It is important that the plant of carrot is well ventilated and do not grow to unacceptable distress. Bare roots should be mulched or patriciate soil.
If damage is significant, it is necessary to use chemical methods, following exactly the instructions. But this is an extreme measure.
You can grow carrots under non-woven covering material. It protects the plants from carrot flies.
Advice 3: Why you want carrots
To taste the carrots on the language you may want, if the body outlines problems with vision, mucous membranes or skin. Perhaps they have not yet manifested sufficiently, but if you do not feed the body the right foods, the process is compounded. The fact that the carotene that is the pigment that gives these root vegetables orange color, in the process of digestion is converted into vitamin A. It is vital the eyes to recover from bright flashes of light and the ability to see in twilight. Vitamin a deficiency can lead to drying of the cornea and, subsequently, to the conjunctivitis. A similar process occurs in the lungs and in the genital organs, and stomach: wherever there is mucous, it turns into the Horny layer cells. Vitamin a accelerates the synthesis of collagen and helps the skin faster updated.
With this in mind, it is important not just regularly chew on a carrot, but to do it right. With roots remove the thin top layer of skin and shredded carrots or turn it into juice. Best of all it digestible in its raw form and in combination with fatty foods - butter, sour cream, mayonnaise.
Interestingly, psychologists believe those who are particularly fond of carrots, a healthy and balanced human beings.
Advice 4: Why the carrots didn't come out
The main reasons why carrot does not rise:
- Old seeds. Carrot seeds remain viable for 2 to 3 years. Even seeds 1 class have a germination rate of around 70%, second class is only 45%. Buying bags of carrot seeds, pay attention not only to the expiration date of the class, but the flavor coming from the package of carrot seeds. Fresh seeds emit a fragrance, if they are unprocessed (in the form of pellets, tape) and Packed in an additional package.
- Depth of seeding. Finely sown carrot seeds just dry, deep-seeded will not be able to climb out to white light.
- Watering and soil moisture. It is necessary to sow the seeds in moist soil. Given that the carrot has the "audacity" to rise about two weeks on average, and the sowing is carried out by 1 or 2 cm depth, as seeds are small, with no moisture in the soil and seedlings will not.
You need to carrot seeds germinate?
Seeding is best done not in the narrow grooves side by side, and in a broad band (10...15 cm wide). Seeds can be directly expanded to try to save some money rather than rattling off a bunch in a narrow groove. Because then you have the "pile" to pull out. But before you put the seeds the tape is necessary to shed water from a watering can, trying not to blur the earth. Let the water soak in and begin planting. Moisture will not be superfluous. Seeds sprinkled the ground (peat, humus) and on top of not water, but only harbouring non-woven material. Plastic film should not be used. In Sunny weather, under the film seeds can burn. In the absence of rains and prolonged dry weather, if the top layer of soil dries up, the crops are carefully watered from a watering can without removing material.
Sow the carrots around the edge of the beds impossible. Sowing is carried out, departing from the edge of the beds at least 10...15 cm.
Land for planting and growing carrots should be cultivated and have a neutral reaction.