No need to think that in order to grow a pine tree on his own land, enough to bring a sapling from the woods, stick it in the ground and do nothing else. This tree is doomed to death, and if they survive, then he is not the best. Though pine is normal for our climate zone the tree in the garden it requires special care for themselves.
Before you buy a seedling, select a place to land. Remember, pine is a photophilous plant. If you have ever been in a pine forest, you have probably seen, as trees seek the light, and how deplorable are the parts of the trunk, remaining in the shadows. When the place is found, dig a hole two times larger than the root container. Pour on the bottom of the drainage, fill the hole with soil substrate and plant the seedling. The smaller the tree, the higher its chances of surviving. Liberally pour the soil and sprinkle the top with sawdust or peat litter. This will help to preserve moisture, and decaying organic matter gradually will become an excellent fertilizer for the baby.
In the early years, while pine has not entered into force, and try to protect it from severe frost and scorching sun. Do not fill the root system of the tree, periodically fertilize plant growth stimulants, sold in garden centers. And to pine remained nice and neat, you will need to periodically prune its crown.
Every spring pine will be to throw a kind of candle, from which grow new branches. Without excessive pity prorostki cut, leaving stumps with a size of 2-5 cm at First sheared pine will not look very nice, but after a week or two candle stumps will let the side branches, and pine will begin to develop a nice neat chart. But never cut the needles from the pine trees, on the branches of the remaining part of the needles turn yellow and spoil the look of the wood.
Periodically obrushivaet crown water. Pine, like small rain, after which they look brighter and more beautiful.
If you yourself dug up the sapling in the woods, note its original location relative to the cardinal directions. When landing try to Orient the pine tree as she was growing up. This will increase the chances of seedling survival.
Advice 2 : How to transplant a pine tree
Transplanting pine trees, as well as any other wood connected with the many small troubles. You must know these points in order to quickly produce a transplant, without unnecessary complications for you and the tree. Depending on the size of a tree, the process will vary.
Draw a circle on the ground equal to the diameter of the pine in height. This method is suitable for relatively small trees (to five metres). Outlining the circle, make sure you do not run into the masonry or other foreign objects.
Start to dig up the soil in a circle. If the soil allows, you can just go along the circle and a shovel to throw the earth away from the pine. Try to dig up evenly and not get carried away.
If you have any difficulties when digging, try to leave under the tree. This means that you need to dig in the form of an inverted pyramid, leaving the shovel deep into the earth, towards pine. If the tree is small, you are unlikely to meet the roots. If you still stumbled on the rhizome, do not cut it. Like any other small plant, pine is very sharply reacts to any damage and can just simply not settle down in a new place.
Raise the excavated plant under the tip of the barrel. Be careful when transporting the tree to a new location, do not attempt to drag the branches, or the tip of pine. If another instance was too heavy, drag it on a thick cloth, and have her move to a new location.
Granulate the ground around a large tree. If you want to move a large pine tree in a different place, you'll need special equipment. The drill or earth drill you perfect. Don't be afraid to touch the crust, as in other ways to dig a tree you will not succeed.
Tie the tree as high as possible to the top. The other side of the easiest thing to fix on the car and thus pull the barrel.
Cut off the bottom and withering branches of the tree. The loss of most of the roots, one way or another, affect the development of the tree. So better to cut off that part of the branches, which will still die.
How should kopite pine in a new place. If you make poor transplant, it may fall, not only completely lost the chances of engraftment in a new place, but also bringing new troubles.
Advice 3 : How to plant pine trees on a plot
Pine is not only a beautiful evergreen plant, but also a kind of purifier. Its essential oil effectively combats pathogenic bacteria – no wonder TB patients and other pulmonary diseases has long been sent to be treated in a sanatorium located in a pine forests. Planted in your garden of pine trees, you will ensure wonderfully clean and fragrant air.
You will need
- - seedling
- - shovel,
- - soil,
- - sand,
- - water,
Find a suitable specimen in the forest. Note that pine is not a tree that you can easily dig up and safely to land in their area. On the wrong soil it will not survive. So, first of all, dig up a pine tree along with the piece of land, in which was developing its root system. If you release the roots from the soil, they will not live more than 15 minutes.
Choose a plant smaller young trees are easier to tolerate the transplant. Pine trees have a taproot, so not to injure it, first obamaite the wood around, then feel the soil, in order to detect the root. Make sure that you will not preroute it, calculate how deep you will run a shovel, digging pine, and proceed.
Plant a pine tree or in the spring (perfect time – April-may) or late summer – early autumn. Choose a well-lit place: pines love sun and in the shade grow slower and be not too high.
Put the bottom of the planting hole with a layer of gravel, crushed brick or sand. The depth of the pits shall not exceed one meter. The optimum thickness of the drainage layer with 10-15 cm. In the wild pines grow on sandy soil so when planting, mix the soil with sand in 1:1 ratio. Upon completion of the root collar should pop out of the ground 8-10 inches. Don't forget plenty of water your seedling!
If you don't want to look for a future sapling in the woods, or you do not have the opportunity, buy it in a specialty store. Choose a plant with well-preserved roots. Conscientious sellers have to sell pine with a ball of soil and roots wrapped in a damp cloth. Also it is possible to grow pine from seed, they give a lot of shoots, and plants are well accustomed, moreover, in favorable conditions, grow like weeds. Thing to protect seedlings from diseases such as "black legs". To prevent watering soil solution fitosporin.
Special care of a pine is not required, except regular watering. Abundant only need to be watered in the fall to have young plants are easier to winter. If you find pests such as the pine Sawfly, or aphids, treat branches karbofosom, hlorofosom or any other insecticide. In the fight against caterpillars effective as hand-picking. As a fertilizer for young seedlings can use nitrophoska.
Advice 4 : How to transplant pine tree
The value of conifers in decorative qualities that do not change depending on the time of year. To evergreen trees felt good to put them you need all the rules.
More painfully react to transplant large adult specimens of conifers. Resistant breeds can be considered as spruce, fir and Western thuja, and the most capricious pine and cedar. Best survival at the new location for the coniferous trees, transplanted during the winter. This is because the tree is dormant, and damage to the root ball occurs.
Every plant, regardless of species and size, at the time of transplantation carries the strongest stress. Since the activity of the root system and crown are interrelated, particularly important for rapid adaptation gets meticulous care. In the root of the tree is the synthesis of hormones that affect the growth and activity of root system, and hence on the entire tree as a whole. Even with the most careful and accurate transplant a significant part of young and active roots is lost. Therefore, the water balance of the plant, reduces the amount they absorb nutrients and weaken the functions of biosynthesis. Order the necessary material has entered the crown of the tree in the right quantity, after the transplant, it is recommended to treat synthetic analogues of plant hormones.
The group is auxin growth regulators and are intended for recovery in the shortest time possible of the root system. Cytokinin and gibberellinovaya groups stimulate the development of pine needles and new branches, in General, providing the adaptation of the ground part. In the nature of underground and aboveground parts grow, alternating, and therefore need to process the roots and the crown alternately.
Pour large conifers first 2-3 years after planting should be regularly and abundantly. The younger generation adapts quickly, so closely monitor the watering of young animals will have a maximum of a year. For more effective irrigation around each tree gets a small hole with raised edges. To protect evergreens from often overtaking them in the summer sunburns, preferably pritenyat them, especially the first year after transplantation. In particularly hot and Sunny days in addition to shading will be useful to arrange ephedra irrigation of the crown.
In the first years after planting, all plants, conifers and trees especially, are particularly susceptible to attacks by pests and infected by fungal infections. Insecticides and fungicides should be applied immediately after planting coniferous tree, for the prevention of unpleasant consequences. It is better to use broad-spectrum preparations. Observing all the conditions, it is possible to transplant the pine tree and provide it with a quick adaptability to the new location.